BBC - Religions - Hinduism: Vishnu
Yes, Krishna did say in the Bhagavad Gita that He is Vishnu. The Bhagavad Gita states: Of the Adityas I am Vishnu, of lights I am the. Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with . But they do not make the distinction between Krishna and Vishnu on the . His avatars, asserts Vaishnavism, descend to empower the good and fight Vaishnava Upanishad, Vishnu Avatar, Composition date, Topics, Reference. Sri Krishna was Lord Vishnu. How can someone Related Questions (More Answers Below). What is the relationship between Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna ?.
Their poems in praise of Vishnu and Krishna in Tamil language are collectively known as Naalayira Divya Prabandha divine verses. Bhakti movement The Bhakti movement of late medieval Hinduism started in the 7th-century, but rapidly expanded after the 12th-century.
Even Meera bai princess of Mehwar and Rajasthan took part in this specific movement. Nimbarka and Ramananda in the 14th century, Sankaradeva in the 15th and Vallabha and Chaitanya in the 16th century.
Historically, it was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who founded congregational chanting of holy names of Krishna in the early 16th century after becoming a sannyasi. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada in According to Schweig, it is a "polymorphic monotheism, i.
As such Krishnaism is believed to be one of the early attempts to make philosophical Hinduism appealing to the masses. The belief in the supremacy of Vishnu is based upon the many avatars incarnations of Vishnu listed in the Puranic texts, which differs from other Hindu deities such as GaneshaSurya or Durga.
These forms include the different avataras of Krishna described in traditional Vaishnava texts, but they are not limited to these. Indeed, it is said that the different expansions of the Svayam bhagavan are uncountable and they cannot be fully described in the finite scriptures of any one religious community. Radha Krishna Radha Krishna is the combination of both the feminine as well as the masculine aspects of God.
Svayam Bhagavan - Wikipedia
Krishna is often referred as svayam bhagavan in Gaudiya Vaishnavism theology and Radha is Krishna's supreme beloved.
God is the Supreme Soul, and we are minute fragments emanating from Him. Due to our constitutional makeup, our natural disposition, or dharma, is to always be engaged in His service, tied to His hip through the bonds of love and devotion.
The Shrimad Bhagavatam states that Lord Vishnu, the four-armed form of the original Personality of Godhead residing in the Vaikuntha spiritual realm, is certainly God. For the benefit of mankind, He kindly descends to earth in various guises from time to time. Though these expansions, known as avataras, appear to be just like ordinary living entities, they are non-different from the original Lord. Therefore they are always completely spiritual, not tinged by the effects of material nature governed by the energy of maya.
While the Bhagavatam deals extensively with Lord Vishnu, His pastimes, His attributes, and His features, Lord Krishna, who possesses two arms and an all-attractive transcendental body, is also taken to be the original form of Godhead.
His home is in a spiritual land known as Goloka Vrindavana, which is similar in nature to Vaikuntha. Both Vaikuntha and Vrindavana are places where birth and death do not occur, therefore whoever lives there remains liberated from conditioned life. Lord Chaitanya, who is taken by great authorities to be an incarnation of Krishna, appeared on earth around five hundred years ago and preached worship of Krishna to be the topmost spiritual practice.
He was especially fond of the Shrimad Bhagavatam and another Vedic text known as the Brahma-samhita.
This treatise was compiled by Lord Brahma, the first created being who lives for billions and billions of years. Brahma is considered a demigod, or an elevated living entity. Since he too must go through birth and death, he is not considered to be on an equal footing with Vishnu.
Lord Brahma once compiled a great set of prayers in praise of Govinda, which is another name for Krishna. So simply based off the Shrimad Bhagavatam and Brahma-samhita, we can understand that Krishna is the origin of all forms of Godhead.
Lord Chaitanya also discussed in great detail the differences between Krishna, Vishnu, and other avataras. These discussions are found in the Teachings of Lord Chaitanya, and anyone who is further interested in this subject matter is advised to consult this wonderful text.
Since Lord Krishna is the original Personality of Godhead, reason and argument establish that His position is always supreme.
Though He stressed worship of Krishna, Lord Chaitanya never stopped people from worshiping Lord Rama, for in many instances He even helped devotees of Lord Rama increase their level of attachment to the jewel of the Raghu dynasty. There are many who take Krishna to be an incarnation of Vishnu, for this is actually mentioned in many texts, including in portions of the Shrimad Bhagavatam. In addition, probably the oldest book in the world is the Ramayana, which is a Vedic text which deals primarily with the life and pastimes of Lord Rama.
In chronological terms, Rama and other incarnations of Vishnu appeared on earth prior to Krishna. While the Vedic evidence presented by devotees of Krishna is certainly flawless and completely accurate, the claims of Vishnu being the original and Krishna being an expansion can also be justified by referencing several incidents from Vedic history. Bhumi Devi, the presiding deity of the earth, was feeling a great burden, so she kindly approached Lord Brahma to help her. Brahma then went to visit Lord Vishnu and asked Him to appear on earth.
Lord Vishnu then kindly obliged and also arranged to have Ananta Shesha Naga, the eternal servant of Vishnu, come to earth in the form of Lord Balarama.
This was to let His parents know that He was the Supreme Personality of Godhead appearing as their son. This actually points to another area of importance which we will discuss later on. When Krishna grew up to be an adult, while ruling as a king in Dvaraka, He spent much time with His cousins, the Pandavas.
The wives of Krishna | Devdutt
On one occasion, the Pandavas and Krishna met up with Markandeya Rishi, who was originally a great devotee of Lord Shiva, another powerful divine figure and devotee of Lord Vishnu. Markandeya Rishi explained to the Pandavas that during one particular kalpa, he had the benefit of remaining alive during the destruction of the earth. After everything was destroyed, only one person remained: Lord Narayana in the form of a young boy. After finishing his description, Markandeya told the Pandavas that the same Narayana was sitting in front of them as Krishna.
Vishnu and Krishna
I long to see You in that form. In this discussion, which is chronicled in the famous Bhagavad-gita, Lord Krishna repeatedly refers to Himself as God and as the divine entity. Yet Krishna at one point shows both the universal form and His four-armed form of Lord Narayana to Arjuna. Again, this speaks to the notion that followers of the Vedic tradition for thousands of years looked to Lord Vishnu as the original personality of Godhead.
Since Krishna is non-different from Vishnu, whether one takes Him as the original in lieu of Vishnu is not really important. This fact is reinforced by the dealings of the other primary avataras of Lord Vishnu. Lord Rama is worshiped as the Supreme Personality of Godhead by millions, and during His time on earth, He too often referred to Himself as God to His confidential associates.
In the original Ramayana, the poem compiled by Maharishi Valmiki, Rama mentions that in a future Yuga He will appear on earth as Govinda, which is another name for Krishna. In this way, we see that Rama is non-different from Krishna. Additionally, many sages desired to have intimate relations with Lord Rama, but since the Lord vowed to only have one wife, Sita Devi, He agreed to meet their requests in the future when He would come to earth as Lord Krishna.