Who Was John the Baptist? : Christian Courier
He was known familiarly as “the Baptist” (bearing no relation to the modern sect), .. Moreover, when the baptism of Jesus by John was concluded, the Lord. If Mary and Elisabeth were first cousins, John and Jesus would be second therefore, also, the Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son Of God. John the Baptist was three months older than his relative Jesus. “In the sixth month of Elizabeth's pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town word can be “cousin, kinfolk, relative” or any relationship that implies blood lines.
According to the Synoptics, John was baptizing in the Jordan and preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. One day Jesus came up and was baptized by John. Each gospel treats this event a little differently. In Mark, Jesus comes to John and receives his baptism of repentance Mk 1: In Matthew, John hesitates saying that Jesus should be baptizing him Matt 3: Luke mentions only that Jesus was baptized; he doesn't even mention John Lk 3: The Gospel of John doesn't talk about Jesus' baptism at all.
He only states that Jesus and his disciples were baptizing in the countryside John 3: The prevailing scholarly opinion has been that the early church was embarrassed that Jesus was baptized by an inferior John or that he underwent a baptism for the repentance of sins he was sinless. Since the story was already part of the tradition, the best they could do was to tweak it over time.
Now scholars ask, what did it really mean to be baptized back then? A baptism of repentance which means change your life required changes in someone's lifestyle.
Jesus’ relationship to John the Baptist
Some might be baptized and go on their merry way; others followed John and became his disciples. Both groups, however, were expected to embark upon a new and ethical life in anticipation of the future Day of Judgment. Both groups would have counted themselves among John's followers. The ones who stayed with John followed him because they shared his beliefs.
He taught them about fasting Mt. He declared that One would come after him; the kingdom of God was at hand. Scholars have speculated about the origins of the story. Since it shows signs of having been composed in Aramaic, which Mark apparently did not speak, he is likely to have got it from a Palestinian source. And all the country of Judea and all Jerusalem were going out to him and were being baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.
Now John was clothed with camel's hair and wore a leather belt around his waist and ate locusts and wild honey. And he preached, saying, "After me comes he who is mightier than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie.
I have baptized you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit. And when he came up out of the water, immediately he saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove.
And a voice came from heaven, "You are my beloved Son, with you I am well pleased. Some said, "John the Baptist has been raised from the dead.
- John the Baptist
- Who Was John the Baptist?
That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him. For John had been saying to Herod, "It is not lawful for you to have your brother's wife. But she could not, for Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and he kept him safe. When he heard him, he was greatly perplexed, and yet he heard him gladly. But an opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his nobles and military commanders and the leading men of Galilee. For when Herodias's daughter came in and danced, she pleased Herod and his guests.
And the king said to the girl, "Ask me for whatever you wish, and I will give it to you. And immediately the king sent an executioner with orders to bring John's head.
He went and beheaded him in the prison and brought his head on a platter and gave it to the girl, and the girl gave it to her mother. When his disciples heard of it, they came and took his body and laid it in a tomb.
In Matthew[ edit ] St. John the Baptist Preaching, c. Matthew shortens the account of the beheading of John, and adds two elements: Where Mark has Herod killing John reluctantly and at Herodias' insistence, Matthew describes him as wanting John dead.
Then Jerusalem and all Judea and all the region about the Jordan were going out to him, and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bear fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not presume to say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father,' for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham.
Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire. John would have prevented him, saying, "I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?
John the Baptist - Wikipedia
And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; and behold, a voice from heaven said, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.
And blessed is the one who is not offended by me. A reed shaken by the wind? What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who wear soft clothing are in kings' houses. Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, "'Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.
From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and the violent take it by force. For all the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John, and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come. He who has ears to hear, let him hear. It is like children sitting in the marketplaces and calling to their playmates, "'We played the flute for you, and you did not dance; we sang a dirge, and you did not mourn. A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!
He has been raised from the dead; that is why these miraculous powers are at work in him. But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company and pleased Herod, so that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask.
Prompted by her mother, she said, "Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter. He sent and had John beheaded in the prison, and his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. And his disciples came and took the body and buried it, and they went and told Jesus. English Standard Version Main article: Since he is described as a priest of the course of Abijah and Elizabeth as one of the daughters of Aaron this would make John a descendant of Aaron on both his father's and mother's side.
John the Baptist and Jesus
There is no mention of a family relationship between John and Jesus in the other Gospels, and Raymond E. Brown has described it as "of dubious historicity". The text briefly mentions that John is imprisoned and later beheaded by Herod, but the Gospel of Luke lacks the story of a step-daughter dancing for Herod and requesting John's head.
He did not seek out the multitudes. Rather, somehow, he attracted them.
Christianity, Jesus, John the Baptist | The Jesus History Project
The citizenry of Jerusalem and all Judea went out unto him as he moved about in the Jordan Valley Mt. His influence was phenomenal. Hundreds, if not thousands, were immersed by him. And his success was solely in the message he proclaimed. This passage appears to indicate that John did not perform demonstrative miracles, as Jesus and the apostles did cf. It must be observed at this point that the common modern allegation that John was identified with the Essene community e.
The angel Gabriel had informed Zecharias that his son would be instrumental in turning many unto the Lord, going before his face, making ready a people prepared for him Lk. The fact that the birth of Christianity was such a resounding phenomenon, impacting the ancient world tremendously, and echoing marvelously across the centuries, is, in some measure, a commentary on how well John accomplished his mission.
As the prophet began to generate attention, certain Jews in Jerusalem dispatched to him a delegation of priests and Levites in order to ascertain his identity. John emphatically stated that he was not the promised Messiah, nor was he a literally reincarnated Elijah. In these remarks, the Baptizer: The imperfect tense form stresses the eternality of the preincarnate Word Jn.
The inference is clear. Jesus was sinless, or to say it in another way, a lamb without spot or blemish 1 Pet. By implication, therefore, John acknowledged the perfection of Christ. I do not think either of these views is correct.
Surely John must have known his mission relative to his kinsman since the earliest days of their lives. Moreover, the fact that he resisted immersing Jesus is a strong clue that he was aware of the uniqueness of the Savior. There was now a certainty, documented from a higher Source! Edersheim graphically describes the conditions of the time. Absolute right did not exist. The social relations exhibited, if possible, even deeper corruption.
The sanctity of marriage had ceased. Female dissipation and the general dissoluteness led at last to an almost entire cessation of marriage. Moral corruption had made deep inroads into Judaism as well.
Read carefully the second chapter of the book of Romans. It was into this world that John came with his piercing message: When he saw superficial Hebrews submitting to his immersion, void of any radical change of conduct, he rebuked them: Without fruit there is no real repentance. This will be discussed as a separate item below.
It would be a regime of a different composition than that of the old theocracy a combined religious and political system. The kingdom of Christ was not to be a this-world oriented system see Jn. The Greek term is engus. It can be used figuratively in prophecy to denote the certainty of an event, from the perspective of time as God views things cf. The subsequent context of the Gospel records reveals that literal proximity is indicated here.
Jesus would later indicate that some of those in his audience would not die until they observed the kingdom arrive, accompanied by power Mk. Eventually it becomes apparent that this was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost cf. As mentioned earlier, the Old Testament closed with a prophecy concerning the coming of him who would be in the spirit and power of Elijah, namely John Mal. There are several figures of speech employed by the prophet to provide thrust to his message.
First, the more immediate application probably was to the impending destruction of the Jewish nation.