Kaplan Medical Relationship. of The reciprocal relationship between glucagon and insulin is manifested in other metabolic pathways, such as triglyceride. Presentation on theme: "1 Biochemistry & medicine introduction. 11 11 4 、 reciprocal relationship between biochemistry & medicine has stimulated mutual. Biochemistry and medicine enjoy a mutually cooperative relationship. Biochemical studies have illuminated many aspects of health and disease, and the study.
Immunology employs numerous biochemical techniques, and many immunologic approaches have found wide use by biochemists. Pharmacology and pharmacy rest on a sound knowledge of biochemistry and physiology; in particular, most drugs are metabolized by enzyme-catalyzed reactions, and the complex interactions among drugs are best understood biochemically. Poisons act on biochemical reactions or processes; this is the subject matter of toxicology. Biochemical approaches are being used increasingly to study basic aspects of pathology the study of diseasesuch as inflammation, cell injury, and cancer.
Many workers in microbiology, zoology and botany employ biochemical approaches almost exclusively. This relationships are not surprising, because life as we know; depends on biochemical reactions and processes, in fact, the old barriers among the life sciences are breaking down, and biochemistry is increasingly becoming their common language.
A reciprocal relationship between biochemistry and medicine has stimulated mutual advances. As stated earlier, the two major concerns for workers in the health sciences-and particularly physicians-are the understanding and maintenance of health and the understanding and effective treatment of diseases.
Biochemistry impacts enormously on both of these fundamental concerns of medicine. In fact, the inter relationship of biochemistry and medicine is a wide, two-way street.
Biochemical studies have illuminated many aspects of health and disease, and conversely, the study of various aspects of health and disease has opened up new areas of biochemistry and medicine. On the other hand, analyses of sickle cell haemoglobin has contributed significantly to our understanding of the structure and function of both normal haemoglobin and other proteins.
Another example is the pioneering work of Garrod, a physician in England during the early years of the 20th century. Garrod designated these conditions as inborn errors of metabolism, his insights provided a major foundation for the development of the field of human biochemical genetics.
This relationship between medicine and biochemistry has important philosophical implications for the former. As long as medical treatment is firmly grounded in a knowledge of biochemistry and other relevant basic sciences eg physiology, microbiology, nutritionthe practice of medicine will have a rational basis that can be adapted to accommodate new knowledge.
This contrasts with orthodox health cults, which are often founded on little more than myth and wishful thinking and generally lack any intellectual basis. Normal biochemical processes are the basis of health.
However, this is an extremely reduvtionist view, and it should be apparent that caring for the health of patients requires not only a wide knowledge of biologic principles but also of psychologic and social principles. Biochemical research has impact on nutrition and preventive medicine.
One major prerequisite for the maintenance of health is that there be optimal dietary intake of a number of chemicals; the chief of these are vitamins, certain amino acids, various minerals, and water.
Because much of the subject matter of both biochemistry and nutrition is concerned with the study of various aspects of these chemicals, there is a close relationship between these two sciences. Moreover, as attempts to curb the rising costs of medical care, more emphasis is being placed on systematic attempts to maintain health and forestall disease, i.
Thus, nutritional approaches to-for example-the prevention of atherosclerosis and cancers are receiving increased emphasis. With increase in the knowledge and skill and development of human economy there was a gradual increase in carbon dioxide content. Increase in carbon dioxide is attributed to large scale deforestation and will lead to increase in sea level causing submergence of coastal regions.
Burning of coal, oil and petroleum adds sulphur dioxide to the atmosphere. Lead, carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide are added to the atmosphere from automobile exhaust. These gases result in acid rain which affects aquatic life, example acid rain in industrial regions of Europe and North America.
Even now substances which were not present previously, are introduced into the air, water and soils.
Relationship between biochemistry and medicine
The most dangerous one is radioactive substance spewed into the atmosphere by nuclear explosions. They have adverse effects on organisms including man and cause death, impairment of limbs, diseases and psychological disorders. The catastrophe of nuclear disaster at Chernobyl in Ukraine is a burning example of adverse environmental effects of use of minerals like uranium, thorium etc. The environment has already been degraded to such an extent in certain areas that people are forced to migrate.
They are facing scarcity of resources like food and energy. Man's impact on environment has resulted in pollution of environment which not only affects air, water and land but also organisms of biosphere. The main points summing up the impact of man on environment are: Water pollution-leakage of petroleum from huge ships and oil tankers into the sea, causes oil slicks which spread rapidly over water and spell disaster to marine life and to human depending on marine resources.
The leakage of tons of crude oil near Spanish coast inleakage of crude oil off Alaskan coast in are a few examples of the many such incidents which tell the impact of negligence and failure of technology on environment.
The most widespread source of water pollution is disposal of sewage of urban centers into rivers. The Ganga and Yamuna are polluted in this way and the same rivers provide domestic water supply as well. Ocean waters are polluted by discharge of sewage from cities located along the coast.
Land degradation-dumping of solid waste from urban centers and waste materials from mining centers renders the land unsuitable for any use. Surface run-off from such areas pollutes streams and ground water seepage. Saline encrustation of irrigated lands is another example of land degradation. In the semi-arid region, wind action causes deposition of sand on a large scale over cultivated land rendering them unfit for cultivation.
This marks the beginning of the process of desertification. Depletion of resources-population growth in the recent past has resulted in rapid depletion of all kinds of resources. The most striking example of such resource depletion is the food deficit faced by about countries of the world. Forest and soil resources are getting depleted at a fast rate owing to population pressure.
Depletion of resources is most significant in respect of non renewable mineral and power resources. The world is facing energy crisis as existing oil resources may last for a few decades.
Though coal reserves are adequate for a few centuries but it cannot replace oil, especially for transport. Humans have come to realize that their economic activities are threatening their survival on earth.
Their survival depends on their realization that they have to live in harmony with the various elements of environment which are interconnected.
Relationship between biochemistry and medicine - Sulhazan
An understanding of the components and processes which take place in environment, the relationship between biotic and abiotic components, and the assessment of resources with reference to need of people in a region is essential for their survival. If you have a bachelor's degree in biochemistry how long do you take to study medicine?
If you are referring to a medical doctor, you must satisfy all the prerequisites required by medical schools; some of which would include to following.