American Center Movie Screening Night | U.S. Embassy in Eritrea
On July 30th Eritrea agreed to restore diplomatic relations with Somalia; there is talk of mending Will wearable devices make us healthier?. The American Center's May Movie Nights continued with a well-attended screening of the film “Imitation of Life” hosted by the U.S. Embassy. Ethiopia and Eritrea are no longer at war, the neighbours said in a joint statement on Monday, Ethiopia and Eritrea's trouble relationship.
A new era of peace and friendship has been ushered [in]. The declaration echoed comments made by Abiy at a dinner hosted by Isaias late Sunday, where he said diplomatic, trade, transport and communications ties would be re-established and borders reopened.
Meskel hawelti July 8, There was no sign of that animosity on Sunday. Abiy stepped from an Ethiopian Airlines plane at the airport in Asmara to be greeted by Isaias, the two men embracing before they strode off along a red carpet. Once a province of Ethiopia that comprised its entire coastline on the Red Sea, Eritrea voted to leave in after a decades-long, bloody independence struggle. The break rendered Ethiopia landlocked, and the deterioration of relations due to the continuing cold war forced Ethiopia to rely on Djibouti for its sea trade.
Free movement across the border will also unite, once again, two peoples closely linked by history, language and ethnicity. The UN decision awards chunks of land along the border, including the flashpoint town of Badme, to Eritrea.
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Ethiopia had rejected the ruling and continues to occupy the town, sparking a heated rivalry between the two countries that has over the years erupted in gunfire. Eritrea has used the threat of Ethiopian aggression to justify repressive policies, including an indefinite national service programme the UN has likened to slavery.
He has released prominent dissidents from jail and also announced the partial liberalisation of the economy. Last month a grenade was thrown at a rally the prime minister addressed in the capital Addis Ababa.
However, Ethiopian troops have yet to withdraw from the disputed territories along the border, and many of the Ethiopian residents of Badme are against ceding their town to Eritrea.
Eritrea launches a war for independence that lasts nearly 30 years. They install a government, gaining de facto independence. Eritrea gains full independence in Maya secession blessed by Addis Ababa. However the 1,km border between the neighbours is not properly defined.
In May skirmishes break out after Eritrean forces enter the area around Badme, claiming the town under borders drawn during Italian colonial rule. Asmara's support for Somali-based rebel groups made it an international pariah and target of a regime under UN sanctions.
Although Eritrea is not the only actor to engage in such actions Ethiopia harbours a dozen Eritrean rebel groupsthe consequences have been particularly severe for Eritrea.
This is mainly due to its choice of allies in Somalia, which happened to be at loggerheads with much of the regional and international community. President Isaias Afwerki's inability to play the diplomatic game and persuade the international community to support, or at least understand his viewpoint, created conducive conditions for the late PM Zenawi - who succeeded where Afwerki failed.
The main concern for policy-makers in Addis Ababa is no longer Asmara's military capacity, but rather the possibility of Eritrea plunging into chaos. This fear is apparently so daunting to Ethiopia that it may prefer a reformed Eritrean government led by People's Front for Democracy and Justice PFDJrather than the insecurities of a violent power transition next door. Delicate issue of Bademe At the heart of the stalemate are symbolic politics and domestic constraints on both sides - of which the contested border town of Bademe is an embodiment.
It is very possible that the EPRDF will hand over the symbolic town of Bademe to Eritrea - which was awarded to the latter by the EEBC - but it can only get away with such a move domestically by selling it as a necessary sacrifice for a comprehensive and durable peace.
The fact that the individuals leading the current Ethiopian government did not take part in the decision-making processes of the border war and subsequent peace agreement, means that they are less constrained by the commitments of their predecessors.
For President Afwerki, on the other hand, the stakes are much higher. In fact, resolving the stalemate is likely to create more challenges than benefits to his personal power base.
Ethiopia and Eritrea: Brothers at war no more
The suspension of the parliament and the constitution, the universal and indefinite military conscription policy, and in general, the system of one-man rule have all been justified by the need to counter the " Ethiopian threat ". A settlement of the border issue would eliminate the rationale for maintaining this system and would undoubtedly lead to new domestic demands for addressing the nation's many political and humanitarian problems.
It is now time to think about what the relationship between these two states will look like without the two omnipresent strongmen that have heavily shaped their histories.
The cultural and political intimacy and sense of fraternity that developed during their time as rebel movements led both parties to delay institutionalising the relationship between their newly established regimes in - and thus made possible the border war.
These sentimental aspects also played an important role in making the conflict prolonged and eventually intractable. This sense of "intimacy" has also had some positive implications. One such effect is the preferential treatment given to Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia - who now number aroundpeople.
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Eritrean refugees - provided that they satisfy certain criteria - are given residency and work permits and the opportunity to study in Ethiopian universities as opposed to refugees from other neighbouring countries. Around 1, university scholarships have so far been offered to Eritrean refugees. In Addis Ababa and other urban centres, it is even more challenging to arouse interest for Eritrean affairs among the average Ethiopian.