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Frodo is a landowner and head of a household. "Master" is just a respect title, Sam isn't owned by Frodo in any sense. "Master" (in our use) has. They love each other so much and they hold hands often. . I felt that the physicality of Sam and Frodo's relationship grew as the story. Frodo Baggins, son of Drogo Baggins, was a Hobbit of the Shire during the Third Age. He was, and still is, Tolkien's most renowned character for his leading role.
Apparently the power of friendship is what has made the book so appealing to generations of readers for the last sixty years. However, being a fantasy book and moreover, a prototype of fantasy, the relationships in The Lord of the Rings are hardly ever seriously analyzed. It is as if the mere fact that it involves unreal, supernatural characters such as elves, hobbits or ents make it impossible for people to relate to them and consequently study their behavior towards each other in strictly human terms.
Therefore, in this thesis I would like to introduce a new insight on the interpretation of The Lord of the Rings that explores friendship as its major underlying motif.
I will concentrate on the relationship of Frodo and Sam, which is the most central to the whole story, since Frodo is the Ring-bearer. Is it an example of an ideal one and can it function as a role-model of friendship? The Relationship of Frodo and Sam The relationship between Frodo and Sam has always been the object of much discussion. However, there is something untypical about it, and that is the degree of their intimacy, which is not usually found in the master-servant bond.
But can it be really regarded as friendship? In the following pages I will examine the nature and development of their relationship in three different stages of their acquaintance. The first one is the time before Frodo set off from the Shire; the second represents the time while they were on the journey; and the final one lasted from when he returned home after the completion of the quest until he left the Middle-earth. He even taught his son Samwise to read and write.
Sam was nine years old then, and Frodo was twelve years his senior. He could have viewed Frodo as an older brother or even idolize him — like young boys look to teenagers just because they are older, stronger and daring. Tolkien never directly describes what his duties were, but from the later talk of his hobbit friends we can assume he did more than only gardening, which by that time had become only his minor job.
For example, since on their walk through the country Pippin once refers to Sam about the readiness of breakfast, it is apparent that preparing meals was also in his scope of work.
Simply put, Sam was a man of many parts — he did everything for Frodo, though not yet in as great a degree as later. Aristotle claims that the pleasure friendship arises from selfishness, and as the naming signifies, it is based on pleasure and beauty. It is born of physical or intellectual attraction and dies when the friend changes and ceases to be pleasant or nice to look at. The self-centeredness of such friendship means that I enjoy myself more when I am with my friend. Pleasure friendship is most closely tied to emotions.
It is characterized by a quick start and a quick end. It is typically maintained by young people who are easily driven by their momentary feelings. But what is it that makes a servant, a mere gardener, so devoted to his master? It is love, his love for Frodo. And love is an essential sign of friendship, for as the philosopher claims, friendship is actually one of the different kinds of love.
Moreover, his admiration for Frodo is very similar to present day worship of the leaders of certain social groups by young people, and that is an exact example of friendship of pleasure as understood by Aristotle. Likewise, Sam loved Frodo because his personality attracted him. He has ever thought him the wisest and kindest person in the world. He enjoyed serving him, because seeing Frodo happy made him happy, too.
However, here someone may object as to whether this is not also typical for the friendship of virtue — the true friendship.
It may seem so, since even Aristotle claims that these two kinds of friendship are much alike NE, book VIII, chapter 6but it has not been put through any struggle yet to test its strength; in peace everything is easier. The friendship seemed rather one-sided. Therefore, the friendship of pleasure fits it better. Frodo, being an orphan whose parents died when he was twelve years old, and who had been raised up by relatives who did not like him much because of his origin, must have felt lonely and neglected until his younger cousins grew up.
The Brandybucks, with whom he lived until Bilbo adopted him, disliked him because he was a Baggins like his father, coming from the western part of Shire. For the Hobbits living in the east part, such as Brandybucks who belonged to the breed called Stoors with a strong Fallohidish strain still to be noted within them, as they often claimed found the Hobbits from the western part belonging rather to Harfoots, as the Bagginses presumably were 1to be queer, and vice versa.
