BBC Bitesize - Higher History - Reasons for the February Revolution, - Revision 2
Legendary: The mystic Rasputin (centre) held court with the Tsar and Tsarina and, of course, countless women. But his sexual obsession would. badz.info [Accessed 22/7/13] There was anti -Czar Propaganda portraying Rasputin as having the rulers of. An undated photograph of Gregory Yefimovich Rasputin, Russian 23, , under the advice of Rasputin and the Tsarina Alexandra, the.
Medium According to Olga who was in the room, Rasputin knelt on his knees and prayed for God to stop his bleeding while he softly touched young Alexei. How did he do it?
Rasputin: The unsavoury Russian peasant who had unexplainable 'healing powers'
Secondly, and perhaps more importantly, he ordered the doctors to leave the room and to stop administering medicine. Ex Catholics for Christ And what medicine were they giving young Alexei?
The blood-thinning pain reliever, aspirin. Then again, maybe not. Nicholas II was still skeptical of the healer — as he was with all of his advisers — but the Tsarina was undeniably taken by Rasputin. He frequented the royal palace and rubbed elbows with leaders from all over the world.
He declared himself the holy man of the court and representative of the peasantry. And with shirts embroidered by the Tsarina herself, who was going to tell him otherwise? As long as young Alexei was alive, he had the support of the Tsarina, and no one was about to challenge that relationship.
Nicholas II granted freedom of the press in and they took rumors of a love affair between the Tsarina and Rasputin for a ride. Much of it was due to the fact that Rasputin was quite the philanderer. Russia Beyond It is unknown how much is true, but reports say that Rasputin was hooking up with women from street workers to members of the Russian aristocracy. Because of his past, there were even beliefs that he was hosting giant group gathering right there in the royal court.
He still provided for his family Even though Rasputin was having extramarital affairs constantly, he still supported his wife and three daughters though they lived back home in Pokrovskoye financially.
The prospect of a peasant, who they only knew by rumor, was perhaps playing the Romanovs like a puppet and actually running the country were also in whispers across the country.
Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse)
One of these invites proved to be a mistake. History Outside of his home, she met him and stabbed him in the stomach. The prospect of his survival was very much in doubt, and his life was only spared when a local doctor performed emergency surgery.
Meanwhile, some where in Southeastern Europe, there was another man who was of the same size and would prove to have just as much, if not more consequence than Rasputin: The event set off a chain reaction of events that led to the most calamitous war in history up to that point and would hurl Russia right into the thick of WWI.
World War I erupts Austria-Hungary and Serbia were the first to take issue with each other, and Russia, the largest Slavic nation on the planet, came to the aid of their Serbian allies. France and England were already in a triple alliance with Russia, so they also came into help when Germany got involved against the Serbians. CNN Things escalated quickly.
The stage had been set and France and England pleaded to have Russia, with its unmatched hordes of manpower, to intervene forcefully and immediately. Russian forces numbered close to a quarter million and outnumbered their German foes by overtroops, a solid advantage. Afterwards, Nicholas II was desperate to turn the tide and resolved to join his men so he could boost moral by leading them from the front himself.
Rumors of them being lovers abounded from the battlefields of the Eastern Front to the streets of St. Enemies in the court and beyond began to conspire, including the richest man in Russia, Prince Felix Yusupov. In fact, he saw it as an opportunity to save it and believed it was in the best interests of the country.
The mad monk Rasputin and the Romanovs: years later - Page 2 of 31 - History
ZetaBoards He reasoned that if he could remove Rasputin from the equation, he would be able to restore faith in the monarchy and catapult himself to hero status. He invited Rasputin to his house to meet his wife Irina a smart move, as Rasputin readily accepted.
But unbeknownst to Rasputin, Irina was not at home. According to his memoir, which was published years later, he admitted that he first fed Rasputin cakes and wine that were loaded with potassium cyanide, thinking that would do the job.
Yusupov waited for the poison to take affect, but nothing happened. Alarmed, he opted for quicker acting results and shot Rasputin several times. Yusupov claims he shot him in the heart, and reports also say he was shot in the head. Despite all that, Rasputin still refused to die.
The death of Rasputin Rasputin was left for dead in the basement, and after the conspirators tied up loose ends, Yusupov went down to check on him. To the shock of everyone, Rasputin sprung to life and attacked Yusupov. With some effort, he managed to free himself, and Rasputin took off after him. They wrapped him in a blanket, drove him to the Petrovsky Bridge, and threw him in the Malaya Nevka River. The next day his body was found. An autopsy found water in his lungs, indicating that he was still breathing when he was dropped in the river.
Romanovs exhiled Rasputin was murdered on the evening of December 30, and was buried two days later his body was later exhumed and cremated.
The Conversation Once he had lost his throne, Nicholas Tsar and his family, who had only known life in the royal court, were sent to the barren landscape of Western Siberia, and later Ural in April After that, no one knew what happened to them until nearly 75 years later.
The death of the Romanovs In the mystery of what happened to the Romanovs was finally solved. She spoke Russian with a heavy accent. Her inability to produce a son also incensed the people. After the birth of the Grand Duchess Olga, her first-born child, Nicholas was reported to have said, "We are grateful she was a daughter; if she was a boy she would have belonged to the people, being a girl she belongs to us. The disappointment only increased with the birth of her subsequent daughters, Maria and Anastasia.
When her "sunbeam", the Tsarevich Alexeiwas born, she further isolated herself from the Russian court by spending nearly all of her time with him; his haemophilia did little to distance their close relationship. She associated herself with more solitary figures such as Anna Vyrubova and the invalid Princess Sonia Orbeliani, rather than the "frivolous" young Russian aristocratic ladies. These women were constantly ignored by the "haughty" tsarina.
