Will Iran tensions lead to war? - CNN
The secret side of Iran-US relations since the revolution his hype of the nuclear programme at the time of the election of Barack Obama. Deterring Iran's nuclear weapons program is a foreign policy priority for the United States. Candidates for the presidential elections. "I think has seen itself as the year that Iran has got to be dealt with one Presidential and congressional elections in the United States.
Michael Blumenthal complained of the Shah's emotional collapse, reporting, "You've got a zombie out there. Another scholar, sociologist Charles Kurzmanargues that, rather than being indecisive or sympathetic to the revolution, the Carter administration was consistently supportive of the Shah and urged the Iranian military to stage a "last-resort coup d'etat" even after the regime's cause was hopeless. Iran—United States relations after The Revolutionwhich ousted the pro-American Shah and replaced him with the anti-American Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeinisurprised the United States government, its State Department and intelligence services, which "consistently underestimated the magnitude and long-term implications of this unrest".
The Struggle for Control of Iran. Many students had read excerpts from the book and thought that the CIA would attempt to implement this countercoup strategy.
U.S.-Iran Relations: CQR
Until this point, the Carter Administration was still hoping for normal relationships with Iran, sending its National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski.
The Islamic revolutionaries wished to extradite and execute the ousted Shah, and Carter refused to give him any further support or help return him to power.
The Shah, suffering from terminal cancerrequested entry into the United States for treatment. The American embassy in Tehran opposed the request, as they were intent on stabilizing relations between the new interim revolutionary government of Iran and the United States. Iranians' suspicion that the Shah was actually trying to conspire against the Iranian Revolution grew; thus, this incident was often used by the Iranian revolutionaries to justify their claims that the former monarch was an American puppet, and this led to the storming of the American embassy by radical students allied with the Khomeini faction.
Bush and other VIPs wait to welcome the former hostages to Iran home On 4 Novemberthe revolutionary group Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Lineangered that the recently deposed Shah had been allowed into the United States, occupied the American embassy in Tehran and took American diplomats hostage. The 52 American diplomats were held hostage for days. In Iran, the incident was seen by many as a blow against American influence in Iran and the liberal-moderate interim government of Prime Minister Mehdi Bazarganwho opposed the hostage taking and resigned soon after.
Some Iranians were concerned that the United States may have been plotting another coup against their country in from the American embassy. The crisis ended with the signing of the Algiers Accords in Algeria on January 19, On January 20,the date the treaty was signed, the hostages were released. American contact with Iran through The Hague covers only legal matters.
The crisis led to lasting economic and diplomatic damage. On 7 AprilCarter severed diplomatic relations between Iran and the United States and they have been frozen ever since. Instead, parts of the embassy complex were turned into an anti-American museum, while other parts became offices for student organizations. However, Iran later chose Pakistan to be its protecting power in the United States. Economic consequences of the Iran hostage crisis[ edit ] See also: Sanctions against Iran Families wait for the former hostages to disembark the plane.
Before the Revolution, the United States was Iran's foremost economic and military partner.
- A brief history of US-Iranian relations
- US-Iran relations: A brief guide
- Will Iran tensions lead to war?
This facilitated the modernization of Iran's infrastructure and industry, with as many as 30, American expatriates residing in the country in a technical, consulting, or teaching capacity. Some analysts argue that the transformation may have been too rapid, fueling unrest and discontent among an important part of the population in the country and leading to the Revolution in According to American officials, most of those were released in as part of the deal to release the hostages.
Commercial relations between Iran and the United States are restricted by American sanctions and consist mainly of Iranian purchases of food, spare parts, and medical products as well as American purchases of carpets and food. Sanctions originally imposed in by President Bill Clinton were renewed by President Bush, who cited the "unusual and extraordinary threat" to American national security posed by Iran.
Iran saw the tribunal as a means to reduce tension. I worked as an interpreter at the Hague Tribunal for seven years, and was impressed by the level of professionalism at the arbitration panels, frequented by high-caliber American and Iranian lawyers. The Iranians would spend handsomely to hire British lawyers to defend them.
In the end, they accepted the results of the arbitration, frequently settled against them, and paid out hefty sums in damages to US citizens and corporations. Famously Ali Akbar Rafsanjani, president from toinitiated secret contacts with the Americans to receive arms during the Iran-Iraq war, provoking the so-called Iran-Contra affair. When the reformist president Mohammad Khatami visited New York inhe showed sensitivity to American history by talking about the Pilgrim Fathers settling in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in the 17th century.
Khatami wanted to stress that both the US and Islamic republic had roots in religious beliefs. Ahmadinejad often spoke in belligerent terms, especially over Israel, but he reduced his hype of the nuclear programme at the time of the election of Barack Obama.
Iran–United States relations
Since then, he has lived to regret that decision, as Ahmadinejad turned out to be a serious liability, both for the regime and for the supreme leader's efforts to create consensus. Ahmadinejad is not only a divisive figure; he is also ruining Iran's economy with his populist economic policies, which until very recently was to keep interest rates low.
By flooding the economy with such liquidity, Ahmadinejad contributed to the devaluation of the riyal, which is already suffering from loss of confidence because of the recent sanctions. This will be the year that Khamenei will have to make a decision about Iran's nuclear program.
His current strategy of isolating Iran and not answering IAEA questions are justifying the sanctions that are ruining the country's economy. The regime can live without its nuclear program, but not without its economy.
Even if Iran survives the sanctions, Khamenei will still have to solve the regime's deepening divisions. This requires opening up the political system to allow other players within the system to take part, making the regime more transparent, and fighting corruption.
This could be harder to confront than Israel's military threats and Obama's tough sanctions.U.S.-Iran Relationship Status: It's Complicated
War doesn't have to be inevitable Shireen T. She has written several books on Iranian politics and Islam. In the last few months, tensions between Iran and the United States have risen to alarming levels. The two sides are moving perilously close to a situation where there seems to be only one option left: But war doesn't have to be inevitable.
Not if both sides show flexibility and put their national interests ahead of a misguided national pride. The main stumbling block in achieving a compromise has always been the unspoken but ever-present U. Iran, meanwhile, has shied away from appearing to be buckling under U.
To overcome these psychological barriers, Iran must take concrete steps to alleviate U. Examples could be broadening the scope of prospective talks beyond the nuclear issue and offering Iran real incentives -- lifting sanctions rather than promising not to impose new sanctions. Recent comments by both U.
The secret side of Iran-US relations since the revolution | World news | The Guardian
For example, the tone of Iran's most recent letter has reportedly been more conciliatory than earlier ones, and the letter didn't impose any conditions for the resumption of talks. These seemingly minor gestures have created a better atmosphere for future talks. If the talks are used wisely, might become the year that the U. Iran doesn't want to lose face Kelly Golnoush Niknejad is founder and editor-in-chief of Tehran Bureauan independent source of news on Iran and the Iranian diaspora.
Tehran won't sit idly by as the Obama administration continues its hard-line approach on Iran. There will probably be more threats, to choke up the Strait of Hormuz or retaliate outside of the Middle East, if the United States keeps clamping down and debilitating its economy. Even when the hits come from Israel, as recent reports about its support of Jundullah or the assassination of Iran's nuclear scientists appear to indicate, the finger-pointing will be directed at the United States.
That's because it doesn't do Iran much good to lash out at Israel. If Iran concedes Israel's alleged role in the plots, they will put themselves under pressure to use their proxies, like Hezbollah in Lebanon, to lob missiles at it in retaliation.