Therefore, even the Hobbits from Hobbiton where Frodo moved, did not really accept him. And their distrust was even greater because of the strange behavior of his uncle and his adventures.
In any case, it was not easy for him to make friends. Consequently, he must have enjoyed the attendance he received in Bag End from Sam. He must have been pleased that for a change someone admired him, in contrast with the suspicion of others. Yet his relationship to Sam was cooler.
Even though he treated him in a friendly way, from his point of view it was still more a master-servant relationship. This might also have been caused by the age gap between them, but when we consider the age of his other friends, most of them were even younger than Sam, so this could have had only a minor impact. Anyway, at this stage Frodo did not openly acknowledge Sam to be his friend. Unlike Sam, who seems to have no other known close friends except maybe the Cottons brothers, but we do not know how close they really wereFrodo had several.
His dearest friend, whom he loved the most, was definitely Bilbo because they were so much alike. However, being from older and richer families, Sam recognized them as superior.
But Frodo never named Sam as his friend individually, only collectively as a member of the conspiracy. The utility friendship is based on usefulness. A man makes friends with someone when he needs something from him. Its aim is primarily profit. Therefore, such friendship lasts only while the other person provides one with what is needed.
Aristotle says that this type of friendship is most typical for young children or old weak people, who cannot care for themselves on their own and need others to help them. However, it is not restricted only to these ages. It can, of course, occur in other periods of human life, too. Frodo needs or merely accepts his services, even though some of them he would be able to do on his own. Sam is a useful helper. The philosopher exemplifies this kind of friendship by the relationship of host and guest NE, book VIII, chapter 3which is like a short-term equivalent of the master-servant relationship.
For even if people who pursue friendship because of utility called the object of their need a friend, it would not be meant sincerely. But by this I do not want to say that Frodo was selfish, only that is was not necessary for him to call Sam his friend when his relationship to him was not so deep yet.
But in spite of his somewhat cooler attitude, sometimes Frodo already showed some deeper concern about Sam, as he did for his friends, which would not be expected from a master towards his servant were their relationship only formal. For instance, after their first meeting with Elves in the Shire, he doubted whether it was good idea to take him along when he knew his journey led only through peril. Well, after all those years spent with him around and knowing what a big affection Sam had for him, it was natural that his relationship to him grew into something more than only a utility friendship.
Development of Their Relationship during the War of the Ring As the story proceeded, we see that their relationship slowly changed. Since they were bound to spend whole days together and rely on each other in pursuit of their quest, such change is natural and only to be expected.
Their intimacy increased and their mutual affection was strengthened by all the struggles they went through. Yet the change is not the same on both sides. The journey provided an opportunity for him to show his care for his master in a new way, unlimited by the peaceful environment of their home and everyday duties.
As has been explained, his relationship to Frodo was a friendship of pleasure, for he took pleasure in helping Frodo, being around him and serving him. Sometimes it may even seem that although younger in age, Sam cared about him like a parent cares for a child. From the very beginning he watched anxiously over his security and wellbeing.
The purpose of everything he did was to help Frodo as much as he could, and this carried on throughout the story. As he said, he would never mean any harm to Frodo. So even if he did something that he first perceived as contradictory to his love, like when he joined the conspiracy with Pippin and Merry to spy on Frodo, or when he was eavesdropping on his talk with Gandalf, it was only with the best intentions.
This happened in the beginning because he was a simple, inexperienced person; until this time he had never traveled farther than twenty miles away from his home. But later, as he became more aware of life behind the borders of his little country, he realized that a merciful lie or concealment of the truth was harmless and even necessary if he did not want to trouble his master. So he often used it as they neared Mordor; for instance, when he did not speak the truth about their dwindling food or that he saved his share for Frodo.
After this he somehow felt responsible for Frodo. And partially from this promise, in combination with his devotion to his master, there results a determination to follow Frodo no matter what, and his already mentioned willingness to give his life for him, although yet he had no clear idea what peril may await them.
Nonetheless, he made a pact with himself to never leave his master, motivated by some unidentifiable inner feeling that he has to do something before the end.
