4 Steps to Self-Actualization and Becoming the Best Version of You | HuffPost Life
Nov 27, Being truly self-actualized is considered the exception rather than the rule since most people are working to meet more pressing needs. One has to fulfill the self-actualization needs of one level before ascending to the If you have met a self-actualized individual, you know it is a joy to be around. Self-actualization is a concept coined by American psychologist Abraham Maslow. It refers to the process of achieving a hierarchy of needs – physiological, Ensuring that your goals meet these requirements can help you accomplish you.
Maslow studied 'exemplary' people, or individuals considered to have realized their full or near to their full potential in their particular area of expertise or focus.
These individuals included Mahatma Gandhi, Viktor Frankl, and Albert Einstein, who "personify a reality of self-actualisation". Characteristics Common in Self-Actualized Individuals Self-actualization is the final stage in the linear growth of an individual. Maslow believed that in order to achieve this state of personal fulfilment, the person must first satisfy the preceding needs i. He contested that self-actualized individuals possess a number of characteristics that enable them to, first, satisfy the four initial categories of needs and, second, to contend with the dissonant relationship between free will i.
Below is a list of the characteristics possessed by self-actualized individuals as outlined by Maslow When we have an inaccurate view of ourselves or the outside world, there is a dissonant, unsettling and deleterious disparity between our internal self and the external world.
Self-actualization is achieved by those who have the most accurate view of themselves and the world around them. Self-actualized individuals are not purely focused on internal gain; they appreciate the benefits of solving problems that affect others so as to improve the external world.
The desire to assist others is borne out of an internal sense of right and wrong, which is grounded in empathy. The self-actualized individual thinks and acts spontaneously, as a result of having an accurate self- and world-view. In spite of this spontaneity, these individuals tend to act and think within the accepted social norms and according to the expectations of others.
These individuals are also usually open in their interactions with others, yet unconventional in their interaction stylesspeech, and other aspects of behavior. While the self-actualized among us conform to societal norms and are often people-centered in their problem-solving, they often display the need for personal freedom and privacy. These private times are spent testing their potential, both mentally i. The original hierarchy of needs five-stage model includes: Maslowstated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs and that some needs take precedence over others.
Our most basic need is for physical survival, and this will be the first thing that motivates our behavior. Once that level is fulfilled the next level up is what motivates us, and so on. Physiological needs - these are biological requirements for human survival, e.
If these needs are not satisfied the human body cannot function optimally. Maslow considered physiological needs the most important as all the other needs become secondary until these needs are met.
Safety needs - protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, freedom from fear. Love and belongingness needs - after physiological and safety needs have been fulfilled, the third level of human needs is social and involves feelings of belongingness. The need for interpersonal relationships motivates behavior Examples include friendship, intimacy, trust, and acceptance, receiving and giving affection and love.
Affiliating, being part of a group family, friends, work. Esteem needs - which Maslow classified into two categories: Maslow indicated that the need for respect or reputation is most important for children and adolescents and precedes real self-esteem or dignity.Abraham Maslow and the Psychology of Self-Actualization
Self-actualization needs - realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences. Maslow posited that human needs are arranged in a hierarchy: This is what we mean by saying that the basic human needs are organized into a hierarchy of relative prepotency" Maslow,p.
Maslow continued to refine his theory based on the concept of a hierarchy of needs over several decades Maslow, Maslow noted that the order of needs might be flexible based on external circumstances or individual differences.
How to reach self-actualization – Maslow’s 8 proven methods
For example, he notes that for some individuals, the need for self-esteem is more important than the need for love. For others, the need for creative fulfillment may supersede even the most basic needs. Hierarchy of needs summary a human beings are motivated by a hierarchy of needs. The expanded hierarchy of needs It is important to note that Maslow'sfive-stage model has been expanded to include cognitive and aesthetic needs Maslow, a and later transcendence needs Maslow, b.
Changes to the original five-stage model are highlighted and include a seven-stage model and an eight-stage model; both developed during the 's and s.
Biological and physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc. Most of us have the tendency to measure our self-worth by comparing our accomplishments and abilities to those of the people around us. If you want to see how you're doing, the easiest way is to see how you measure up with your counterparts. It's the surest way to demonstrate how far along are you on the path to achieving success.
How to reach self-actualization – Maslow’s 8 proven methods - Operation Meditation
If you're farther than others, you deem yourselves achievers. If you're not, you tend to stress and work on ways to improve. The problem is that self-actualization doesn't have anything to do with the people around you.
Notice the "self" part of the term. The only thing that matters is your progress, not the progress of others. If you hope to self-actualize -- or at least get on the path to self-actualization -- you must stop gauging yourselves against other people's accomplishments.
Whether it's education or material things or even beauty standards, you cannot consider this as your standard. You must not work from a standpoint of how you compare; rather, you must work from a standpoint of where you are personally and independently of everyone else. To achieve this step, you must be able to look in the mirror and say, "This is my portrait.
This is who I am. This is my canvas. Only you can paint the picture of who you want to be. No one else is in control of your destiny. Learn to accept yourself holistically. It's so easy to become dissatisfied with who you are and what you have accomplished. Oftentimes, when you look in the mirror, it actually serves to increase the negativity with which you think about yourself. You cannot fall into that trap. In order to self-actualize, you must accept your whole self -- your strengths and weaknesses -- and you must embrace them all.