Juni In , Morgenthau proposed the Morgenthau Plan for postwar Germany, calling for Germany to lose the heavy industry, and the Ruhr area. It took over two months for General Clay to overcome continued resistance to the new directive JCS , but on July 10, , it was finally. was superseded by the more accommodative JCS The first American Military Government Commander in Germany was. Dwight D. Eisenhower (of World.
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United States policies in these matters will be sent to you separately and you will be guided by these in your negotiations on the Control Council. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3 below, you are, by virtue of your position, clothed with supreme legislative, executive, and judicial authority in the areas occupied by forces under your command. Interessen und Institutionen in der internationalen Politik: The following is a partial list of the categories of persons to be arrested in order to carry out this policy:.
If, in your opinion, such action becomes essential, you may take such emergency actions as you may deem proper, but in any event, you will report the facts to the Control Council. The list of categories is, therefore, withheld from publication for the present. Some have read into the clause “from whom we had much to ask” that Churchill was bought off, and note a September 15 memo from Roosevelt to Hull stating that “Morgenthau has presented at Quebec, in conjunction with his plan for Germany, a proposal of credits to Britain totalling six and half billion dollars.
Morgenthau had been able to wield considerable influence over Joint Chiefs of Staff Directive The relevant volume of the British official history of the Second World War states that the Morgenthau Plan “exercised little influence upon Allied policy after the Potsdam Conference This page was last edited on 10 Decemberat Living conditions were considered worse in than in or It is considered appropriate, at the time of the release to the American public of the following directive setting forth United States policy with reference to the military government of Germany, to preface the directive with a short statement of the circumstances surrounding the issuance of the directive to General Eisenhower.
In particular you will promptly undertake surveys of supplies, equipment and resources in your zone. To establish a general or limited moratorium or moratoria only to the extent clearly necessary to carry out the objectives stated jccs paragraphs 4 and 5 of this directive.
All jds, monuments and museums of Nazi inception, or which are devoted to the perpetuation of German militarism, will be taken under your control and their properties held pending decision as to their disposition by the Control Council. As such it is not intended to be an ultimate statement of policies of this Government concerning the treatment of Germany in the post-war world.
Economic controls will be imposed only to the extent necessary to accomplish these objectives, provided that you will impose controls to the full extent necessary to achieve the industrial disarmament of Germany. Also known as the 17779 of hope” it set the tone of future US policy as it repudiated the Morgenthau Plan economic policies and with its message of change to a policy of economic reconstruction gave the Germans hope for the future.
Your aim is not oppression but to occupy Germany for the purpose of realizing certain important Allied objectives.
It was replaced by JCSwhich instead stressed that “[a]n orderly, prosperous Europe requires the economic contributions of a stable and productive Germany”. In jce case particularly of property blocked under 1 a above, you will proceed to adopt licensing measures which while maintaining such property under surveillance would permit its use in consonance with this directive.
Pages with override author. Retrieved 2 March As such you will serve as United States member of the Control Council and will also be responsible for the administration of military government in the zone or zones assigned to the United States for purposes of occupation and administration.
JCS | gooldsteins view on the topics in the world
The Agonies of German Defeat, The manufacture of metal furniture can be quickly turned in the manufacture of armament. These people ensured that the JCS was interpreted as strictly as possible. It outlines the basic policies which will guide you in those two capacities after the termination of the combined command of the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force. The last repayment was made in June The original memorandum, written sometime between January and early Septembersigned by Morgenthau, and headed “Suggested Post-Surrender Program for Germany” is preserved at the Franklin D.
John Gimbel comes to the conclusion, in his book Science Technology and Reparations: Germany was to be reduced to the standard of life it had known in The principal Allied objective is to prevent Germany from ever again becoming a threat to the peace of the world. Decentralization in administration should not be permitted to interfere with attainment of the largest practicable measure of agreement on economic policies in the Control Council.
At an average ration of calories a day, malnutrition was at its worst stage in post-war Germany.
In your discretion you may make such exceptions as you deem advisable for intelligence or other military reasons. To the extent that military interests are not prejudiced and subject to the provisions of the three preceding subparagraphs and of paragraph 10, freedom of speech, press and religious worship will be permitted.
Colonel John Boettiger who worked in the War Department explained to Morgenthau how the American troops who had had to fight for five weeks against fierce German resistance to capture the city of Aachen had complained to him that the Morgenthau Plan was “worth thirty divisions to the Germans. You will receive separate instructions relative to the currency which you will use in the event that for any reason adequate supplies of Allied Military marks and Reichsmarks are not available, or if the use of such currency is found undesirable.
The “Morgenthau boys” resigned en masse when JCS was approved, but before they went, the Morgenthau followers in the decartelization division of OMGUS accomplished one last task in the spring of To assist in carrying out this policy you will make a survey of combines and pools, mergers, holding companies and interlocking directorates and communicate the results, together with recommendations, to your government through the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Pending agreement in the Control Council you will assure that such measures as you consider necessary are taken in your own zone. Lord Cherwell has been described as having “an almost pathological hatred for Nazi Germany, and an almost medieval desire for revenge was a part of his character”.
Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press p.
In such cases, the policies of the Potsdam agreement are controlling. In the absence of a conflicting policy of the Control Council, you may deal directly with one or more zone commanders on matters of special concern to such zones. Every assistance should be given to the Allied Administration in Austria in its efforts to effectuate these purposes.
In extreme right-wing publications the Morgenthau Plan still plays this role today. At the ucs time he was directed to urge the Control Council to adopt these policies for enforcement throughout Germany. Memoirs of a Diplomat.