He confessed it when Frodo, after considering that he should not lead his friend into unknown danger but rather go on his own because the Ring is his alone, indirectly offered him a chance to rethink his decision and stay in the Shire.
I never mean to. Sam even implemented this literally when he actually accompanied Frodo everywhere he went.Frodo and Sam's GAYEST moment
This statement was the first open demonstration of his conviction, and though it is evidently a motivation of all his doings, it manifested itself in two more situations that were crucial for the subsequent development of the plot. In the former case, he could have stayed in Rivendell with Elves, since until now meeting them has been his greatest dream and also the original though only assumed reason of his coming with Frodo, or rest there for some time and then return to Hobbiton.
But although he had already gained some notion of how dangerous this journey will be, he preferred to go on. Similarly, in the second case he had a chance for a better destiny than to plod through dying land, starving, straight into the hands of enemy. By now he was well aware of all the peril. He could have chosen an easier way and gone to Minas Tirith with Boromir and Aragorn At this point of time Sam did not know what happened to the rest of the Fellowship until he was reunited with them after the completion of the quest, and believed that the remaining seven would go to Gondor, since at least the men intended so from the beginning.
Nevertheless, he insisted on following his master, and when Frodo seemed to ignore him, he did not hesitate to jump into water to stop him, even though he could not swim.
- Queer Coded: Sam and Frodo ("The Lord of the Rings")
- Samwise Gamgee
- Frodo Baggins
But while in general his determination proved to be a lucky decision, in one instance it almost meant a definite end to the quest and an absolute disaster for the whole Middle-earth. It was in the passage of Cirith Ungol at the border of Mordor, when he thought his master dead after he had been poisoned by Shelob the giant spider.
He knew that he had to resume the quest. But even more hazardous was his resolution to go to the orc tower full of enemies and save his master when he found out he was only paralyzed.
Had he left Frodo to his own fortune and centered only on the task, the quest might have been completed earlier and maybe more easily. But his love for Frodo was bigger than his moral obligation to the Free Peoples of Middle-earth. Another quality that the journey revealed in Sam, which is closely related to his overall conviction, is vigilance.
Lord of The Rings - Relationship between Frodo and Sam Showing of 83
He became watchful and suspicious of every stranger from the very beginning, and its level remained constant throughout the entire story. While the other two younger hobbits developed their sense of wariness only slowly, with Sam it seems to come up as soon as they left Bag End.
But he actually proved right with Gollum. It began with the stubborn resolution that if anyone meant any harm to Frodo, he should first fight with him. But since it had not yet come to a direct confrontation with enemies, and there is no any evidence of them fighting with the Black Riders at Weathertop, it is not certain whether he would really be able to strike or give way to fear. But later, when Frodo was in immediate danger, he forgot his own fears or limitations, like in the scene at the Gate of Moria when Sam remained the only one with clear senses, not paralyzed by fear, and slashed the tentacle that grasped Frodo and tried to pull him underwater.
It has been already noted that at the beginning he thought him to be the best and cleverest person in the world.
Frodo and Sam’s Relationship in the Light of Aristotle’s Philia
However, by the time they reached Mordor, he admitted that Frodo was not always perfect and he not only found some of his decisions wrong, but no longer hesitated to show his disagreement openly.
Certainly, their opinions differed the most regarding whether or not to keep Gollum as their guide. But in spite of this change, they have become closer and more intimate than they were before the journey. Sam was still aware of the social difference between him and Frodo and recognized himself as inferior, yet even in this can be spotted a slight difference. Until their stay in Rivendell, he used it more frequently than after the forming of the Fellowship of the Ring.
Before departing for his journey to Rivendell, Bilbo had a long conversation with Gandalf, who finally persuaded him to voluntarily surrender the One Ring. Bilbo left it on the fireplace mantel with a note for Frodo, who would now become the next Ring-bearer. Coming of Age and Flight from the Shire Gandalf telling Frodo the story about the One Ring After the party finished, Frodo returned home and discovered that he was now the master of Bag End and the recipient of Bilbo's magic ring.
Gandalfever more curious about the ring's origin, power, and purpose but not yet positive it was the One Ringadvised the young hobbit against the using the ring.
