Factors Influencing Strategic Employee Relations | badz.info
What is the relationship between employment relations and human resource Industrial relations initially begins with the employment relationship. Industrial Relations vs Human Resource Management. Difference Industrial relations initially begin with the employment relationship. The relationship between the employer and the downfall of the employer- employee relation-. ship. .. business to reduce industrial action there must be.
Unions have broad objectives which are: To secure improved terms and collections of employment for their members and maximum degree of security to enjoy these terms and conditions.
To obtain improved status for the worker in his or hr work. To increase the extent to which union can exercise democratic control over decision that affect their interest by power sharing at the nation, corporate and plant levels. Employers too, are directly involved in any dispute between them and the employees. The management has the right to hire and fire any worker, notwithstanding union restrictions. The management has the right to relocate, close, merge, takeover or sell a particular plant- these actions affect workers interests.
The management has another powerful weapon- introducing or threatening to use technological change can displace labour or annihilate skills. Armed with these rights, the management resorts to several tactics to break a strike, some of these even unethical.
Factors Influencing Strategic Employee Relations
The management is known to adopt dubious means to forego a strike, call off a strike, or tone down union demands. The management often breaks a powerful union, sets one faction against another, and and favors the more often breaks a powerful union, sets one faction against another, and favors the more satisfied and the less militant workers.
Loyal workers from sister concerns are brought in, on the pretext of a factory visit, and are induced into the plant and advised to break the strike. Another tactics employed by the management is to gain the loyalty of employees. The aim of this tactic is to convince the worker that the management has his or her interests at heart and can provide him or her with much the same benefits as the union. In general, managers tend to see employee relations in terms of the following activities: Creating and maintaining employee motivation.
Obtaining commitment from the work force. Establishing mutually beneficial channels of communication throughout the organization. Negotiation terms and conditions of employment with employee representatives. Sharing decision making with employees.
Engaging in a power structure with trade unions. The confederation of Indian industries CII is a powerful body at the national level which is doing an admirable job protecting and promoting the legitimate interests of owners of industries. The major objectives of employers association include: Representing employers in collective bargaining.
Developing machinery for the avoidance of disputes. Providing information on employee relation and to give advice.
Representing members on national issues. In a sense, government intervention in IR is as ID as the industry itself. However till the 19th century governments every where followed the laissez faire policy-they left IR to the managers and workers who were required to solve the problem themselves.
Towards the end of the 19th century, the attitude of the governments changed, and intervention became a reality. The state, as of today, regulates the relationship between the management and the labour and seeks to protect the interests of both the groups.
The government has set up wage boards, labour courts, tribunals and enacted laws to lay norms and to enforce their compliance. Judiciary and Employee relations: In addition, they are responsible for employee dispute resolution procedures, performing internal audits, and taking appropriate action to correct any employee relations issues. ILR Industrial and Labor Relations specializes in the fields of human resource management, labor relations, and dispute resolution.
The Center's mission is to foster research on the strategic role of HR management in such areas as employment, labor relations, public policy, diversity, and training and education. The Center supports its mission through research, regular meetings, information bulletins, and conferences and public forums. Importance of Industrial Relations: The healthy industrial relations are key to the progress and success.
Their significance may be discussed as under — Uninterrupted production — The most important benefit of industrial relations is that this ensures continuity of production. This means, continuous employment for all from manager to workers.
The resources are fully utilized, resulting in the maximum possible production.
There is uninterrupted flow of income for all. Smooth running of an industry is of vital importance for several other industries; to other industries if the products are intermediaries or inputs; to exporters if these are export goods; to consumers and workers, if these are goods of mass consumption. Reduction in Industrial Disputes — Good industrial relations reduce the industrial disputes.
Disputes are reflections of the failure of basic human urges or motivations to secure adequate satisfaction or expression which are fully cured by good industrial relations. Strikes, lockouts, go-slow tactics, gherao and grievances are some of the reflections of industrial unrest which do not spring up in an atmosphere of industrial peace.
It helps promoting co-operation and increasing production. High morale — Good industrial relations improve the morale of the employees. Employees work with great zeal with the feeling in mind that the interest of employer and employees is one and the same, i.
Every worker feels that he is a co-owner of the gains of industry. The employer in his turn must realize that the gains of industry are not for him along but they should be shared equally and generously with his workers.
In other words, complete unity of thought and action is the main achievement of industrial peace. It increases the place of workers in the society and their ego is satisfied. It naturally affects production because mighty co-operative efforts alone can produce great results.
Mental Revolution — The main object of industrial relation is a complete mental revolution of workers and employees. The industrial peace lies ultimately in a transformed outlook on the part of both.