Senenmut, courtier of Hatshepsut
Senenmut was an 18th dynasty ancient Egyptian architect and government official. His name After Hatshepsut was crowned pharaoh, Senenmut was given more prestigious titles and became high steward of the king. Senenmut supervised. Who Were Senmut and Hatshepsut? He was Neferure's tutor and it would seem that the pair had a close and affectionate relationship, as he. Senenmut was, without doubt, the most important man in Hatshepsut's life. During his long career in the royal administration, he accumulated over ninety titles.
The king went forth to the sky and united with the gods. His son arose in his place as the king of the Two Lands, having assumed rulership on the throne of the one who had begotten him.
Dynastie, Leipzigpp. Dziobek, Das Grab des Ineni Nr. From that time on up to the twenty-first regnal year6 of Thutmose III Egypt, probably for the first time in her history,7 had two rulers reigning together.
Pa- pers from the Theban Workshopeds. Dorman, The Monuments of Senenmut: Quibell, Excavations at Saqqara: Hatshepsout et Thoutmosis III, [in: Kruchten, Bruxellespp. An Unorthodox Mantle of Coregency, [in: He was the eldest son of the couple having three bro- thers: Amenemhat, Minhotep and Pa-iri as well as two sisters: We do not know anything about the exact circumstances of his first encoun- ter with Hatshepsut, although it must have taken place already in the regency period.
Senmut – Courtier or Lover of Queen Hatshepsut?
Eine prosopographische Untersuchung, Hamburgpp. Win- lock, The Egyptian Expedition Rondot, Monpellierpp. Bradbury, The Tombos Inscription: For general information about early 18th dynasty military expeditions to Nubia vide A.
Spalinger, Covetous Eyes South: Dorman, The Tombs of Senenmut: Moreover, Senenmut is once called the one who followed the king in the southern, northern, eastern, and western foreign countries, who is pure of limbs among the Bowmen, the one who is granted with the gold of favour these words come from the statue found in the Mut precinct at Karnak, presently conserved in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, CG ; Urk. Dorman, The Monuments of Senenmut…, pp.
Anony- mous, Londonpl. Keller, The Statuary of Senenmut, [in: From Queen to Pharaoh, eds.
These intellectual capabilities induced Hatshepsut to appoint Senenmut to be the educator and the tutor to her daughter Neferu-Ra21 as the successor of Ahmose called Pen-Nekhebet and Senimen: He appointed me to be the overseer of his House to judge the Two Lands in their entirety because of my excellence upon his heart.
Dorman, Senimen and Senenmut: Translation based on the Egyptian text in: Hayes, The Egyptian Expedition — Dorman, The Tomb of Ramose and Hatnefer, [in: Leprohon, The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary, Atlantap. Dorman, The Mo- numents of Senenmut…, pp.
The Hatshepsut Trilogy - Her Majesty the King - Senenmut
For the office of the vizier in ancient Egypt vide E. Martin-Pardey, Wesir, Wesirat, [in: Westendorf, Wiesbadencol. The Case of User-Amun, [in: The date of this event is, however, mentioned in papyrus Turin ; Urk.
Beneath the bandages, the horse was wearing a linen and leather saddle cloth, indicating that it was ridden. The skeleton of the horse is that of a mare, quite tall for horses of the time. Some Egyptologists have questioned whether this horse actually belonged to Senenmut, since there were no inscriptions on the coffin. However, in the Eighteenth Dynasty, permission to use the necropolis was strictly controlled by the royal administration, and it is inconceivable that anyone other than Senenmut would have been allowed to bury anything in the vicinity of his tomb.
He would probably have been the only man in Egypt who could have afforded a burial for a horse anyway! He must have been extremely fond of this mare to have lavished such attention on her burial.
Most horses in ancient Egypt pulled chariots rather than being ridden. The ancient Egyptians considered horseback riding to be unseemly, and riding astride was extremely difficult since true saddles and stirrups had not yet been invented.
The only people normally shown riding horses were army scouts. For this reason, I believe that Senenmut began his career as an army scout, which means he would have been an accomplished horseman. Statues of Senenmut showing variable facial features Twenty-five statues of Senenmut have so far been discovered, more than almost any other non-royal individual in the history of ancient Egypt.
Although we ought to be able to tell what Senenmut looked like from all these statues, the facial features vary considerably.
Did Hatshepsut, Number-One Female Pharaoh, Have a Secret Lover?
However, several quick sketches of Senenmut, done on ostraca limestone flakes were found in the vicinity of his tombs. One ostracon closely resembles a hastily executed sketch of Senenmut on the wall of the corridor of his later tomb, TT Because these sketches are unflattering, Egyptologists believe that they are more likely to be accurate representations.
A double portrait of Senenmut However, one of the ostraca, shown above, bears a double portrait of Senenmut and gives us a crucial clue about his actual appearance.