WB Yeats: The influencers - badz.info
SO here, under airtight, light-shielding glass, is a notebook given to William Butler Yeats in by Maud Gonne, the beautiful, brainy feminist. Aisling Law, a descendant of Maud Gonne, in Rossnaree House, . societies, and even Yeats couldn't understand her connection with the. atJons of her in love poems such as 'No Second Troy' and 'Friends', as well as . market an indistinct 'mood' rather than grapple with more complex aspects of Irish In both his poetry and prose, Yeats revealed his devotion to Maud Gonne.
Her disastrous marriage to him in was one of the great upheavals of Yeats's life. She turned down Yeats's first marriage proposal in and went on to reject a number of future proposals.
They finally consummated their relationship in Paris in when they were both in their 40s but rather than heralding a new phase, it seems to have shut the door on any hopes Yeats may have harboured for marriage.
William Butler Yeats and Maud Gonne
Professor Anthony Roche of UCD School of English, Drama and Film notes that Maud Gonne's unattainability as a sexual partner "was the source of endless unfulfilled yearning on the part of WB, inspiring a succession of memorable poems he would write articulating that passion. Years later Maud Gonne noted how much this arrangement suited Yeats the poet, whatever about Yeats the man: His candid Memoirs, not published untilreveals how he lost his virginity to Olivia Shakespear, consoling himself with the thought that "if I could not get the woman I loved, it would be a comfort but for a little while to devote myself to another".
In London, throughout the s and early s, Yeats had a close relationship with the actress Florence Farr who he cast in many of his plays. Another actress Mabel Dickinson consoled the poet during the years Official Yeats biographer Roy Foster points out that Yeats not only remained friends with most of his past lovers, he also relied heavily on mutually supportive friendships with women. His great friendship with Lady Augusta Gregory sustained him through years of turmoil and with her, he embarked on the great enterprise of a national theatre, an emblem of Irish culture, a forum where "a mob would become a people".
He described her in a letter as "the only person I could tell every thought" and said she was "more than a mother, friend, sister or brother" to him.
Another friend since childhood was the revolutionary Constance Gore Booth later to become Countess Markievicz and her sister Eva. In the summer ofMaud Gonne now a widow after the executions rejected another marriage proposal from Yeats.
He just as promptly proposed to her daughter, Iseult, and was similarly rejected. He was relieved when the "wild gusts of feeling" provoked by the Lolita-like Iseult subsided in favor of "a new life of work and common interest" with his wife-to-be George Hyde-Lees in whom he saw the same virtues he associated with Lady Gregory. Cuala ended up publishing over 70 titles in total, including 48 by WB Yeats. It's claimed William wasn't particularly close to his sisters, especially Lolly, despite the fact they played such an intrinsic role in his development as a published poet.
Lady Gregory died in William Blake, The renowned English poet and artist died almost three decades before Yeats was born but he is credited with being one of his most significant influences.
Yeats paid tribute to Blake by describing him as one of the "great artificers of God who uttered great truths to a little clan". Few, if any, have developed such an understanding of Blake's work as Yeats. He was especially attracted to the philosophical and mystical undercurrents of Blake's work. Yeats first read Blake at the age of 15 when his father gave him a book of his poetry.
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He wrote in his essay 'William Blake and the Imagination' that: George Russell, Said to have been Yeats's oldest friend, the Armagh-native first met William when they both studied at the Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin.
As well as being a successful writer, editor, critic and poet Russell was also a mysticism writer and devotee of theosophy which would have appealed to Yeats. He was noted for his exceptional kindness and generosity towards younger writers: Frank O'Connor termed him "the man who was the father to three generations of Irish writers", and Patrick Kavanagh called him "a great and holy man. Ezra Pound, Pound fascinated Yeats and vice versa. The expatriate American poet, working as the foreign editor of several American literary magazines in London in the early s, helped discover the likes of T.
Gonne girls: The women who fired WB Yeats's passion - badz.info
In he was responsible for the serialisation of Joyce's 'Ulysses'. Yeats first met Pound in and over the course of the next seven years they wintered in the Stone Cottage at Ashdown Forest in East Sussex with Pound effectively working as Yeats' assistant. Here they would work for 10 weeks each year, reading and writing, walking in the woods and fencing.
Pound later moved to Italy and in January he met with Benito Mussolini for whom he showed great support. As a result Yeats expressed admiration for the Fascist Italian leader on a number of occasions and he wrote three 'marching songs'-never used-for the Irish General Eoin O'Duffy's Blueshirts. Constance Markievicz, Childhood friends, the paths of the London-born daughter of the Artic explorer Sir Henry Gore-Booth and that of Yeats were to criss-cross frequently over the following decades.
It's said the sisters were influenced by his artistic and political ideas while Yeats was taken by their sheer beauty. Yeats wrote the poem, 'In Memory of Eva Gore-Booth and Con Markiewicz', in which he described the sisters as "two girls in silk kimonos, both beautiful, one a gazelle," - the gazelle being Constance. She became an integral part of the independence struggle and performed with Maud Gonne, Yeats' muse, in several plays at the Abbey Theatre - an institution that played such an important part in the rise of cultural nationalism.
Constance was sentenced to death for her part in the Rising but this was commuted to life in prison because she was a woman.
- Gonne girls: The women who fired WB Yeats's passion
- WB Yeats: The influencers
While a medical student at Trinity College the Tipperary man joined the revolutionary Fenian Brotherhood. Inafter a trial, he was convicted of treason and felony and banished from Ireland for 15 years. So when O'Leary died on St. Patrick's Day the impact on Yeats was substantial.
In his epic poem 'September ' Yeats laments the death of O'Leary with the line: