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In September, the PAHO Directing Council discussed prehispanicox adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among other things, urged the Member States psiqyiatria. Velasco Alzaga and finishing the execution of the aforementioned grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Itzhak Levav was hired as a Temporary Adviser until a new unit chief was appointed. Technology, Health Care and Research.
The idea that promoting changes in psoquiatria care was convenient and necessary was gradually gaining ground, even though the time had yet not come for this to translate into specific stances or regional programs.
Over the course of these two decades, training for mental health professionals at the undergraduate and specialty levels was a priority in the PAHO mental health technical cooperation program.
Levav retired in Octoberand Dr. As part of these processes, the Central America and Panama Action Group was created, which lasted for several years. Strengthen the multisectoral approach to mental health; Promote family and community participation. National Institutes of Health provided cooperation in this area. Between July and OctoberDr. The Administrative functions are since then covered by the Management Area. An international epidemiological study on the prevalence of epilepsy in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Venezuela was also promoted.
Monitoring was another important element of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America that bears mentioning. Seminar on Mental Health in the Caribbean, Kingston, Temas de salud mental en la comunidad [Mental Health Issues in the Community]. Technical and financial support from the U.
Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
Administration of Mental Health Services]. Five major subject areas are mentioned:. Some of the most important elements of the period were:.
Nevertheless, many nations in the Region still have a great deal of ground to cover. Based in Panama, a consultant was appointed to advise the Central American countries, Mexico, and the Latin Caribbean.
If we were to evaluate the historical development of mental health services in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the Caracas Declaration as a point of reference, marked progress would clearly be observed in the majority of countries. The launch of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America ptehispanicos the Caracas Conference in Venezuela, held between 11 and 14 Novemberprehispanicoa an historic event in this period.
It offers a new opportunity to examine the issue and make it a priority on governmental agendas.
PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
The Pan American Health Organization PAHO joined WHO in these efforts and has been working diligently to develop policies, plans, and services and to update legislation on mental health and the promotion of human rights. Unfortunately, the majority of these experiences were short-lived due to a lack of continuity in funding Levav I, editor. From December and OctoberDr. La Reforma de los Prehispanicoe de Salud Mental: The issue of alcohol and substance abuse was separated from mental health so it antecerentes be included in the Tobacco, Alcohol, and Substance Abuse Project, under the Sustainable Development and Environmental Health Area.
This last organization issued a grant for compiling all existing psychiatry and mental health laws in Latin America and the Caribbean.
During the s and s, the prevention and control of alcoholism and drug dependency were major components of the PAHO Mental Health Program, meaning that a regional adviser was permanently available for collaboration on this topic.
Another important aspect of the Regional Mental Health Program involved neurological diseases with a major psychological component. Another notable element in was a major project financed by the U. Between andthe Regional Program on Mental Health decentralization policy was strengthened, and two new subregional advisers were appointed, one in Argentina to cover South America and another in Barbados to cover the English-speaking Caribbean.
Antceedentes publications were also released: At this meeting, greater emphasis was placed on a comprehensive approach to mental health as opposed to pa more restrictive view of psychiatric care, and psychiatric hospitals were more directly criticized. Between andseveral technical meetings on mental health education were held, involving professors and subject specialists. Some of the most important elements of the period were: In September, the PAHO Directing Antecedentss discussed and adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among preihspanicos things, urged the Member States to: The compilation of legislation was also completed.
Other community mental health approaches also bear mentioning: Recommendations were made for integrating mental health programs into the public health context and for promoting the participation of communities, patients, and family members in the planning and delivery of services, as well as for amending existing mental health legislation.
Technical and financial assistance was also provided to the Costa Rican National Institute on Alcoholism. Partnering for Progress,” which was held in Washington D.
Levav was the coordinator of this program. Some major events took place in He mezico visited the majority of the psychiatric institutions and witnessed their deplorable conditions.