Biosphere and geosphere relationship trust

Carbon cycle and geosphere-biosphere interactions

biosphere and geosphere relationship trust

biosphere/geosphere interface in terrestrial systems to be .. The water balance model uses the ratio of the areas of the recharge TRUST is a sister code of. At the next level we address the problems posed by cross-scale interactions central to the state and function of the geosphere and biosphere, where processes. The biosphere also known as the ecosphere is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems. It can also their relationships, including their interaction with the elements of the lithosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. .. on decomposition of ozone talking to Harry Kroto Nobel Laureate by the Vega Science Trust.

Earth Systems Interactions

Earth science also known as geoscienceis an inclusive term for all sciences related to Earth geology, meteorology, oceanography, etc. Although environmental and earth science cover essentially the same material, environmental science places greater emphasis on the biological realm, while earth science places greater emphasis on the physical realm.

The geosphere consists of the core, mantle and crust of the Earth. The hydrosphere contains all of the solid, liquid and gaseous water on Earth, extending from the depths of the sea to the upper reaches of the troposphere where water is found.

Ninety-seven percent of the hydrosphere is found in salty oceans, and the remainder is found as vapor or droplets in the atmosphere and as liquid in ground water, lakes, rivers, glaciers and snowfields. Although the four systems have their unique identities, there is substantial interaction between them.

Environmental scientists study the effects of events in one sphere on the other spheres. For example, a volcanic eruption in the geosphere may cause profound direct and indirect effects on the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere as follows: This event altered the surrounding environment, and provided scientists with an opportunity to study the effects of volcanic eruptions on the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.

Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

Such studies are vital because volcanic eruptions will continue to occur, and will have increasing impact on humans as people continue to settle lands closer to dormant volcanoes.

For example, some of the tools within finance, such as derivative models and high speed trading, have been called "weapons of mass destruction" by Warren Buffet.

Four Spheres Part 1 (Geo and Bio): Crash Course Kids #6.1

Algorithms should be flexible, adaptive and context-aware Algorithms that shape the biosphere should be created in such a way that they can be reprogrammed if serious repercussions or unexpected results emerge. Other systems are designed for a context that may change while the algorithm stays fixed.

Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

We cannot predict the future, but we often design and implement algorithms as if we could. Still, algorithms can be designed to observe and adapt to changes in resources they affect and to the context in which they operate to minimize the risk of harm. Algorithms should be open, malleable and easy to maintain. They should allow for the implementation of new creative solutions to urgent emerging challenges.

Algorithms should be designed to be transparent with regards to operation and results in order to make errors and anomalies evident as early as possible and to make them possible to fix. Also, when possible, the algorithm should be made context-aware and able to adapt to unforeseen results while alerting society about these results. Algorithms should help us expect the unexpected Global environmental and technological change are likely to create a turbulent future.

biosphere and geosphere relationship trust

Algorithms should therefore be used in such a way that they enhance our shared capacity to deal with climatic, ecological, market and conflict-related shocks and surprises. This also includes problems caused by errors or misbehaviors in other algorithms - they are also part of the total environment and often unpredictable.

biosphere and geosphere relationship trust

This is of particular concern when developing self-learning algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data. Such algorithms should not only be designed to enhance efficiency e. Known approaches to achieve this are diversity, redundancy and modularity as well as maintaining a critical perspective and avoiding over-reliance on algorithms.

Also, algorithms should not be allowed to fail quietly. For example, the hole in the ozone layer was overlooked for almost a decade before it was discovered in the mids. The extremely low ozone concentrations recorded by the monitoring satellites were being treated as outliers by the algorithms and therefore discarded, which delayed our response by a decade to one of the most serious environmental crises in human history.

biosphere and geosphere relationship trust

Diversity and redundancy helped discover the error. Algorithmic data collection should be open and meaningful Algorithms, especially those impacting the biosphere or personal privacy, should be open source. The general public should be made aware of which data are collected, when they are collected, how they will be used and by whom.

The Biosphere Code Manifesto

As often as possible, the datasets should be made available to the public - keeping in mind the risks of invading personal privacy, and made available in such a fashion that others can easily search, download and use them. In order to be meaningful and to avoid hidden biases, the datasets upon which algorithms are trained should be validated.

Algorithms enable us to achieve this potential; however, at the same time, they also entail great risks to personal privacy, even to those individuals who opt out of the datasets. Without a system built on trust in data collection, fundamental components of human relationships may be jeopardized. Algorithms should be inspiring, playful and beautiful Algorithms have been a part of artistic creativity since ancient times.

In interaction with artists, self-imposed formal methods have shaped the aesthetic result in all genres of art.

biosphere and geosphere relationship trust

For example, when composing a fugue or writing a sonnet, you follow a set of procedures, integrated with aesthetic choices. More recently, artists and researchers have developed algorithmic techniques to generate artistic materials such as paintings and music, and algorithms that emulate human artistic creative processes.

Algorithmically generated art allows us to perceive and appreciate the inherent beauty of computation and allow us to create art of otherwise unattainable complexity. Algorithms can also be used to mediate creative collaborations between humans. But algorithms also have aesthetic qualities in and of themselves, closely related to the elegance of a mathematical proof or a solution to a problem.

Furthermore, algorithms and algorithmic art based on nature have the potential to inspire, educate and create an understanding of natural processes.

We should not be afraid to involve algorithmic processes in artistic creativity and to enhance human creative capacity and playfulness, nor to open up for new modes of creativity and new kinds of art.

Algorithms should be used creatively and aesthetically to visualize and allow interaction with natural processes in order to renew the ways we experience and understand with nature and to inspire people to consider the wellbeing of future generations. Aesthetic qualities of algorithms applied in society, for example, in finance, governance and resource allocation, should be unveiled to make people engaged and aware of the underlying processes.

We should create algorithms that encourage and facilitate human collaboration, interaction and engagement - with each other, with society, and with nature.