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badz.info Return to American Postcard Journal Incorporating Picture Postcard News .. By J. Texas Tyler. "A Little Street Where Old Friends Meet. Words by Holt Marvell, Music by Jack Strachey and Harry Link. "Here Come The British," by Bernard Hanighen and John Mercer. Horace Washington and Company [picture only]. Hughes, Diane [plus tape] .. Articles of Incorporation/Mission Statement; Meeting Minutes;. IRS Application Vaccaro's News of Note, March Oversized Guidebooks (UK, London) . 5 Weill, arr. by Jim Tyler. st. Violins. Words by Holt Marvell, music by Jack. To meet this want I have given the fullest possible reference to chapter and verse for A castie alter all is but a house- — The dullest one when lacking company. Marvell. Upon the Death of Lord Hastings, last line. “ Art is long, and time is fleeting. As cold waters to a thirsty soul, So is good news from a far country.
As a teenager, Steiner fixed his friends' radios and would hear a variety of music, which prompted him to spend many hours listening to music broadcasts. The interest expanded when his aunt Julianna, who worked at a music store, would bring home chipped phonographs for him to listen to, during the era when not everyone owned a phonograph player.
One record that made an early impression was the Dixieland Jazz Band. Steiner was heavily influenced early on by Chicago music, partially because of its proximity to Milwaukee; it was more difficult for New York music to make its way to the Midwest. He later said that Duke Ellington and Bix Beiderbecke were his top favorites.
It was in the s that Steiner started visiting the South Side clubs. His first was the Grand Terrace in where he saw Earl Hines. During this time he wrote for Tempo magazine and was also a correspondent for Jazz Information. In the mids, Steiner moved to Chicago and from he worked at Miner Laboratories, after which he became the Director of Chemical Research Laboratories.
Steiner's interest in recording was prompted mostly through the people he knew, such as his next door neighbor Paul Edward Miller, a writer for Downbeat. Davis worked for Seeburg, the jukebox company, and had access to equipment for pressing records. AroundSteiner and Davis started recording music in the clubs. As part of the new business, Steiner also started a "record exchange" for collectors interested in rare jazz records. Their focus was on new artists as well as reissuing records from the s and s, many of them from Paramount Records.
After Davis' departure, Steiner moved the headquarters to the Uptown Playhouse Theater, where he worked as their promoter and also lived. Steiner also managed New York Recording Laboratories in and became owner in During his time in Chicago, Steiner worked with many musicians and often hosted them at his apartment on Ashland and later at his renovated house on Greenview formerly the Kosciuszko Public Bath for social events and recording sessions.
He recorded some of these musicians for the Paramount Records label and over time he also interviewed many of them. InSteiner met Charles Sengstock and a few years later began the massive project of going through microfilmed copies of the Chicago Defender at the Chicago Public Library to create an index of clubs, venues, performances, musicians, and all instances of jazz mentioned in the paper.
Steiner also started teaching chemistry at the University of Illinois-Chicago in In the s, Steiner helped found the Chicago Jazz Institute, which started as a series of concerts at places such as the Field Museum. Later, he was a founding member of, and very active in, the Jazz Institute of Chicago. Steiner retired from his position as a chemistry professor from University of Illinois-Chicago inat which time he and Nina moved back to Milwaukee.
He continued to stay involved in the Chicago jazz scene. For nearly eighty years, Steiner collected material about jazz music, musicians, recording companies, and many other topics of interest. He was internationally known as an expert on jazz and especially Chicago jazz and often acted as a source or consultant for articles, books, dissertations and theses, documentaries, and other productions of jazz history. John Steiner died in Milwaukee in June 3, Scope Note The John Steiner Collection contains sheet music, articles, photographs, scrapbooks, correspondence, interviews, ephemera, and publications.
The main focus of the collection is jazz and Chicago jazz, but the collection also documents other music styles such as blues, swing, boogie woogie, minstrel, and rag. The John Steiner Collection is organized into twelve series: Much of the original arrangement and description by Steiner was retained in the guide.
These chapters on slavery place in context the mainly fifteenth- and sixteenth-century material about the New World of the earlier chapters. They also gesture toward a wider debate on enfranchisement and the widening of human rights, something that is involved in a democratic push, at least in industrialized countries and some key developing states, like India. This volume also concentrates on how rhetoric was used to persuade others, whether monarchs or courtiers or readers, for or against exploration, expansion, settlement, and empire.
In Western Europe a tension developed over the question of overseas empires, so that the different European cultures expressed disjunctive attitudes. The stakes were high because what happened in the New World was often interpreted in relation to Europe, so that coming to terms with the New World was frequently a taking into account of changes in the Old World. The comparative method is integral here because it places each empire in a wider context: Each of these works, in conjunction with rare archival material, changes the other and creates a different context in which to compare these contesting empires.
Well-known critics of warfare and empire, like More, Erasmus, and Montaigne, or promoters of empire, like Oviedo, Thevet, and Hakluyt, all of whom had close ties to Crown and court, find themselves in the company of lesser-known and marginal figures and in the context of documents that are not part of high culture. The way Contesting Empires is structured, where the comparisons within the body of the book involve dramatic contrasts, should bring out these tensions, rivalries, and disjunctions.
For example, whereas chapter 3 discusses the opponents to empire or conquest in Europe—like More, Erasmus, and Montaigne one English, the other Dutch and the last French —chapter 4 examines the rhetorical dimension of how Oviedo, Thevet, and Hakluyt— advisers or historiographers to the rulers of Spain, France, and England respectively—frame the knowledge of the New World and the policies of empire.
II The body of the book emphasizes important aspects of the internal and external contests of empire. Here, I develop a central motif in this study: With hindsight, it is easier to observe a single purpose in each nation and its expansion or in Western Europe in the exploration and settlement of the Americas.
The Spaniards watched their backs even if others looked at Philip II as a threat to the peace of Europe, thought that his riches destabilized the continent, and feared that his power was invulnerable. The other Western European powers were after Spain, which is to come and go after that country.
In this chapter I seek out visual representations and other material that I have not used before in my comparative discussions of European colonization. I set out various historical and literary representations of Spain, some relatively well-known and some not, to illustrate this emulation and blackening of Spain. The rivalry of the French and English with the Spanish focused on the Revolt in the Netherlands in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century.
A recurring motif in my book is typology: Key members of the learned and administrative classes in Spain, or Europe, opposed some plans for expansion and empire. Second, some important European clergy and intellectuals in particular opposed European expansion or the exploitation of the peoples of the New World. It sometimes happens that discussions slip into making Natives and Europeans into two groups with coherent and opposing interests.
To an extent, there is some sense to this view, but conflicts amongst Europeans and amongst Natives as well as rival allies make this kind of opposition too bald. Moreover, later on, in trade blocs different European and Native nations were allied.
Guide to the John Steiner Collection 1860-2001
Another related kind of opposition from within occurred in the ambivalence in European representations of the lands and peoples of the New World: Columbus and Verrazzano display an ambivalence that prepares the way for Las Casas, Montaigne, and others to portray the Natives as critics of Europe. European expansion was not as univocal: A typology, or double image, exists between Europe and the New World in the writings of these European nations, implicitly and explicitly expressed in the writings of these figures.
Having first created settlements in the New World, Spain developed knowledge that became useful for other European countries eager to expand overseas. Possession of knowledge might well lead to the possession of the New World. This close attention consists mainly of looking at the rhetoric or art of persuasion of the promotional tracts in encouraging settlement of the New World.
As in the study more generally, this chapter emphasizes the relation between rhetoric on the one hand and history, ethnology, and literature on the other through an inductive method, which complements the largely deductive framework of much of the recent work in the area of literary and cultural studies.
Evidence and argument should serve as checks to each other. These writers had to sell the idea of American colonies owing to resistance at home and hardships overseas.
The utopian descriptions of the Americas, beginning with Columbus, did not convince everyone, so that finding settlers and financial backing for colonies, especially among the French and English, was not an easy task. Some of the countries, like England, that became involved in the slave trade themselves had the institution of slavery among them and some of their own compatriots were slaves.
Sometimes Europeans were enslaved in war with other cultures long after slavery had withered within the boundaries of their own countries. The chapter makes some distinction between slavery and servitude and concentrates first on the Portuguese involvement in the African slave trade beginning in the fifteenth century. This trade involved exchanges of slaves through Black African and Arab sources as well as direct raids or razzias.
Although slavery had withered in northern Europe, it was something to which southern Europe, including the Iberian powers, were accustomed. The devastating effects this trade had on Africa is something that has long left its intricate traces. The Portuguese and Spaniards had also experienced the institution of slavery under the Moors but became actively involved themselves.
In the sixteenth century, England, through captains like John Hawkins, had tried to profit from that Spanish slave trade. The Dutch, who had once freed slaves from an Iberian ship in one of their ports and had opposed slavery, became main players in the trade as the seventeenth century wore on. Because slavery made Introduction 7 those islands so profitable, the French gave up Canada for Guadeloupe and Martinique.
The demand for sugar, whether in Madeira or in the Caribbean, developed slavery on a vast scale. Before Wilberforce and Lincoln, there were opponents to slavery: There were others who rationalized and naturalized slavery because it had so increased their personal wealth and that of Europe.
