Double-loop learning is an educational concept and process that involves created by Chris Argyris, a leading organizational trainer, in the mid’s, and. This article explains single loop learning and double loop learning, developed by Chris Argyris and Donald Schön in a practical way. After reading you will. Argyris () proposes double loop learning theory which pertains to learning to change underlying values and assumptions. The focus of the.

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That is not a good thing because we will have new problems in the future. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm.

Double Loop Learning (C. Argyris)

This gulf is no bad thing. After that we adapt our own behavior and actions to mitigate and improve the situation accordingly.

In other words, the consequences may be unintended. Theory, method and practice, Reading, Mass: In many respects the distinction at work here is the one used by Aristotlewhen exploringtechnical andpractical thought.

Where the consequences of the douvle used are what the person wanted, then the theory-in-use is confirmed.

Single-loop learning illustrated in figure 1 below is one kind of organizational learning process. On this blog I am going to share some information about Single and Double-loop Learning. The theory-in-use might be quite different. This research resulted in the books Personality and Organization and Integrating the Individual and the Organization That information is needed if we want to understand the pattern. In single-loop learning characterized by the fact that we changed our action or behavior to fix or avoid mistakes.

For example, in explaining our actions to a colleague we may call upon some convenient piece of theory. Instead of that we should examine, and find out the root causes and also challenge our underlying beliefs and assumptions. By looking at the way that people jointly construct maps it is then possible to talk about organizational learning involving the detection and correction of error and organizational theory-in-use.


The latter is more creative and reflexive, and involves consideration notions of the good.

Double-loop learning – Wikipedia

Employees have a large interest in learning within an organization. As well as arrgyris a significant contribution to the literature Chris Argyris was known as a dedicated and committed teacher.

Argyris has claimed that just about all the participants in his studies operated from theories-in-use or values consistent with Model I Argyris et al. What were the considerations of the managers and the employees to adopt certain procedures? The argyros we use to convey what we, do or what we would like others to think we do, can then be called espoused theory. That is because single-loop learning is appropriate for the routine, repetitive issues that help us to do our every day job, while double-loop learning is more relevant for the complex issues.

But provided the two remain connected then the gap creates a dynamic for reflection and for dialogue. Single-loop learning is like a thermostat that learns doible it is too hot or too cold and turns the heat on or off. Here are two examples from Argyrisp Henry Mintzberg Organizational Configurations December 18, She confirms her theory by asking them questions and eliciting stupid answers or puts them in situations where they argyri stupidly.

The first loop uses the goals or decision-making rules, the second loop enables their modification, hence “double-loop”.


The internalization of the map by clients. This concept of single loop learning, double loop learning and deutero learning is useful for understanding human behaviour when a situation changes. Sooner or later, you should be able to find answers to these questions from this blog: Any action is likely to impact upon a number of such variables — thus any situation can trigger a trade-off among governing variables.

Learning methods Education stubs. A theory of action perspective, Reading, Mass: By running through this sequence and attending to key criteria suggested by Model II, it is argued, organizational development is possible.

This is the theory of action to which he gives allegiance, and which, upon request, he communicates to others.

There are four basic steps in the action theory learning process: A guide to overcoming barriers to organizational changeSan Francisco: In order to break this congruency, the teacher or manager would need to engage in open loop learning in which they delibrately disconfirm their theory-in-use. You are commenting using your Twitter account. Rather than there being phases, we could argue that intervention of this kind involves a number of elements or dimensions working at once.

However, this is not true generally. It changes rules in response to longer-run feedback according to more general rules, and so on. However, individuals may also bring biases and constraints to the learning processes.