Discuss line and staff relationship

Difference Between Line and Line & Staff Organization (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences

discuss line and staff relationship

Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is This relationship automatically ends up the line official to take better and balanced decision. also provide wrong decisions which the line executive have to consider. By contrast, staff relationships exist when a manager gives/receives advice Consider the organisation in which you work, or one with which you are familiar. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. A " line function" is For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. " compulsory consultation" in which line managers must consider the staff person's advice.

Line and Staff Organization

Line Authority Power of command remains with the line executive and staff serves only as counselors. Merits of Line and Staff Organization Relief to line of executives- In a line and staff organization, the advice and counseling which is provided to the line executives divides the work between the two.

The line executive can concentrate on the execution of plans and they get relieved of dividing their attention to many areas. Expert advice- The line and staff organization facilitates expert advice to the line executive at the time of need. The planning and investigation which is related to different matters can be done by the staff specialist and line officers can concentrate on execution of plans.

Benefit of Specialization- Line and staff through division of whole concern into two types of authority divides the enterprise into parts and functional areas.

discuss line and staff relationship

This way every officer or official can concentrate in its own area. Better co-ordination- Line and staff organization through specialization is able to provide better decision making and concentration remains in few hands. This feature helps in bringing co-ordination in work as every official is concentrating in their own area. Benefits of Research and Development- Through the advice of specialized staff, the line executives, the line executives get time to execute plans by taking productive decisions which are helpful for a concern.

This gives a wide scope to the line executive to bring innovations and go for research work in those areas. This is possible due to the presence of staff specialists.

Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)

Training- Due to the presence of staff specialists and their expert advice serves as ground for training to line officials. Line executives can give due concentration to their decision making. Handling complex managerial functions The necessity of having the advice of qualified staff specializes in various areas of an organization can scarcely be overemphasized, especially as operations become more and more complex.

Assisting in decision-making Managers are now faced with the necessity of making decisions that require expert knowledge in matters like environmental issues, strengths, and weaknesses of the organization, so on and so forth. Relieving an over-burdened top executive Staff specialists devote their time to think, to gather data, and to analyze them on behalf of their busy superiors. It is a rare top level executive, who has the time, or will take the time, to do those things that a staff specialist can do so well.

An escape clause for staff specialists Staff specialists only propose a plan; others must make the decision to adopt the plan and put it into operation. This creates an ideal situation for shifting blame for mistakes.

Line and Staff Organization

The staff will claim that it was a good plan and that it failed because the operating manager was inefficient and ineffective. Line authority being undermined Operating line managers represent the main line of the organization and they also gain a degree of indispensability.

discuss line and staff relationship

The staff specialists may, however, forget that their value lives in the extent to which they strengthen line managers and also that they are to counsel and not to order. They need to remember that if they undermine line authority, they risk becoming expendable.


As a matter of fact, if there is an expendable person in an organization, it is most likely to be the staff specialist. Large organization with a number of employees.

Definition of Line Organization Line organization, as the name suggests, is an organization wherein a direct vertical relationship between the superior and subordinate exists.

It relies on the scalar principle, which encompasses that authority flows downward, i.

discuss line and staff relationship

When it comes to the quantum of authority, it is highest at the foremost level, which tends to decrease at each following level. This type of organization is characterised by a direct chain of command, which is like a thread that passes through all the members of the organization. So, who is responsible for what and who is accountable to whom is defined, that is to say, subordinates work under the supervision of the superior.

discuss line and staff relationship

Definition of Line and Staff Organization Line and staff organization is the organization that combines the merits of line and functional organization, by adding the functional specialist to the line organization.

Here, line authority stays same, as in the case of line organization and it flows downward.

discuss line and staff relationship