The Incredible Story Of Chanakya’s Revenge Which Brought Down An Entire Empire
Chandragupta Maurya (reign: c–c. BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in After unifying much of India, Chandragupta and Chanakya passed a series of . In another work, Questions of Milinda, Bhaddasala is named as a Nanda .. He maintained friendly relations with Greek governors in Asia and Egypt. This is my attempt to put some light on the bondage of companionship between Chanakya (c B.C.) and Chandra-gupta Maurya (born. Important facts and objective questions on Mauryan Empire and its rulers empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya by.
Some time after, as he was going to war with the generals of Alexander, a wild elephant of great bulk presented itself before him of its own accord, and, as if tamed down to gentleness, took him on its back, and became his guide in the war, and conspicuous in fields of battle.
Sandrocottus, having thus acquired a throne, was in possession of India, when Seleucus was laying the foundations of his future greatness; who, after making a league with him, and settling his affairs in the east, proceeded to join in the war against Antigonus. As soon as the forces, therefore, of all the confederates were united, a battle was fought, in which Antigonus was slain, and his son Demetrius put to flight.
John Selby Watson, XV. Always lying in wait for the neighboring nations, strong in arms and persuasive in council, he acquired Mesopotamia, Armenia' Seleucid ' CappadociaPersisParthiaBactriaArabiaTapuriaSogdiaArachosiaHyrcaniaand other adjacent peoples that had been subdued by Alexander, as far as the river Indus, so that the boundaries of his empire were the most extensive in Asia after that of Alexander.
The whole region from Phrygia to the Indus was subject to Seleucus. He crossed the Indus and waged war with Sandrocottus [Maurya], king of the Indians, who dwelt on the banks of that stream, until they came to an understanding with each other and contracted a marriage relationship. Some of these exploits were performed before the death of Antigonus and some afterward. Kosambi, Seleucus appears to have fared poorly, having ceded large territories west of the Indus to Chandragupta.
Alexander deprived the Ariani of them, and established there settlements of his own. But Seleucus Nicator gave them to Sandrocottus in consequence of a marriage contract EpigamiaGreek: He ruled for 60 years. From him, Vindusara was born and ruled for the same number of years as his father. His son was Ashoka. As Nanda and his family were leaving the city on a cart, his daughter saw Chandragupta, and fell in love with the new king.
She chose him as her husband by svayamvara tradition. As she was getting off the cart, 9 spokes of the cart's wheel broke. Interpreting this as an omen, Chanakya declared that Chandragupta's dynasty would last for 9 generations. Chanakya approved the marriage, and Parvataka collapsed when he touched the girl during the wedding.
Chanakya asked Chandragupta not to call a physician. Thus, Parvataka died and Chandragupta became the sole ruler of Nanda's territories.
Chanakya learned about a weaver who would burn any part of his house infested with cockroaches. Chanakya assigned the responsibility of crushing the rebels to this weaver.
Chandragupta Maurya Biography - Facts, Life History, Reign, Administration, Death
Soon, the kingdom was free of insurgents. Chanakya also burned a village that had refused him food in the past. He filled the royal treasury by inviting rich merchants to his home, getting them drunk and gambling with a loaded dice. Two young Jain monks started eating from the king's plate, after making themselves invisible with a magic ointment.
Chanakya sensed their presence by covering the palace floor with a powder, and tracing their footprints. At the next meal, he caught them by filling the dining room with thick smoke, which caused the monks' eyes to water, washing off the ointment. Chanakya complained about the young monks behavior to the head monk Acharya Susthita. The Acharya blamed people for not being charitable towards monks, so Chanakya started giving generous alms to the monks. Chanakya decided to prove to him that these men were not worthy of his patronage.
He covered the floor of the palace area near the women's rooms with a powder, and left the non-Jain monks there. Their footprints showed that they had sneaked up to the windows of the women's rooms to peep inside. The Jain monks, who were assessed using the same method, stayed away from the women's rooms. After seeing this, Chandragupta appointed the Jain monks as his spiritual counsellors. The king, unaware of this, once shared his food with Queen Durdhara. Chanakya entered the room at the instant she died.
The Incredible Story Of Chanakya’s Revenge Which Brought Down An Entire Empire
He cut open the dead queen's belly and took out the baby. The baby, who had been touched by a drop "bindu" of the poison, was named Bindusara.
However, Subandhu wanted to become a higher minister and grew jealous of Chanakya. So, he told Bindusara that Chanakya was responsible for the death of his mother.
Bindusara confirmed the allegations with the nurses, who told him that Chanakya had cut open the belly of his mother. An enraged Bindusara started hating Chanakya. As a result, Chanakya, who had grown very old by this time, retired and decided to starve himself to death. Meanwhile, Bindusara came to know about the detailed circumstances of his birth, and implored Chanakya to resume his ministerial duties. After failing to pacify Chanakya, the emperor ordered Subandhu to convince Chanakya to give up his suicide plan.
Subandhu, while pretending to appease Chanakya, burned him to death. Subandhu then took possession of Chanakya's home. Chanakya had anticipated this, and before retiring, he had set up a cursed trap for Subandhu.
He had left behind a chest with a hundred locks. Subandhu broke the locks, hoping to find precious jewels. He found a sweet-smelling perfume and immediately inhaled it. But then his eyes fell on a birch bark note with a curse written on it. The note declared that anybody who smelled this perfume will have to either become a monk or face death.
