Toposym 1. Edwin Hewitt. Some applications to harmonic analysis, and so clearly illustrate the importance of compactness, that they should be cited. The first. This paper traces the history of compactness from the original motivating questions E. Hewitt, The role of compactness in analysis, Amer. Compactness. The importance of compactness in analysis is well known (see Munkres, p). In real anal- ysis, compactness is a relatively easy property to.

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Compactness is important because: So one way to think about compact sets in topological spaces is that they are analogous to the bounded sets in metric spaces. If it helps answering, I am about to enter my third year of my undergraduate degree, and came to wonder this upon preliminary reading of introductory topology, where I first found the definition of compactness.

Anyway, a analgsis space is finite iff it is both compact and P.

This can be proved using topological compactness, or it can be proved using the completeness theorem: But why finiteness is important? Historically, it led to the compactness theorem for first-order logic, but that’s over my head.

Evan 3, 8 Is there a redefinition of discrete so this principle works for all topological spaces e. It’s already been said that compact spaces act like finite sets.

### general topology – Why is compactness so important? – Mathematics Stack Exchange

Every infinite subset of a compact space has a limit point. I was wondering if you had any nice examples that illustrate that first paragraph? In addition, at least for Hausdorff topological ajalysis, compact sets are closed. And this is true in a deep sense, because topology deals with open sets, and this means that we often “care about how something behaves on an open set”, and for compact spaces this means that there are only finitely many possible behaviors.

Mathematics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled. FireGarden 2, 2 15 Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

Consider the following Theorem: Every net in a compact set has a limit point. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Moreover finite objects are well-behaved ones, so while compactness is not exactly finiteness, it does preserve a lot of this behavior because it behaves “like a finite set” for important topological properties and this means that we can actually work with compact spaces.

Well, here are some facts that give equivalent definitions: R K Sinha 4 6. If you want to understand the reasons for studying compactness, then looking at the reasons that it was invented, and the problems it was invented to solve, is one of the things you should do. Since there are a lot of theorems in real and complex analysis that uses Heine-Borel theorem, so the idea of compactness is too important.

Sargera analysia, 13 If you have some object, then compactness allows you to extend results that you know are true for all finite sub-objects to the object itself.

I can’t think of a good example to make this more precise now, though. For example, a proof which comes from my head is: So, at least for closed sets, compactness and boundedness are the same.

It discusses the original motivations for the notion of compactness, and its historical development. Sign up or analysiw in Sign up using Google.

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It gives you convergent subsequences when working with arbitrary sequences that aren’t known to converge; the Arzela-Ascoli theorem is an important instance of this for the space of continuous functions this point of view is the basis for various “compactness” methods in the theory of non-linear PDE.

And when one learns about first order logic, gets the feeling that compactness is, somehow, deduce information about an “infinite” object by deducing it from its “finite” or from a finite number of parts. Every thw on a compact set has a convergent subnet. FireGarden, perhaps you are reading about paracompactness?

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. So why then compactness? By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Hrwitt. To conclude,take a look on these examples they show how worse can be lack of compactnes: One reason is that boundedness doesn’t make sense in a general topological space.

Essentially, compactness is “almost as good as” finiteness. Compactness does for continuous functions what finiteness does for functions in general. Sign up using Compactnews. Honestly, discrete spaces come closer to my intuition for finite spaces than do compact spaces.

Compactness is useful even when it emerges as a property of subspaces: Every continuous bijection from a compact space to a Hausdorff space is a homeomorphism. Not sure what this property P should be called Every universal net in a compact set converges. This relationship is a useful one because we now have a notion which is strongly related to boundedness which does generalise to topological spaces, unlike boundedness itself.

So I’m not sure this is a good example A compact space looks finite on large scales. Clark Sep 18 ’13 at Kris 1, 8 Thank you for your comment PeteL. As many have said, compactness is sort of a topological generalization of finiteness.

In probability they use the term “tightness” for measures Hmm.