For the next seventeen years, Frodo complied with the wizard 's request and hid the Ring in a safe place. Realizing that Sauron would be looking for the Ring, Gandalf advised the Hobbit to secretly follow Bilbo's journey to Rivendell.
After Frodo's discussion with Gandalf, a rumor started that he was running out of money. This rumor, although not begun by Frodo, was encouraged by him.
With the exception of his gardener Sam Gamgeewho had agreed to accompany him to RivendellFrodo told the other Hobbits of the Shire that he intended to move to Buckland. He sold his home to the Sackville-Bagginsand, on the September 23,the day after his fiftieth birthday, Frodo left from Bag End, taking with him Sam and Pippin. To Bree Frodo was unable to find much information about his pursuers from his conversations with the High Elves and Farmer Maggotbut what they were told was less than encouraging.
When Frodo arrived at Buckland, where Merry was waiting, he found that Merry and Pippin already knew about Frodo's "secret" journey. Frodo was left with no alternative but to bring the two youngsters with him. They cut through the Old Forest and the Barrow-downs in hopes of losing the Black Riders, which did succeed. They met other troubles in those places though, at the hands of Old Man Willow and the Barrow-Wightsbut were rescued twice by Tom Bombadila mysterious being who dwelled in a glade in the middle of the Old Forest.
Frodo went by the name of Mr. Underhillattempting to raise as little suspicion as possible. When he noticed a mysteriously cloaked Man sitting in the shadows and smoking a long-stemmed pipe, Frodo asked the innkeeper, Barliman Butterburwho the man was. The innkeeper referred to the man, a Rangeras Strider.
That night, black riders arrived in Bree and attacked the inn in search of Frodo and the One Ring, but Strider had managed to hide the Hobbits from them in time. Aragorn would be their guide to Rivendell, and he would lead them through the Midgewater Marshes and to the top of Weathertop. Weathertop Frodo is stabbed by the Witch-King 's Morgul-blade On the night of October the sixth, the Hobbits were attacked by five of the nine Ringwraiths at the hill of Weathertop.
Before Frodo left, he gave the estate of Bag End to Sam, as well as the Red Book of Westmarch for Sam to continue, hinting that Sam might also be allowed to travel into the West eventually. He was not seen again in Middle-earth, but Elanor and her descendants preserved the tradition that he went to the Grey Havens and sailed into the West. As the last of the Ring-bearers, he was entitled to sail across the Sea and be reunited with Frodo in the Undying Lands. Characteristics[ edit ] At the start of The Lord of the Rings Sam, typically for a hobbit, had never before ventured far from the immediate area where he lived.
Unusually for a hobbit, however, since childhood Sam was fond of legends and other fantastical stories. Sam was particularly interested in the Elves, and always hoped to one day see one. Sam was literate, having been taught by Bilbo and Frodo, which was unusual for most hobbits given their rustic culture.
Sam often showed a talent for poetry; after Gandalf's apparent death, Sam added to the poem that Frodo had written about him. Tolkien called Sam the "chief hero" of the saga in one of his letters: Sam and his descendants also became the keepers of the history of the War of the Ring in the form of the Red Book of Westmarch and upheld the memory of events that most 'ordinary' hobbits took little interest in.
Relationship with Frodo[ edit ] During the journey to destroy the Ring, Sam's relationship with Frodo exemplifies that of a military servant or batman to his assigned officer in the British Armyin particular in the First World War in which Tolkien had served as an officer, typically with his own batmen at different times. As John Garth has written: Officers had a university education and a middle-class background.
Working-class men stayed at the rank of private or at best sergeant. A social gulf divides the literate, leisured Frodo from his former gardener, now responsible for wake-up calls, cooking and packing Tolkien maps the gradual breakdown of restraint [through prolonged peril] until Sam can take Frodo in his arms and call him "Mr Frodo, my dear.
He did not think of himself as heroic or even brave, or in any way admirable — except in his service and loyalty to his master. Galbasi comes from the name of the village Galabas. The name Galabas uses the elements galab- meaning "game", and bas- corresponding somewhat to "-wich" or "-wick".