The Rules of Being Australian • Senses of Cinema
"Deadly Unna Point Summary" Essays and Research Papers this book, and I have made a point always not to say that it is about race relations — or, indeed, .. His friendship with Dumby Red and his interactions with girls in particular with Clarence and Cathy .. He mistakenly trusted Montresor all the way to his death. The film was adapted from the novels Deadly, Unna? and Nukkin Ya by Phillip In particular, it deals with the issue of racial relationships through the central The film ends with Blacky and Clarence jumping into the lake and swimming in They are chased by criminals and corrupt police and can only trust each other. 2 Australian Rules is adapted from Philip Gwynne s book, Deadly Unna? It s about relationships: between fathers and sons, mothers and sons, husbands Blacky and his family live in The Port where the whites live. . Why are Clarence and Gary drawn closer after Dumby s death? THEME: God wants us to trust Him.
It no longer implies that the artist has reached the pinnacle of his or her craft. In the same manner as abstraction or collage, where another set of principles other than those which appear upon the surface of the work are alluded to, representation is understood as a device. The intersection between two definitions of representation can elucidate this problem. Under the rubric of philosophical discourse, the definition of representation provides a theoretical point of departure for a number of schools.
Thus film as a medium enters the discourse of representation at a time when the always-already notion of the fixed and knowable universe has dissipated.
Within the tradition of democracy, the two meanings are conceptually equal and thus, considering the shift in our understanding of representation in the aesthetic sense, it makes sense that the latter meaning is a site of contention within the sphere of politics.
Democracy as a concept is based on representation. That is, in cities or countries where more than ten people live, it is thought that the best way to run a functional society is to apportion tasks so that everyone contributes their field of expertise to the smooth running of society overall. Thus the roadmaker makes roads useful to everyone, the artist makes work that represents the universal experience, the doctor prescribes treatments applicable to the whole society.
The role of the politician and you can be forgiven for having forgotten this in recent times is to administer these functions and to make decisions on behalf of the whole. In order for politicians to make decisions that serve everyone best, it is desirable that they represent all interest groups in society, ensuring that the interests of one group does not predominate to the detriment of others.
Hence we must have men and women representatives, black and white representatives, rich and poor representatives, queer and straight. Even within this simplistic diagram of the democratic process and how political representation works, it is clear that equal representations have been largely absent. Women did not have the vote in most countries until the beginning of the 20th century; indigenous populations waited, on average, another 60 years for the franchise.
Given this context, the representation of one blackfella does come to stand for the whole and this representation becomes encoded within visual culture as a stereotype.
If the reader thinks this unproblematic, especially in regard to films like Walkabout or Yolngu Boy, imagine a world in which Romper Stomper Geoffrey Wright, was one of the few depictions of white Australians alongside The Boys Rowan Woods, Though not necessarily inaccurate per se, they are limited depictions nonetheless.
Australian Rules approaches the issue of representation by operating from a first person perspective — the narrator is a whitey named Gary Black or Blacky Nathan Phillips — which operates as a third-person narrative for the Aboriginal community. In this way, the community is represented, but not from a position of interiority or knowing.
Pretty drives off into the distance, Clarence and Dumby with him, and we do not see them again until the next game. Within a system that idealises representation, though, this is asking too much. We cannot at once promote the liberal humanist subject as one that gains political agency through representation, whilst denying some subjects this form of historical representation. This means that he trusts Blacky enough to understand his sarcasm, suggesting that within the bounds of their friendship Dumby and Blacky both experience an agency that they do not experience at home or in the game.
Yet it seems that the film is telling us that there are pockets of human relationship where enfranchisement is possible, via the realist technique of presenting these pockets or slices of life in extensive detail, pockets that contrast with the wider social backdrop. Attempts to redress the imbalances of representation are bound to be fraught. Identity politics is fragile ground, not least because attempts to universalise representation have been found lacking.
The tragic shooting incident is a crucial element in the narrative, but only a small part of the film. During the making of the fi lm, the fi lmmakers attempted to consult with the Point Pearce community. Not all issues were able to be resolved. However, this film is a piece of fiction, not a documentary.
Had the film-makers been making a documentary of the incident, no doubt the film would be very different to what we see on the screen now. Some very important issues were raised through the consultation process however not all of these issues were able to be resolved. The film-makers have learned a great deal from this experience and would probably go about the making of the film in a different way if they were able to repeat the process.
As well as raising awareness about dealing with different cultural sensitivities, this process has also raised issues about the rights of story tellers to interpret and pass on their own stories according to their ideas of integrity and honesty. In spite of concerns from some groups, other Aboriginal people have been very positive about the fi lm, including close family members of the boys who were shot. One of the Indigenous actors in the film, Kelton Pell, believes the film s story needs to be told, as it is one of loyalty and friendship in the midst of racism.
Attempts to ban it are misguided. Australian Rules is a study of a fictional small town where racism does exist, and where members of the local population, both black and white behave in dysfunctional ways. But the fi lm does promote the view as Neill says, that meaningful reconciliation is a two-way street. Many of these activities could be completed either as oral or written tasks with the whole class, or in small groups or as individual work.