Tuchman in The Guns of August writes of Alexandra as tsarina: Though it could hardly be said that the Czar governed Russia in a working sense, he ruled as an autocrat and was in turn ruled by his strong-willed if weak-witted wife. Beautiful, hysterical, and morbidly suspicious, she hated everyone but her immediate family and a series of fanatic or lunatic charlatans who offered comfort to her desperate soul. Through her, Alexandra was introduced to a mystic by the name of Philippe Nizier-Vachot in Philippe enjoyed a brief influence over the imperial couple, until he was exposed as a charlatan in and was expelled from Russia.
Imperial interference in the canonisation process, which forced the Church to disregard the established rules regarding canonisation, led to an outcry from both laity and clergy alike. Alexandra lived mainly as a recluse during her husband's reign.
She also was reported to have had a terrible relationship with her mother-in-law, Maria Feodorovna. The Dowager Empress had tried to assist Alexandra in learning about the position of empress, but was shunned by the younger woman. Unlike other European courts of the day, in the Russian court, the position of Dowager Empress was senior in rank and precedence to that of the tsarina—a rule that Maria, with the support of Nicholas II, enforced strictly.
At royal balls and other formal Imperial gatherings, Maria would enter on her son's arm, and Alexandra would silently trail behind them according to court protocol. It did not help that Maria tended to be extremely possessive of her sons. In addition, Alexandra resented the ostentatiously considerate treatment of Maria by her husband the tsar, which only slightly evaporated after the birth of their five children.
For Maria's part, she did not approve of her son's marriage to a German bride and was appalled at her daughter-in-law's inability to win favour with the Russian people. In addition, Maria had spent seventeen years in Russia prior to her coronation with Alexander III; Alexandra had a scarce month to learn the rules of the Russian court which she seldom ever followedand this might have contributed to her unpopularity.
Alexandra at least was astute enough not to criticise openly the woman she publicly referred to as "Mother dear. Alexandra disliked in particular the family of Nicholas's senior uncle, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovichand his wife, Grand Duchess Marie Pavlovnawho, during the war, openly criticized the Empress. She considered their sons KyrillBoris and Andrei to be irredeemably immoral, and in refused Boris's proposal for the hand of Grand Duchess Olga.
Alexandra was very supportive of her husband, yet often gave him extreme advice. She was a fervent advocate of the " divine right of kings " and believed that it was unnecessary to attempt to secure the approval of the people, according to her aunt, Empress Frederick of Germanywho wrote to Queen Victoria that "Alix is very imperious and will always insist on having her own way; she will never yield one iota of power she will imagine she wields Her assassination, according to the daughter of the British ambassador, was openly spoken of in aristocratic drawing rooms as the only way of saving the Empire.
Alexandra proved to be a fertile bride and three more girls followed Olga in the next five years: Three more years passed before the Empress gave birth to the long-awaited heir: Alexei Nikolaevich was born in Peterhof on 12 August To his parents' dismay, Alexei was born with hemophiliaan incurable bleeding disease.
Having known how the disease claimed the lives of her elder brother Friedrich and her uncle Leopold, Alexandra suffered a great deal of guilt for passing down the disease to Alexei and eventually suffered what many termed as a breakdown due to the worry for her son's health. Alexandra was determined to care for her children herself; to the shock of the Russian aristocracy, she even breast fed them.
Their upbringing mirrored that of Alexandra's own. Tsarevich Alexei sits in front of his parents. Grand Duchess Olga was reportedly shy and subdued. As she grew older, Olga read widely, both fiction and poetry, often borrowing books from her mother before the Empress had read them.
She was the cleverest of her siblings and possessed a quick mind, according to her tutors. While she adored her father, whom she physically resembled, she had a more distant relationship with Alexandra. If a favour was needed, all the Imperial children agreed that "Tatiana must ask Papa to grant it. She was the daughter who most resembled Alexandra, both in terms of appearance and personality.
Tatiana was also considered the most elegant of her sisters, and more attractive than Olga. The third Grand Duchess, Maria, was sweet and gentle and liked to talk about marriage and children. The tsar thought she would make an excellent wife and Maria was considered the "angel" of the family. Maria was also considered to be the most beautiful of her sisters, along with Tatiana.
Anastasia, exuberant and vivacious, was the youngest and most famous daughter, and was dubbed the "shvibzik," Russian for "imp. Her aunt and godmother, Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna, once recalled a time when Anastasia was teasing so ruthlessly that she slapped the child. They were known as the 'Big Pair' and 'Little Pair' respectively. Although, in private, they still referred to their parents as "Mama" and "Papa", in public, they referred to them as "the Empress" and "the Emperor".
Bythe four daughters had blossomed into young women. They were frequently treated as one, with the nickname "OTMA", taken from their first names, and their individuality was somewhat lost, particularly after the birth of their brother. Alexandra doted on Alexei. The children's tutor Pierre Gilliard wrote, "Alexei was the centre of a united family, the focus of all its hopes and affections.
His sisters worshiped him. He was his parents' pride and joy.
When he was well, the palace was transformed. Everyone and everything in it seemed bathed in sunshine. Alexandra spoiled her only son and let him have his way. InAlexandra finally revealed the truth about Alexei's illness, in confidence, to her mother-in-law and Nicholas's sisters, but the knowledge soon reached a limited circle of courtiers and relatives. The revelation backfired on Alexandra, since she was now blamed for Alexei's frail health and, because it had first appeared among Queen Victoria's children, his condition was known to some as "the English disease," adding to the element of foreignness that clung to Alexandra.