The Catcher in the Rye
Jun 9, Throughout the book, Holden discusses the people he is close to. However, he has difficulty forming intimate relationships with new people. Why did it make Holden nervous that Stradlater was going out with Jane Gallagher? Holden What was the past relationship like between Holden and Jane?. Holden's Relationship with Women The novel “The Catcher in the Rye” by J. D. up for Jane and feels the need to protect her like the incident with Stradlater.
Why, in your opinion, does the writer end the story at the same place he has started it? One of the main themes is the problem of forming relationships. Holden often tells us how lonely he feels and desperately wants to befriend people.
From the beginning of his story he has problems with getting on with others. He is on his own when everyone else is enjoying themselves at a football match. His relationships are insecure: The first adult we meet, Mr Spencer, cannot understand Holden even though he seems to like him. The other important adult figure, Mr Antolini, also cannot understand him.
He wants to give him some advice about life but Holden just feels tired and cannot understand what is being said to him. His relationship with his parents seems distant, as if he thinks they do not really care about him.
His problems are mainly caused by their mutual inability to form a family relationship of trust and understanding. All through the novel Holden attempts to talk to people of all sorts, but his only meaningful ones are with the two nuns and his younger sister Phoebe.
Here he shows his true self. In all other conversations he lies or pretends to be someone else. He lies to Mrs Morrow on the train and tries to be sophisticated with the three girls in the Edmont hotel.
He remembers his conversations with people in the past more favourably. He tells us how he and his brothers were happy together as children. When he talks about Allie, we sense a closeness which is not there in present time. His other really significant relationship was with Jane Gallagher when they spent a summer together. In a way this is the closest Holden has come to being in love. His failure to contact Jane while he is in New York shows his inability to relate to anyone.
He is frightened of spoiling the memory of a good relationship and substitutes her to Sally, and their brief day out ends in another failed relationship for Holden. This is a typical response for a boy of his age. He is disillusioned with his world and rebels against it.
How does Salinger present Holden's relationship with women?
The society he lives in seems to him to be shallow phony and only concerned about material things; money is the most important thing and Holden feels that this is wrong.
This can be seen by the fact that the only two adults Holden feels empathy with are the nuns. Nuns have to give up material things and money; they take vows of poverty.
Holden thinks they are the only people who really care about other people. At the beginning we find ourselves in the enclosed little world of a boarding school with its rules. He mocks Mr Ossenburger, who became rich after leaving Pencey, and says that he is only regarded important because he is rich. All of the schools Holden has attended are for the rich and privileged. Many students would consider themselves lucky to have these opportunities, but Holden seems to feel guilt and anger at his situation and rebels against it.
Holden escapes to the world of NY which he often finds frightening. He immediately starts talking about perverts in the hotel where he stays. He has an encounter with a prostitute and gets beaten up.
All the worst moment take place in the city. The social and moral values of the people he meets in NY are portrayed as either corrupt or petty and snobbish. The places where he goes in search of company are full of people who are only interested in themselves and in how others see them.
As Holden sees it, they all let him down when he needs them: Throughout the novel, Holden is critical of the society in which he lives. The pressure on people to conform and be like others, puts enormous strain on him. He is portrayed as an outsider who tries to fit in but cannot. This is the dilemma that leads to his breakdown. Holden moves through three main environments: They all have an impact on him and he tries to escape from all these places.
At Pencey Prep he is a part of the community but is on the verge of leaving. He deals with the people he comes in contact with on an equal basis. He is secure and confident at the school even though he tells us that he does not like it, and the environment there seems to stifle him. Holden views the school as boring, trivial and phony. Although it is his fight with Stradlater which finally makes him leave, we often feel Holden wants to escape from the confines of school.
Holden cannot obey the rules and regulations which govern the boarding school environment. Salinger often makes the streets of NY a frightening place. One example of this is his description at the beginning of Ch. He will become one of the casualties of his environment, like many other city dwellers. The only place where Holden finds some moments of happiness is when he is in the Central Park or the museums nearby.
The park is a green space, a small piece of nature in a vast, manmade environment. The museums represent the past, a time when things were easier and not subject to the stresses and strains of a city life.
It is in the central park that he finally has a moment of true happiness, when he sees his sister riding the carrousel. It seems these places are innocent and untainted by man. In a way the park is a metaphor for the wide open spaces to which Holden dreams of running away.
It is also the place where the ducks live and Holden wonders where they go in winter when the lakes freeze. It could be a metaphor of his own situation: The different environments all have effects on his inner emotions: In the novel, Holden is at the age between childhood and adulthood. The difficulties which he has making this transition are the principal part of the story.
It is a type of story that shows a person developing from childhood to maturity, but not a conventional one. In some ways Holden is afraid of growing up. He seems unable to face the responsibilities which come as he gets older.
His answer to his problems is a typically childlike dream, to run away and have an adventure: The only other time he has seemed genuinely happy since then is the time spent with Jane Gallagher. These relationships were innocent ones, they happened before Holden saw how cruel the world could be.
His relationship with Jane was innocent. They played games together draughts, golf. Holden does not want to let this happy memories go and he idealizes his time with Jane.
His reluctance to phone her reinforces the sense that he does not want to see her grown-up because it would shatter his childhood memories. This is also clear from the fight with Stradlater: He is afraid that, because of Stradlater, Jane may have lost a part of her innocence and moved into the adult world.
They all end up in disaster or depression. His experience with the prostitute shows his innocence regarding sex, while she provides a contrast to his innocence.
