Ethiopia–Russia relations - Wikipedia
At that point, the Soviet Union adopted Ethiopia as its main ally in the Horn of In the economic sphere, Addis Ababa had close aid and trade relations with the. Discusses the state of affairs in Soviet Bloc-Ethiopian relations, briefly charting other socialist states' involvement with Addis Ababa during that period. of the record of pre-Revolutionary Russian-Ethiopian relations: 1. The technical aid received by Ethiopia from Russia to the extent that the technical progress of.
The arms were accompanied by a small group of Russian military trainers. Vulnerable fragile states, such as CAR, that have intense security demands and requirements, are the sorts of place that the Russians are looking to improve their market share.
Some of these relationships are of a security nature, whilst others are more business-related. Some countries even exhibit a dual relationship, where both economic relations and geo-security relations are forged. Russia in Sudan The relationship between Russia and Sudan is by no means new. For decades, there were economic, political and military relations between the two countries.
Russia, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, along with China, opposed initiatives to send peacekeeping missions to Darfur, although Sudan itself accepted the peacekeeping mission through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in In addition, Russia has been a major arms supplier for a considerable time. The plan aimed to enable the Sudanese military to counter any threat.
The programme regarding the development of the Sudanese military, is therefore a mere continuation of a historical trend. The project is part of a plan to generate more than MW by During the same trip al-Bashir blamed the US for the secession of South Sudan inand claimed that the US was now planning to split the rest of Sudan into five countries. Al-Bashir apparently also discussed the establishment of military bases on the Red Sea coast with President Putin and his defence minister.
It is reported that al-Bashir also offered Sudan as a gateway into Africa for Russia. In a recent development, Sudan invited Russian companies to take part in the development of its oil industry. The Sudanese government offered Russian energy companies several oil sites, including both producing and untapped ones, as well as fields that are currently being developed by other foreign companies, whom the Russian players would help to increase production. Sudan has been eager to build an oil industry after the split with South Sudan when it seceded in The base is expected to be home to two destroyer-sized ships, four frigate class ships, two large submarine pens, two airstrips that can host up to six heavy aircraft and 15 fighter jets.
It is reported the naval base would be staffed by 1, people and service destroyers, frigates and submarines. The rumoured location of the base is outside Zeila city, in Somaliland. As the US and China both have military facilities in Djibouti, it should not be a surprise that Russia would want facilities there too. According to Dr Andrew Foxall, director of the Russia and Eurasia Studies Centre, the Horn of Africa is strategically important for a number of reasons, amongst others because it allows both power projection into the Middle East and influence over the Suez Canal through the Gulf of Aden.
The development of a facility in Somaliland could be seen as an attempt to build a blue-water navy.
According to the Qaran News, Russia is proposing that it will recognise the breakaway Republic of Somaliland in return for being allowed to establish the base. It also reported that Russia will ensure security in the breakaway country by training the Somaliland military. Given that Djibouti was becoming cramped for space, and the relatively long distance between Port Sudan and Ethiopia, Russia might have decided to build a base in Somaliland as an alternative entry to Ethiopia, with whom Somaliland is allied.
Russia and Egypt held their first joint naval drills in Juneand military exercises in October In lateEgyptian-Russian civilian air traffic was halted by Russia after a bomb went off aboard a Russian jet over the Sinai Peninsula, killing all of its passengers. For Egyptian tourism insiders, this decision will revive Russian tourism to the Red Sea coastal cities.
According to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism, Russian tourists numbered between 2.
Following the incident, Egypt has tightened security in its airports to satisfy Russian concerns. According to the Egyptian President, the return of the Russian tourists would reassure the world that Egypt is a country of safety and security. The area of the Russian industrial park on the Suez Canal was expanded from 80 to 2, hectares, and has a friendlier tax regime for resident Russian firms. Construction of the park will start in Most of the money will come from private investors.
Russia had selected East Port Said to establish the industrial park in Egypt. However, they have not yet commented at a similar level of intensity on the expansion of Russia in West, East and North Africa. InChina finished work on its military barracks in Djibouti, with a capacity for up to 10, personnel, more than the combined number of soldiers and special forces at the French and US bases in the country.
Over the next several months, about 17, Cuban and 1, Soviet military personnel arrived in the country and were deployed to the Ogaden front.
The return of Russia to Africa - New African Magazine
This aid turned the tide in favor of Ethiopia by early As had the regime of Haile Selassie, the Derg accorded its international image and territorial integrity the highest priority in its foreign policy. Opposition groups had forced the regime to rely extensively on the Soviet Union to maintain itself in power and to preserve the country's territorial integrity.Ethiopia visit Soviet Union 1979 - Anthems
However, by there was evidence that the Soviet Union had decided to cut back military assistance to Ethiopia and to press for political solutions to that country's several civil conflicts. By that time, there were fewer than 1, Soviet advisers in Ethiopia and a total of about 2, advisers from Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, East Germany, and Poland.
Furthermore, all Cuban troops in the Ogaden had withdrawn, and the Cuban military presence in Ethiopia had dropped to fewer than 2, Although Ethiopia was dependent on the Soviet Union for military assistance and sided with it in the international diplomatic arena, Addis Ababa on numerous occasions demonstrated its independence in the area of domestic policy and international economic policy.
For instance, the Derg procrastinated in setting up a vanguard party despite Soviet pressure to do so.
The return of Russia to Africa
Once the party was formed, it was dominated by former military personnel, again contrary to Soviet wishes. In the economic sphere, Addis Ababa had close aid and trade relations with the West and pursued a pragmatic investment policy.
Although Mengistu eschewed any talk of Ethiopian-style glasnost, Ethiopia could not escape the global impact of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms.