BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Sample answer
But the students love Elizabeth Bennet and her relationship with Darcy and If, together, Elizabeth can develop her Darcy side and Darcy his Elizabeth and from his judgment, information, and knowledge of the world, she. A key passage in reviewing Elizabeth's growth is Chapter 36 when we see her mistaken understanding of Wickham and Darcy while reading Darcy's letter. She is very kind-hearted and we see this in her relationships with. Elizabeth is entirely justified in developing a dislike for Darcy (2), because on their very first in his pride" (5), Wickham begins to recount his relationship with Darcy. Elizabeth is aware how much her feelings for Darcy have altered, as the .
Darcy's mode of proposing to her provides a suitable occasion for her to fully express her sense of being offended by his behavior, her anger regarding Jane and her dislike because of his treatment of Wickham. Elizabeth rises to a peak of self-justification and self-righteousness.
His first proposal marks the turning point. Up to now Elizabeth has acted by confidently asserting her inherited personality with full force. From this point forward, self-awareness begins to dawn on her; she becomes progressively more conscious of her own errors and deficiencies and eventually to feel a deep sense of regret. That passage from confident self-assertion to self-conscious regret is the path of her psychological progress a painful transition which ultimately qualifies her for high attainment and brings about the conditions necessary for her accomplishment.
Her honesty and frankness of character are powerfully displayed in her response to Darcy's letter. She recognizes the vanity, folly and absurdity of her own behavior and feels totally ashamed. At first, she doubts the truth of what he says about Wickham and is further enraged by his effort to further justify his interference in Bingley's relationship with Jane. But gradually she is forced to concede that she had been wrong about Wickham and rashly unjust in her judgment of Darcy's character.
She begins to re-evaluate her own sense of judgment, of which she had formerly been so proud. She is forced to acknowledge the truth of Darcy's descriptions of her mother's and sister's behavior and even to concede that her father did not assert himself sufficiently to keep their shameless vulgarity in check. The insistence of Lydia and Mrs. Bennet that her youngest sister be permitted to go to Brighton and her father's refusal to prevent it made her concede that Darcy's objections regarding her family were well-founded.
Perhaps she also recognized that her initial dislike for Darcy was at least in part because his presence reminded her of the real inferiority of her connections. I, who have prided myself on my discernment! I, who have valued myself on my abilities! How humiliating is this discovery! Had I been in love, I could not have been more wretchedly blind! But vanity, not love, has been my folly.
Pleased with the preference of one, and offended by the neglect of the other, on the very beginning of our acquaintance, I have courted prepossession and ignorance, and driven reason away, where either were concerned. Till this moment I never knew myself. Chapter 36 When Elizabeth visited Pemberley, the last vestiges of her prejudice against Darcy were removed by the housekeeper's effusive praise of her master, by the magnificence of the estate and by Darcy's own gracious courtesy to her and the Gardiners.
Above all she was moved by a deep sense of gratitude to him for loving her still and so well that he was willing to forgive her petulant rude manner at Rosings. Her mind had come full circle from caustic abuse to warm appreciation for his character and behavior.
But that mental reversal was not sufficient.
For a deeper problem remained. She still was not ready to fully accept the truth of her own family origins in her depths or to reconcile it with her surface attraction to Darcy. News of Lydia's elopement provided her the occasion for that deeper introspection and reversal. Suddenly the worst accusations that Darcy had made paled into insignificance before the blatant facts of Lydia's behavior and the public disgrace that would ruin the marriage prospects and lives of all five sisters.
Confronted by this irremediable circumstance, Elizabeth was honest enough to recognize her own contribution to the calamity that had befallen on the family. Had she only revealed the truth about Wickham, none of this would have happened. The pain of public humiliation and personal loss was sufficient to fully awaken in her a keen sense of her own deficiencies and those of her family along with a sincere regret for her poor judgment and foolish behavior.
It was this deeper psychological change - not just in thought or in action but in the depths of her emotions - that qualified her for high accomplishment. It was not Elizabeth's innate capacities or endowments that made her eligible for marriage to Darcy. It was the genuine psychological effort she made to honestly recognize what she was. That sincerity was sufficient to elevate her consciousness and evoke the responses from life which culminated in the Lydia's marriage to Wickham, Jane's to Bingley and her own to Darcy.
Before her marriage could be consummated she had to undergo the outrage and humiliation of personal confrontation with Lady Catherine. The attack on her character and her family brought out her strength.
The unprovoked attack by Darcy's aunt was a precise response of life to her unprovoked attack on Darcy at the Netherfield ball. Life demanded she physically undergo the blind taunting abuse to which she had earlier subjected her future husband.
The large gap in social position between Elizabeth and Darcy is a real, tangible barrier. It requires great strength of personality for Elizabeth to overcome that barrier and qualify psychologically for the marriage. Lady Catherine provided her that occasion. Collins proposal to Elizabeth has become famous in the world of literature. Elizabeth's confrontation with Lady Catherine is equally memorable. It requires tremendous courage, strength and psychological effort for a twenty year old girl, whose younger sister has recently eloped, to standing up and face the wrath of a domineering personality of higher social position.
The resourcefulness of Elizabeth's reply and the presence of mind she exhibited in that interview are magnificent. It was not enough that she possessed the strength in potential. It was necessary that she express it in order for its full force to act in her life.
Lady Catherine gave her the occasion. Directly after being rebuffed by Elizabeth, Lady Catherine went to Darcy and recounted the substance of the encounter.
When Darcy heard how Elizabeth had responded, he realized there was a chance that her feelings for him might have changed. Elizabeth passed through several stages of growth. She first came to recognize the fallibility of her own judgments and then to discover truth in another person's perspective which she had summarily rejected.
She came to recognize the deficiencies in her own family and personal behavior. She came to recognize that what she had once perceived as inconceivable or distasteful was what she now most desired in life. She withdrew her aggressive and provocative behavior.
She abandoned her false sense of pride in her judgment and prejudice against others. She gave up blaming others for her misfortune, accepted responsibility for the events that had occurred, and developed a deep sense of regret for them. Elizabeth's psychological awakening was virtually forced upon her by the calamity of Lydia's elopement. She did not consciously take initiative to change her attitudes or her behavior. These changes were thrust upon her by the force of circumstances and self-knowledge.
She came to the point of recognizing that she had been wrong and regretting what she had done, but she never actually came to the point of deciding to change or become a better person. Darcy's Reversal Consider the formidable obstacles that confronted Darcy in his aspiration to marry Elizabeth.
First was her own instinctive dislike for the man when they first met at the Netherfield ball which was aggravated by his discourteous remarks to Bingley which Elizabeth overheard. Next Wickham's slanderous lies about him which Elizabeth so willingly absorbed in her attraction to the soldier and disdain for the gentleman. Then his active interference in the relationship between Bingley and Jane, which was accidentally disclosed to her by Fitzwilliam's at Rosings.
All this pales into apparent insignificance compared to profoundly insulting manner of Darcy's first proposal to her and Elizabeth's rude rebuttal that he was the last person she would ever marry.
Further insults were heaped in Darcy's letter when in self-justification he feels compelled to expose the vulgar behavior of Elizabeth's younger sisters, mother and father. And were not this more than sufficient to void any possibility of their marriage, Lydia's scandalous elopement with Darcy's worst enemy surely must end all speculation.
BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Love and Marriage
The fact that Darcy and Elizabeth did ultimately marry is a dramatic and true to life representation of the power of psychological reversal. In Darcy's case the path of progress began with a similar process of psychological introspection, self-knowledge and regret for what he was and what he had done. But it did not stop there.
Darcy travelled the full path from awakening to reversal. He not only recognized his deficiencies. He also took conscious efforts to change both his attitudes and behavior and express that change in ways that made him directly confront all in him that resisted his growth.
Darcy first perceived Elizabeth in terms very near to her initial perception of him. He saw what was objectionable in her family background and failed to perceive the opportunity she represented for his own happiness.
Once he awoke to the beauty of her fine eyes, he was so blindly immersed in his own sense of self-importance and his own view of the situation that he never considered for a moment that she might find him objectionable or refuse his proposal.
Knowing that Elizabeth's mind had been poisoned by Wickham, it did not occur to him that he needed to expose Wickham's lies before proposing to her. Knowing that he had interfered in Bingley's relationship with Jane, it never occurred to him that Elizabeth might resent or refuse him on that basis.
Even when he proposed to her, he seemed to be unaware how rude and crude was the manner of his address until she so boldly rejected it and expressed her true feelings. It had not occurred to him that the woman he was proposing to might have a view different from his own! Darcy's path to growth began in ignorant self-immersion and an arrogant sense of his own self-importance.
Darcy was naturally repelled by the crude vulgarity of Elizabeth's mother and younger sisters.
The Development of the Darcy-Elizabeth Relationship
But, so strong was his attraction to her that he felt compelled to propose in spite of his intense distaste for her family. Rather than resolving the conflict within himself, he simply decided that his need for her was greater than his objections to her family.
This was not sufficient for him to win her. His growth began with a recognition that he could desire something which might be considered objectionable from another point of view. But accomplishment demanded much more. First he had to come to recognize that his own desirability as a marriage partner might be subject to dispute.