She is roughly the same age as Holden and her life is already corrupted by the world in which she lives. His rounds of the clubs and bars all leave him depressed. He often retreats to the world of the imagination when things in the real world become too much for him. Examples of these are when he pretends to be shot and his great love for books and stories. His fantasies of life in the Far West, or in the mountains with Sally Hayes, show he is unable to face reality and that he still has the unrealistic dreams of a young adolescent.
Holden cares about the innocent aspects of the world which have not change since his childhood: His sister Phoebe, who is still uncorrupted by the adult world, is the only person to whom he can really relate. It is the innocent image of his sister riding a carrousel that finally makes him happy for a moment. What kind of a game is life? What does it mean to be true to yourself?
What does it mean to be a good person? Is it inevitable that we conform to the world and society we live in? What happens when a person does not accept the rules of the dominant culture? Is it possible to grow up and not become phony? Is it possible to protect everything that is precious to you?
Why are people cruel to each other? How do people respond to cruelty around them? Holden is the main character in the novel and we see the world through his eyes 1st person narrative.
He is a young man 16 at the time when the events he describes happen. He is on the verge of adulthood. His language is meant to be typical of a teenager of that time and this defines his character. He appears to be a witty individual who can also be irritating to those around him. He comes from a stable background and his parents are quite wealthy father is a lawyer, mother a housewife. They live in an expensive part of NY.
Catcher in the Rye: Intimate Relationships by Nicole Chen on Prezi
He has a younger sister, Phoebe, and two brothers, D. He is confused about much of the world around him and is disillusioned with life. His sense of unhappiness and depression increases as the novel progresses, until he has a nervous breakdown. We are shown that Holden has a strong sense of moral values which often clashes with those of people around him.
Holden has a vivid imagination and a love of books and stories in general. Although he claims he hates movies, he spends quite a lot of time pretending to be in them!holden and phoebe relationship essay
This frequent contradiction of himself is another trait of his character. He tries to behave like an adult by smoking and drinking, going out with girls and hanging in bars, but he is highly critical of others who are doing the same, and still yearns for his innocent childhood. Phoebe likes going to the movies and can tell a good film from a bad one.
She is an intelligent girl with an inquisitive nature and has a love fro writing stories. She seems to enjoy school and has lots of notebooks. Holden says she is a neat and tidy person and she seems very organized and grown-up for her age. She becomes a very important character towards the end of the novel.
For Holden she represents innocence and is a reminder of when life was happy at home. She is the main reason for Holden to eventually go home. Phoebe becomes very upset when she finds that Holden has been expelled from school again. This shows that she deeply cares about him. When he decides to run away, Phoebe insists on going with him. This also demonstrates the stubborn side of her nature. She is portrayed as a wise child, but one who still behaves in the manner which we would expect of a year-old.
Holden describes him as a popular and sensitive boy. He moved to Hollywood to write for film industry, which Holden thinks is a waste of his talent similar to prostitution. He visits Holden in hospital in California where Holden is recovering from his nervous breakdown and from where he is telling his story. His father is also mentioned in passing; he is a corporate lawyer who earns a high salary but alienated from the family.
He has the room next to Holden at Pencey Prep. He is not popular at school. He is a senior pupil but no-one seems close to him. Holden tells us he is not liked by anyone, including himself, and he has been prevented from joining different societies set up by the other boys. He is an outsider in many ways, just like Holden, but for different reasons.
Holden seems to realize that Ackley, like himself, has no-one to identify with. Ackley often tries to start a conversation or make friends with people but is ignored, just like Holden in NY. Stradlater is another character who is important at the beginning of the novel. He is described as handsome and popular with girls, someone who knows about the world and is sexually active. He has seduced girls in the past and Holden thinks he is one of the few students who has actually had sex.
He is represented as a contrast to Holden, who is an outsider, unable to behave in the way society dictates. Stradlater is important because he is the person who causes Holden to leave Pencey Prep early. Make a list of reasons why a high school student might flunk out of school?
The protagonist main character of The Catcher in the Rye uses the word phony frequently. What does phony mean? What kinds of people do you think are phonies?
Reading Assignment 1 - Chapter One Directions: Read the first chapter of The Catcher in the Rye online at http: Move the mouse over the underlined text to help you answer the following questions.
What type of narration is used in The Catcher in the Rye? Who wrote David Copperfield? Why do you think Holden referenced this particular novel? When do you think The Catcher in the Rye is set?
What does Holden mean when he calls D. What does Holden feel about movies? What is Pencey Prep like? How does Holden feel about school? Why does Holden go see Ms. Chapter 2 Study Guide Questions 1. Be as specific as possible. What does Holden describe as ironic about his appearance? Why is it ironic? Partly because I have a lousy vocabulary and partly because I act quite young for my age sometimes.
His descriptions of himself and quite important, so try not to miss any!. In what ways do you think Holden is unreliable as a narrator?
Find lines from the text that show how he says one thing when he means another. Why did Holden quit Elkton Hills? In the conversation between Holden and Mr. Spencer, who appears to be comforting whom? How is this ironic?
What do the people whom Holden seems to like have in common? Why does Holden think about the ducks in Central Park when he is with Mr. Chapter 3 Study Guide Questions 1. What does Holden mean when he says "I'm quite illiterate, but I read a lot"?
Give examples of what he reads. What does Ackley do that annoys Holden? On the surface, Ackley and Stradlater are complete opposites. Ackley is unpleasant to look at and be around; Stradlater is good looking and can be quite charming. But the truth is: For each of the following traits, find a similar trait in the other character.
Ackley Ackley's poor personal habits and hygiene. Stradlater's disparaging instructions to Holden asking him not to put all the commas in the right place. Ackley's disregard for other people.