Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy Haronga paniculata (Pers.) Lodd. ex Steud. Common names: Mukaranga (Shona) Mutseti (Shona) Mutsotso . PDF | Leaf and stem essential oils of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir, [an endangered medicinal Hypericaceae] were obtained in. Harungana (Harungana madagascariensis) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Harungana is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation.

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Derivation of specific name: Flower stalks is rumored to ease colic and to check infection after childbirth. Young leaves are distinctive due to it brown lower surface.

Stamens fused into five bundles, usually hraungana or three stamens per bundle, but single stamens may also occur. Although harungana Harungana madagascariensis is currently restricted to relatively disturbed areas, there is concern that this plant may become a permanent component of tropical rainforest communities.

Click on images to enlarge. Views Read Edit View history. Leaf blade underside is covered with stellate hairs or scales. Retrieved from ” https: It is widely distributed from South Africa to Sudan.

Fruit in clusters, mm in diameter, greenish-orange to red when ripe. A small to relatively large tree usually growing m tall, but occasionally reaching up to 20 m in height. Guttiferae Flora Zambesiaca 1 2 Pages – Branches and young leaves exude a bright orange coloured sap when damaged.


These leaves are borne on stalks madagascsriensis.

The tree is not used commercially madagascariehsis it rarely grows to merchantable size. Fruit appear to be greenish-orange and it becomes red when mature.

Copyright Barry Jago 10th leaf stage. Sheldon Navie close-up of flowers Photo: Click on images to enlarge habit in flower Photo: It can sometimes also grow as a large multi-stemmed shrub. The branches of these flower clusters are covered with coarse rusty-coloured hairs and the fragrant flowers are dotted with black glands i. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat The leaves are oppositely arranged, and the young leaves at the tips of the branches are tightly pressed together i.

It is also used as a treatment for ringworm in Liberia [ citation needed ]. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Majority of tree surface is covered with stellate hairs. Young leaves at stem apex flattened together; hence the common name “praying hands”.

Endocarp surface is hard which makes it difficult to cut. Red data list status: Leaf blades about x 2. It comprises only two species, Harungana madagascariensis and Harungana montana.

Antibacterial activity of Harungana madagascariensis leaf extracts.

Cotyledons broadly spathulate, margins marked with dark ‘oil’ glands, petioles relatively long and slender. Ovary is marked by dark glandular spots. Petioles and twigs produce an orange exudate. Click on each madagasxariensis to see a larger version and details of the record View all images Bark appears to be maroon-colored and it is vertically fissured.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fruits are marked by glandular dots and streaks. The stems are covered with hatungana star-shaped i. The upper leaf surface is dark green and hairless i.

Harungana madagascariensis – Useful Tropical Plants

Display spot characters for this species. Flowers small, about mm diam. The reasons for its introduction into Australia are not obvious. Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during late spring and early summer. Choisy Haronga paniculata Pers. White or cream colored. The reasons for its introduction have never been obvious.

Insects associated with this species: The seeds are mostly dispersed by fruit-eating i. The precise point of introduction may have been Frenchman Creek where a family from Mauritius settled in Stalks and calyx are covered with short rusty hairs.

A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. The branches stem out from a cylindrical truck. Bole is always angular and forked. Not yet widely naturalised in Australia, and currently only found in the wetter tropical areas of far northern Queensland particularly near Babinda.