Atreus | Greek mythology | badz.info
also normally meant that a poem's meaning would not be clear on a first reading. This is more than a metonymic substitution of Thyestes for Atreus, since the For, though the relationship of Atreus to Thyestes is metonymically associative. Wife of Atreus, who was seduced by his brother Thyestes. where according to legend the first court for murder was instituted; its name means "hill of Ares." . lost his life in the chariot race with Pelops for Hippodamia's hand in marriage. Atreus and Thyestes were brothers, the sons of Pelops and Hippodameia. But Atreus' wife, the Queen, was secretly in love with Thyestes.
Tantalus was a son of Zeus who enjoyed cordial relations with the gods until he decided to slay his son Pelops and feed him to the gods as a test of their omniscience. Most of the gods, as they sat down to dinner with Tantalus, immediately understood what had happened, and, because they knew the nature of the meat they were served, were appalled and did not partake. But Demeterwho was distracted due to the abduction by Hades of her daughter Persephoneobliviously ate Pelops' shoulder.
The gods threw Tantalus into the underworldwhere he spends eternity standing in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches. Whenever he reaches for the fruit, the branches raise his intended meal from his grasp. Whenever he bends down to get a drink, the water recedes before he can drink.
Thus is derived the word "tantalising". The gods brought Pelops back to life, replacing the bone in his shoulder with a bit of ivory with the help of Hephaestus, thus marking the family forever afterwards. Pelops and Hippodamia[ edit ] Pelops married Hippodamia after winning a chariot race against her father, King Oenomausby arranging for the sabotage of his would-be-father-in-law's chariot and resulting in his death.
The versions of the story differ. The sabotage was arranged by Myrtilusa servant of the king who was killed by Pelops for one of three reasons: As Myrtilus died, he cursed Pelops and his line, further adding to the house's curse. Depending on myth versions, they murdered Chrysippuswho was their half-brother. Because of the murder, Hippodamia, Atreus, and Thyestes were banished to Mycenaewhere Hippodamia is said to have hanged herself.
- Meaning of "Thyestes" in the English dictionary
Atreus vowed to sacrifice his best lamb to Artemis. Upon searching his flock, however, Atreus discovered a golden lamb which he gave to his wife, Aeropeto hide from the goddess.
Atreus and Thyestes – House of Atreus – The Curse
She gave it to Thyestes, her lover and Atreus' brother, who then convinced Atreus to agree that whoever had the lamb should be king. Thyestes produced the lamb and claimed the throne. Atreus retook the throne using advice he received from Hermes. Thyestes agreed to give the kingdom back when the sun moved backwards in the sky, a feat that Zeus accomplished. With his dying gasp, Myrtilus cursed their line, which is where Thyestes and Atreus comes in. Thyestes' brother and King of Mycenae, Atreusvowed to sacrifice his best lamb to Artemis.
Upon searching his flock, however, Atreus discovered a golden lamb which he gave to his wife, Aeropeto hide from the goddess.
She gave it to her lover, Thyestes, who then convinced Atreus to agree that whoever had the lamb should be king. Thyestes produced the lamb and claimed the throne. Atreus retook the throne using advice he received from Hermes. Thyestes agreed to give the kingdom back when the sun moved backwards in the sky, a feat that Zeus accomplished. Atreus retook the throne and banished Thyestes. Atreus then learned of Thyestes' and Aerope's adultery and plotted revenge. He killed Thyestes' sons and cooked them, save their hands and heads.
He served Thyestes his own sons and then taunted him with their hands and heads. This is the source of modern phrase "Thyestean Feast," or one at which human flesh is served.
When Thyestes was done with his feast, he released a loud belch, which represents satiety and pleasure and his loss of self-control.
An oracle then advised Thyestes that, if he had a son with his own daughter Pelopiathat son would kill Atreus. Atreus asked Thyestes if he knew what he had eaten, and then produced their heads and limbs. Thyestes fled, cursing Atreus' house. He asked the Delphic oracle how to get revenge, and was told that he must have a child by Pelopia, his own daughter.
Leaving Delphi at night, Thyestes saw by the light of a sacrificial fire a girl going into a stream near Sicyon.
Thyestes - Wikipedia
He raped her, but left his sword behind. He did not know that she was in fact Pelopia, and she did not know who he was. Atreus soon found her while searching for Thyestes, and took her as his new wife, replacing the unfaithful Aerope. She bore Thyestes' son, but Atreus thought that the boy was his.
Atreus named the boy Aegisthus. After many years of searching for Thyestes, Atreus finally sent his two grown sons, Agamemnon and Menelaus, to Delphi to find out where Thyestes was.
Thyestes happened to be there, seeking new advice on taking revenge on Atreus, since he couldn't find his daughter more precisely, he didn't know he'd found his daughter. Agamemnon and Menelaus hauled Thyestes back to Mycenae. Atreus had his other son, Aegisthus, behead Thyestes, but when Aegisthus pulled his sword, Thyestes recognized it as his own sword.
They had Pelopia summoned secretly, and as she explained what her unknown attacker had done to her, she realized that she had had intercourse with her own father, and killed herself with the sword.
Aegisthus, now realizing that Thyestes was his true father, took the bloodied sword to Atreus as evidence that he had beheaded Thyestes. Atreus rejoiced, made sacrifices, and went to the river to wash his hands, where Aegisthus stabbed him in the back. Thyestes took the throne, and Agamemnon and Menelaus took refuge in Sparta with Tyndareus, the king. They raised an army and returned to drive Thyestes from Mycenae.
Tyndareus had married Leda, who was so beautiful that Zeus took, in the form of a swan, raped her. She had sex with Tyndareus on the same night.