List of mountain ranges of Pakistan - Wikipedia
The mountains of Afghanistan are among the most hazardous terrains for Koh range along the Pakistani border and the Hindu Kush range to the north, tribal relations in order to guarantee access throughout the region. Information on Afghanistan — map of Afghanistan, geography, history, U.S. Begins to Reduce Its Role in Afghanistan as Relationship Deteriorates on the extreme northeast by China, on the east and south by Pakistan, and by Iran on the west. The country is split east to west by the Hindu Kush mountain range, rising in. Afghanistan is made up of rugged mountainous terrain, with deep valleys and and porous borders to Pakistan and Iran, where the distance between border.
Clad in peace and pacifism, for over a millennium, the route kept transporting fiction and fables crossways till the seafaring replaced horses and camels. But so long as sun shines and winds blow, sargam and stories shall never stop crossing fences and check posts.
Now struggling with itself and others alike, half a millennia ago, Afghanistan was a cradle of cross-cultural civilizations nurtured by the Silk Route treading. Once upon time, a thin route from Kashgar twisted across our beloved Karakoram to run into the upper Indus down to the fertile plains of Ganges.
Hindu Kush - Wikipedia
Its south-western route ran through Wakhan corridor of Pamir to the present day Balkh and further down to the eastern edge of the Persian Empire. Traversing through sand-dunes and wind-worn-rocks, mercantile convoysalong with the commodities, also exchanged the words of wisdom. Traded through the same route, Chinese Silk was so precious that it was literally weighed in gold while stories walked around for free.
Ancient Kingdoms of Samarkand and Bukhara, Neshapur and Tabrez as well as northern valleys of Pakistan to Constantinople honoured narrators and rhymesters voyaging along the same route. After all unfamiliar lands and exotic people divulge stories, unforgettable.
And Persians would turn their ears to the people in Cairo, Damascus and Baghdad and they to the Israelites — all enriched with the wondering experiences of Silk Route. Fostered in Taklimakan and Gobi desert, the double-humped, long-eye-lashed camels carried loads of silk, saffron and scent to the oases of peace and pleasure. In return of silk, Chinese would saddle in the superior Kyrgiz and Kazak horses. However, dismounting from the horses backs poetry would settle in the camps and courtyards of queens and viziers, and all around.
Flying on the wings of fire, the prophet Zoroaster delivered one of his most compelling sermons here in Balkh, years ago. His notion of individualism and free will, and of truth, reason and justice is the soul of several faith till today.
Afghanistan - Wikipedia
His unacknowledged wisdom deeply permeates into the ancient and present day Af-Pak and Indo-Persian traditions — both religious as well as cultural. In Zoroastrian homes, one can find Bible, Gathas and Quran all courteously placed side by side.
Reminiscent of the age, here stands the famous Qin-Qing-Si mosque.What is Durand Line: Pakistan Afghanistan Relations and The Durand Line
With the blessings of Silk Road, Afghanistan possessed rich heritage and culture. Engulfed by the war dust, Kundus, Bukhara and Mazar Sharif still maintain their plurality and lively attitudes. With their songs and stories, wordsmiths and versifiers ornate the nights of Herat, every Thursday.
Even if tormented by fire and fury, soul never dies.
- Hindu Kush
- List of mountain ranges of Pakistan
- Geography of Afghanistan
Minuscule in number, Sikh and Hindus also live in Afghanistan. With his death Afghanistan will lose a vital chunk of history. Rumi — the greatest of all mystic poets — was also born and received his early instructions in the 12th century Balkh. It is relevant to quote him: Dance in the middle of the fighting. Dance in your blood. Claiming the Greek descent, their twirling festivals are adored all over the world. Their decline began 60 years after Ashoka 's rule ended, leading to the Hellenistic reconquest by the Greco-Bactrians.
Much of it soon broke away from them and became part of the Indo-Greek Kingdom. In the mid-to-late first century CE the vast Kushan Empirecentered in Afghanistan, became great patrons of Buddhist culture, making Buddhism flourish throughout the region.
The Kushans were overthrown by the Sassanids in the 3rd century CE, though the Indo-Sassanids continued to rule at least parts of the region. They were followed by the Kidarite who, in turn, were replaced by the Hephthalites.
Hindu Kush (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Much of the northeastern and southern areas of the country remained dominated by Buddhist culture. The land was collectively recognized by the Arabs as al-Hind due to its cultural connection with Greater India.
Before Islam was introduced, people of the region were mostly Buddhists and Zoroastrians, but there were also Surya and Nana worshipers, Jewsand others.
Later, the Samanids extended their Islamic influence south of the Hindu Kush. It is reported that Muslims and non-Muslims still lived side by side in Kabul before the Ghaznavids rose to power in the 10th century. Afghanistan became one of the main centers in the Muslim world during this Islamic Golden Age. The Ghaznavid dynasty was overthrown by the Ghuridswho expanded and advanced the already powerful Islamic empire. His troops are said to have annihilated the Khorasanian cities of Herat and Balkh as well as Bamyan.
In the early 16th century, Babur arrived from Fergana and captured Kabul from the Arghun dynasty. Between the 16th and 18th century, the Khanate of BukharaSafavidsand Mughals ruled parts of the territory.
Before the 19th century, the northwestern area of Afghanistan was referred to by the regional name Khorasan. Two of the four capitals of Khorasan Herat and Balkh are now located in Afghanistan, while the regions of KandaharZabulistanGhazni, Kabulistan, and Afghanistan formed the frontier between Khorasan and Hindustan. He defeated Gurgin Khan and made Afghanistan independent. Mahmud led the Afghan army in to the Persian capital of Isfahancaptured the city after the Battle of Gulnabad and proclaimed himself King of Persia.
InNader Shah and his forces captured Kandahar, the last Hotak stronghold, from Shah Hussain Hotakat which point the incarcerated year-old Ahmad Shah Durrani was freed and made the commander of an Afghan regiment.
Soon after the Persian and Afghan forces invaded India. Bythe Afghans chose Durrani as their head of state. In OctoberDurrani died of a natural cause and was buried at a site now adjacent to the Shrine of the Cloak in Kandahar.
He was succeeded by his son, Timur Shahwho transferred the capital of Afghanistan from Kandahar to Kabul in Fateh Khan, leader of the Barakzai tribehad installed 21 of his brothers in positions of power throughout the empire.