Firstly, write down a few of your own thoughts about Australian Rules.
Deadly, Unna? by Phillip Gwynne | Misrule
Write a short description of your reactions to the film and then compare your descriptions with other class members. What do you think are the key themes? How would you describe the genre of the The director, Paul Goldman says the film is, about all the kinds of courage it takes to grow up in a country that still refuses to. It s about taking a stand, about the re- 3 sponsibilities of manhood and nationhood. It s about relationships: It s also about the courage it takes to love.
I wanted to make a film about this big secret country we live in. I planned the film to be an emotional hijack light and frothy, laidback and joyous, but with some dark seeds sown in. What do you think Paul means when he says that the film is about all the kinds of courage it takes to grow up in a country that still refuses to.
Suggest why he refers to Australia as this big secret country? Is Australian Rules light and frothy? What are the dark seeds sown in? In If Magazine, AugustJo Litson describes Australian Rules as a funny, sad, scary and poignant story with a powerful message; a moving ode to reconciliation.
What do you think are the powerful messages in the story? Blacky and his family live in The Port where the whites live. Dumby lives out at The Point, the Aboriginal community.
How would you describe the town? Why would so many of the shacks have been built from fibro-cement and corrugated iron in these coastal communities?
In Variety Review, 29 JanuaryDavid Rooney says the film depicts the setting as a static community cut off from the world, representing but never overstating the typical small town fauna of faded, putupon women and boozy bigoted men.
What scenes in the film help to depict the film as cut off and isolated? Which of the women could be described as put-upon? Which of the men are boozy and bigoted? How do they demonstrate their bigoted attitudes? What is meant by the expression Arks used when he said, don t drop your bundle over this when Carol is arrested? Darcy says to Gary, pull up a pew? What does he mean?
List other expressions used in the film drawing on colloquial expressions. Darcy is the epitome of an ocker character. What is an ocker?
The Rules of Being Australian
What are his gents and how does he produce them? What advice does his give to Gary about tactics on the eve of the Grand Final?
We hear Blacky say, We ve made the Grand 4 Final, the biggest thing to happen to this town since we won the second prize in the South Australian Tidy Towns competition. The film begins as a wry football comedy. What impressions do you form about the focus of the film and what it is about at the start? How is the comedy generated at the start of the Arks could be described as the ultimate ocker.
Do you agree with this description? One of the strengths of the characterizations in the film is that they are so different and varied. Do you agree or disagree with these statements? Discuss these views with other class members, with reference to particular characters including Arks, Bob Black, Gary, Dumby, Clarence and Darcy.
Gary Black Gary Black, or Blacky as he is known, is the sixteen-year-old Goonya whitefella whose experiences are central to the film s story.
Gary is the second eldest in a large rowdy family. Unlike the other boys, Gary reads voraciously and is obsessed with improving his vocabulary. When the Aboriginal player Carol is arrested prior to the championship final, Blacky is promoted to the key position of ruckman. Gary is central to the whole story of Australian Rules.
Write your own description of Gary and then compare what you have written with other class members. Gary s two main friends are Pickles and Dumby Red. Explain the very different relationships Gary has with the two boys. Write a description of Pickles and Dumby Red as though you are expressing Gary s viewpoint about their characters and qualities. Why does Gary have problems with his father? Why doesn t Gary fi t with his peers and community? What makes him different? Why is Gary so upset about the Grand Final celebrations?
Why was it so important to Gary to attend Dumby s funeral? Why do you think Gary and Clarence were drawn to each other? Do you think Gary was brave? Discuss your answer with reference to various scenes in the film. Dumby Red Dumby is a Nunga blackfella who lives on the Aboriginal mission nearby. He is the star of the football team. Dumby could be described as the cool, charismatic Aboriginal kid.
Australian Rules (film)
Why or why not? Write your own short descriptions of Dumby and compare them with others in the class. Why do you think Dumby was cheated out of the Best on Ground medal and it was given instead to the white coach s son? Why might Dumby have gone to the break-in at the pub? Why were Dumby and Gary such good friends? Pickles Pickles takes on the role of harmless deviant and anti-hero in the film.
Do you agree with this description of Pickles? What other words would you use to describe Pickles? Why is he in so many ways a sad character? Why does Pickles try to white ant or undermine Darcy? What might have motivated him to sabotage Darcy s business? But the mood soon changes when the police arrive and take Carol Cockatoo away.
What impressions do we gain of Arks coaching ability? How does he try to pump the team up? How does the mood change when the police arrive? Why was Blacky promoted to the ruck? How do we know that Pretty has grudges against members of the white 5 community at this early stage in the Gary s family life How does Gary s mother try to keep some respectability and order in the household?
How do we know she is interested in football tactics? Why do you think Gary is so frightened when his father asks him to cut the net off the propeller? Why does Bob call him a gutless wonder? What sort of relationship does Gary have with his brother and other siblings?