Subandhu tested the perfume on another man, and then fed him luxurious food something that the monks abstain from. The man died, and then Subandhu was forced to become a monk to avoid death.King Porus UnHappy Over the Rising Power of Chandragupta Maurya & Chanakya
Both are based on a now-lost Prakrit-language Brihatkatha-Sarit-Sagara, which itself is based on the now-lost Paishachi language Brihatkatha by Gunadhya. Vararuchi identified with KatyayanaIndradatta and Vyadi were three disciples of the sage Varsha. Once, on behalf of their guru Varsha, they traveled to Ayodhya to seek a gurudakshina guru's fee from king Nanda. As they arrived to meet Nanda, the king died.
Using his yogic powers, Indradatta entered Nanda's body, and granted Vararuchi's request for 10 million dinars gold coins.
The royal minister Shakatala realized what was happening, and had Indradatta's body burnt. But before he could take any action against the fake king Indradatta in Nanda's body, also called Yoganandathe king had him arrested. Shakatala and his sons were imprisoned, and were given food sufficient only for one person. Shakatala's sons starved to death, so that their father could live to take revenge. As the king's character kept deteriorating, a disgusted Vararuchi retired to a forest as an ascetic.
Shakatala was then restored as the minister, but kept planning his revenge. One day, Shakatala came across Chanakya, a Brahmin who was uprooting all the grass in his path, because one blade of the grass had pricked his foot.
Shakatala realized that he could use a man so vengeful to destroy the fake king. He invited Chanakya to the king's assembly, promising himgold coins for presiding over a ritual ceremony. But the day Chanakya arrived at the king's court, Shakatala got another Brahmin named Subandhu to preside over the ceremony. Chanakya felt insulted, but Shakatala blamed the king for this dishonour. Chanakya then untied his topknot sikhaand vowed not to re-tie it until the king was destroyed.
The king ordered his arrest, but he escaped to Shakatala's house. There, using materials supplied by Shakatala, he performed a magic ritual which made the king sick. The king died of fever after 7 days. He anointed Chandragupta, the son of the real king Nanda, as the new king in Kshemendra's version, it is Chanakya who installs Chandragupta as the new king.
Mauryan Empire Ashoka | Bindusara Maurya | Chandragupta Maurya and Chanakya | Playquiz2win
Shakatala also appointed Chanakya as the royal priest purohita. Having achieved his revenge, he then retired to the forest as an ascetic. Its date is uncertain, but it anachronistically mentions the Hunaswho invaded northern India during the Gupta period. Therefore, it could not have been composed before the Gupta era. Therefore, most of it appears to be pure fiction, without any historical basis.
For this reason, Chanakya vowed not to tie his top knot shikha until the complete destruction of Nanda. Chanakya made a plan to dethrone Nanda, and replace him with Chandragupta, his son by a lesser queen. Chanakya engineered Chandragupta's alliance with another powerful king Parvateshvara or Parvataand the two rulers agreed to divide Nanda's territory after subjugating him.
The army invaded Pataliputra Kusumapura and defeated the Nandas.
Another such reference claims that a wild elephant which was destroying anything and everything on its way was controlled by Chandragupta Maurya. When it comes to Chanakya, there are no shortages of mystical legends. It is said that Chanakya was an alchemist and that he could turn a single piece of gold coin into eight different pieces of gold coins.
In fact, it is claimed that Chanakya used alchemy to turn a small wealth of his into a treasure, which would later be used to buy a large army. This very army was the platform on which the Maurya Empire was built. It is also said that Chanakya was born with a complete set of teeth, which had the fortune tellers predicting that he would become a great king. This act of his got the fortune tellers predicting again and this time around they told his father that he would become the reason behind an establishment of an empire.
Personal Life Chandragupta Maurya married Durdhara and was leading a happy married life. Unfortunately, during the last stage of her pregnancy, queen Durdhara consumed some of the food which was meant to be served to Chandragupta Maurya. Chanakya, who entered the palace at that time, realized that Durdhara would no longer live and hence decided to save the unborn child. The Renunciation When Bindusara became an adult, Chandragupta Maurya decided to pass on the baton to his only son Bindusara.
After making him the new emperor, he requested Chanakya to continue his services as the chief advisor of the Maurya dynasty and left Patliputra.
He renounced all worldly pleasures and became a monk as per the tradition of Jainism. He traveled far into the south of India before settling down in Shravanabelagola present day Karnataka. Death Around BC, under the guidance of his spiritual guru Saint Bhadrabahu, Chandragupta Maurya decided to give up his mortal body through Sallekhana.
Hence he started fasting and on one fine day inside a cave at Shravanabelagola, he breathed his last, ending his days of self-starvation. Today, a small temple sits on the place where once the cave, inside which he passed away, is believed to have been located. Legacy Chandragupta Maurya's son Bindusara succeeded him to the throne. Bindusara fathered a son, Ashoka, who went on to become one of the most powerful kings of the Indian subcontinent.
In fact, it was under Ashoka that the Maurya Empire saw its complete glory.
The empire went on to become one of the largest in the entire world. The empire flourished across generations for more than years. Chandragupta Maurya was also responsible in uniting the most of present day India.
Until the establishment of the Maurya Empire, this great country was ruled over by many Greek and Persian kings, forming their own territories.