Vadyba ir valdymas pagal ekonomikos terminų žodyną planavimą, organizavimą, motyvavimą ir kontrolę organizacijos tikslams pasiekti. Fabijonas Saulius Butkus. Vilnius Gediminas Technical F. S. Butkus. number of professionals in .. Butkus, F. S. Vadyba: organizacijos veiklos ope-. Socialiniai mokslai, vadyba ir administravimas (03 S) . Lithuanian researchers Butkus (), Butkus (), Šalčius (), Zakarevičius (), . Probleminių žmonių motyvavimas kaip organizacijos potencialo panaudojimo didinimo.

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Surprisingly little biographical research is done about her personality.

Darbas. Vadyba. Gyvenimas

Recently a number of historians of science and technology have studied how scientific theories and engineered machines were used to re-conceptualise societies and states. Never- theless, the foremost task of my research was butkux provide a new understanding of the history of Soviet state cultural policy itself as a field of interdisciplinary interactions.

This is demonstrated in Chapter V, which shows how the language of govern- ance or rather management was both politically charged and neutralised in the Soviet Union and the Lithuanian SSR. On the other hand, I have not bytkus any study of Western state cultural policy from the perspective of techno-scientific governance.

Organizacijos ir vadyba by Eglė Zdanavičiūtė on Prezi

Thus, the model of Soviet cultural policy combined important features of European modernity. As explained in the prologue, my interest in Soviet cultural policy originated from an inquiry into the transformation of post-Soviet state cultural policy in Lithuania. The public culture fund was envisaged as being similar to the ones in Latvia, Estonia and Iceland, as a public alternative to governmental and private sponsorship, to be funded with an excise tax on alcohol and luxury goods and from revenues from the penalties collected for public misconduct.

I would also like to thank to Mireille Key for correcting my English. However shaky its geopolitical grounds had been, it formed the basis for consistent, official Lithuanian governmental action on the cultural sphere. Though some museums were established under city municipalities, most of them were founded with civic initiative.

Constructing Soviet cultural policy: By these means, it is possible to make forecasts by smoothing the statistical curve obtained by the observa- tion of recent processes, expressing it in analytical terms and then extrapo- lating to the future.


The act of linking, however, involved the production of difference. To some extent, I did not strive to encourage my informants to take an in- terest in my study because I wanted to find out how they defined the field of The pilot fieldwork was on 26 September — 4 Octoberfollowed with further fieldwork in AprilAugustDecember31 March — 20 Apriland 30 October — 13 November The achievement and underachievement of plan indicators were widely and publicly disseminated: Five years later and here is this book.

Vadybos ir valdymo samprata by Diana Gailiūtė on Prezi

Limit- ing my analysis to these two publications also ensured an easily manageable corpus, which enabled the detection of both thematic and chronological pat- terns.

Johns Hopkins University Press, Instead, I will use several typical examples to highlight the key features of the economic mode of ordering the Soviet cultural sector. Civil governance was exercised by the Reich commissariat, which had a vdyba for culture and science.

I thought that he could not be serious. They had accumulated a wealth of experience by taking initiatives and self-organising in a rather unregulated sphere of pre-war cultural organisa- tions. The commissions consisted of five or six persons and were entitled to advise the executive committees and disseminate propaganda.

However, by the mids, the circulation had dropped, and by the mids, it was only 12, The museum was established by a group of enthusiasts who gathered objects from the ghetto and prison astonishingly quickly after the end of the war 12 May A more radicalised view according to which network governance eroded traditional gov- ernment was put forward by R.

It is a complicated problem primarily because there is no consensus on the extent to which one can rely on Soviet data; scholars of the Soviet economy do not agree among themselves on how to interpret Soviet statistics.

See Vytautas Petronis, Constructing Lithuania: At the moment of writing only one heavily fictionalised account had been pub- lished in Russian. Linas Eriksonas has to be acknowledged for his clairvoyance. For the historical reasons noted above, upon its birth, the young Lithuanian government did not have a central arts collection, a museum or a higher educa- tion centre: Yet structurally, the reports varied — they ranged in style from loose essayistic accounts to highly structured, statis- tically saturated panoramas.


The career backgrounds of the first union-republic and all- union ministers of culture indicate that securitisation was of the utmost impor- tance when it came to cultural policy-making.

For example, while state schools were not allowed to purchase some magazines or books, such as pro-western Naujoji Romuva, the magazine could be distributed elsewhere.

This not only opens a wide vista for my research but also sets limits. Mainly relying on published studies, this chapter argues that both the Soviet and independent Lithuanian governments saw the organisationalisation of the cultural sector as a positive thing. In terms of percentages, the number of artists in relation to the number of scientists would decrease from This concern led to such an improvement of living standards that some scholars heralded the birth of the Soviet consumer society.

Light, From Warfare to Welfare: I am grateful to all project team members for their useful comments! It makes it possible to capture and describe a non-causal and multi-directional relationship between Soviet science and governance. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Setting the Preconditions for the Scientific Governance of Culture It managed the work of cultural organisations in the territory of the republic.

Princeton Uni- versity Press, Just like the state itself, the founding of the first independent Lithuanian artistic institutions was driven mainly by the local intellectual elite, the nation-builders rooted in the thin Polish-Lithuanian middle class. Open University Press, In comparison, according to census, about 70 percent of the Russian population was illiterate the highest rates of literacy were in Estonia and Latvia where they approached percent.

It has often been noted that building a Soviet state was a special economic project, which entailed the unprecedented centralisation of the state organisations that gov- erned various spheres of life. However, one should not look for a particular coherence in cultural policy concepts: What did the ministry actually do? From tohe studied at the Academy of So- cietal Sciences in Moscow and received the degree of Candidate of Philological Sciences.