That was a big blow to his self-esteem. After fully justifying himself to her in the letter at Rosings, he was forced to reflect on his own behavior and concede that it was far from perfect. He also had occasion to reflect on the condescending offensiveness of his aunt, Lady Catherine, and to realize that the lower classes had no monopoly on poor manners. When a person grows psychologically, what once appeared to be right or appropriate comes to be viewed as wrong or inappropriate.
Darcy believed that when he wrote the letter to Elizabeth he was calm and cool. He firmly believed that he was obliged to tell her the truth about the behavior of her mother and sisters, even though he knew it would give her pain. He felt no need to apologize for what he said. He emphatically declared in the letter that even his concealment of Jane's presence in London from Bingley was done for the best. By the time Darcy came to propose to Elizabeth a second time, he was sorry he had ever written that letter.
He was ashamed of it and wanted the letter to be burned. He now understood that a gentleman who points out the defects of another person ceases to be a gentleman. It never occurred to Collins that a cultured person would be sensitive even to the mention of such things. Darcy undergoes that change, whereas Collins and Mrs. The sense of self-righteousness in the position of each is vital.
The vital man feels it is always right. It requires mind to set a standard and evaluate one's own position objectively.
Darcy's progress was growth from the vital to the mental; rather, from negative vital to positive mental consciousness.
Over time the intensity of Darcy's attraction to Elizabeth compelled him to examine his own character and behavior more closely. He became conscious of the gap between the ideals with which he had been raised and his actual behavior. Like Elizabeth he came to genuinely regret his indiscrete behavior. But he went further. He also decided to change himself.
When he met Elizabeth and the Gardiners at Pemberley, they were both visible impressed by Darcy's spontaneous courtesy and graciousness. It became evident even to Elizabeth that Darcy maintained the love he had expressed for her at Rosings. She may see and judge for herself, but often these judgements are based on appearance rather than reality, on her strong emotions, not on rational thought.
The two main targets for her prejudice are Darcy and Wickham. Afterwards, however, she delights in provoking him, and when he is denounced by Wickham, she is more than ready to believe the accusations made about him.
For the next twenty chapters! He has already hinted that she only hears what she wants to hear. She also realises that she has been guilty of the same fault she accused Darcy of having — pride. This is a crucial moment in the novel which marks her realisation of her faults and her decision to change.
Although she is still angry with Darcy, from this point on in the novel we see that she has changed and we see that she does try to see things clearly and without pride. She admits her faults to Jane, tells Wickham she knows the truth about him, tries to work out her problems honestly and rationally, and from now on values Darcy.
It is her ability to do this which makes her the heroine of the novel. Faced with the truth about herself, realising she has been badly affected by both her pride and her prejudice, she accepts the fact, thinks about it and acts on her conclusions. She has, in effect, become a mature adult. Her views on love and marriage also change.
Jane Austen uses Elizabeth to show us the mature, ideal marriage, and by contrasting through her eyes other, less worthy marriages, we ourselves learn what is best. Elizabeth, at first, seems very clear about what she expects from a relationship.
The Development of the Darcy-Elizabeth Relationship – NEOEnglish
As she tells Charlotte, she is not seeking a husband, let alone a rich one. She slowly learns that her prejudice has led her astray. She needs to learn this before she can take a realistic view of marriage as a social union and become the responsible mistress of Pemberley. His marriage to Charlotte works because it is balanced, and all that remains now is for Elizabeth to meet her equal — quite literally she too must meet her match!
Elizabeth needs a real partner, like Darcy. The fact that she dislikes and provokes him in the early part of the novel may well be a sign of her attraction, but Elizabeth does not admit this. Her view of marriage also begins to change. The inequalities between herself and Darcy are eventually overcome, and Elizabeth betters herself by marrying Darcy. However, she never takes advantage of this. Seeing Pemberley marks the start of her affection for Darcy because there she begins to appreciate his real character, rather than simply his wealth.
She defeats Lady Catherine first, defending the right of Darcy and herself to choose their own partner. Her courage here against the formidable Lady Catherine surely encourages Darcy to propose again. Her relationship with Darcy is sound. They communicate well, give each other mutual support and affection and generally are good for one another.
She has found her true partner, with whom she can live at Pemberley, her true home. When the beauty fades, the marriage suffers.
He spends a lot of time in his library to avoid his wife. Charlotte Lucas and Mr Collins This is a practical marriage not based on either love, mutual attraction or shared interests. Lucas marries Collins because he can provide a home and financial security. She then arranges her home so she can avoid her husband as much as possible.
Collins marries her after being rejected by Elizabeth simply because he feels society expects him to marry. Wickham and Lydia In perhaps the most depressing marriage of all, Wickham's an immoral rogue [rogue:Pride & Prejudice (6/10) Movie CLIP - Elizabeth's Pride (2005) HD