The economics of slavery in Europe, Africa, the Americas, and beyond represents another concern of this chapter. Besides expected figures like Abraham Lincoln, others less obvious, like Jeremy Bentham, inform the debate on slavery. Part of what I stress here is how women talked about slavery in their letters and diaries, so that notions of gender and class are made messier and even murkier.
The writings of African Americans, men and women, also express the view of those whose people were mistreated and oppressed. A change in economics, politics, and consciousness meant that serfs and slaves were freed in Europe from tofrom Prussia through Austria to Russia, and the institution of slavery and not just the trade was abolished or at least made illegal from to from British North America through the United States to Brazil.
Human rights, as expressed through figures like M. Gandhi and Martin Luther King, become later phases in a discourse contra slavery and pro liberty. The legacies of slavery and indeed slavery itself although outlawed, it exists as well as those of empire are still with us. In Africa, although the Europeans tried to abolish slavery, the institution persists.
As late asalthough abolished three times, in Mauritania, slavery existed as Arab masters still kept black African slaves much as they had done when the Portuguese first entered Africa in III The interpretation of cultures is contested in the fields of sociology and anthropology and their practice and theory. Rhetorical analysis, especially as it occurs in chapter 4, is another attempt in my work, in the context of others working in the field, to bring out the comparative and contesting nature of European expansion and contact with other cultures.
In all this, subjectivity, intersubjectivity, and objectivity contest and mix while doubt and knowledge discipline each other. As an antidote to assuming too great a role for the personal, Bourdieu balances this denial of scientific knowledge in the age of European imperialism.
Perhaps, as he suggests, there does not have to be a firm choice in the attempt of understanding, seeing, and knowing: It aims at objectivizing the subjective relation to the object which, far from leading to a relativistic and more-or-less anti-scientific subjectivism, is one of the conditions of genuine scientific objectivity.
The condition of our knowing and not knowing is contestatory. It is too easy to throw over the natural philosophy, technology, and science that was part of European expansion.
Nonetheless, it is also a cautionary tale to occlude the dark side of this economic and political expansion. Paradoxically, it might be that objectivity, if that is entirely possible in the human sciences, allows for a means of calling up short aspects of the Introduction 9 imperial and colonial enterprise. It is the very critical distance that allows for satire, irony, and other weapons that expose the abuses of empire.
In the contest of empire there is agony, the ambivalent and contradictory expressions in words and actions in the meeting of cultures. Contesting Empires contributes to various fields—history, literary studies, politics, and ethnology,—that meet in the study of empires and colonies. As in my earlier studies published on the New World and empire, in this book I hope to bring forward new material and contexts to reach students, scholars, and readers generally.
In this book I continue to use the comparative study of empires, an area that relates well to, and should interest, those who study or write on national literatures, histories, and politics. This page intentionally left blank Chapter 2 After Spain T he French and English questioned the Spanish imperium, and sometimes their own empires, but no amount of questioning, as intricately ambivalent and as admirable as it might seem to us on the dry side of empire, could halt the push to translate empire.
This almost obsession that the English and French had with Spain is a central part of this discussion. The Spanish were not alone in condemning themselves. This discussion leads to that about the opposition from within. Despite opposition to exploration and the expansion, European voyages and settlement in the New World persisted.
The tensions between opposition to and promotion of expansion is something the following chapters explore, but for now the question of emulation, rivalry, and displacement is a central concern. Although the Spanish had achieved the first landfall in the New World since the Norsemen, other European monarchs, like Henry VII of England, ignored their claim to share, with the Portuguese, the world unknown to the Europeans.
An ambivalence and contradiction occurred in the attitude of the powers who played catch up with Spain in the Americas: England, France, and the Netherlands came after Spain in both senses of the expression. Here, I am developing a central motif in this book—the European countries were divided from within and showed divisions amongst themselves, so that it is too easy, ex post facto, to see a simple, unopposed, and harmonious impulse to imperialism in each nation let alone a univocal pan-European imperial 12 Contesting Empires expansion in the Americas.
A rising capitalism, a need for new markets, and greed drove the powers to expand and exploit sometimes well beyond the humane or religious rhetoric of court and Church. Gold, resources, and land often became too tempting for conscience to prevail, something not alien to a market economy then or now. Here I set out various historical and literary representations of Spain, some relatively well known and some not, to illustrate this emulation and blackening of Spain.
One of my unexpected findings is that while circumstances shifted from the late medieval and early modern periods to the Enlightenment, some of the same attitudes remained as persistent tropes and figures in this coming to terms with Spain. Much of this rivalry, amongst the French and English with the Spanish, centered on the Revolt in the Netherlands in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, where that Spanish possession split in two and where the northern part gained independence and became a leading Protestant power.
France and England had much to do with that long war, which also played out their own internal religious divisions and which helped to create a world power, perhaps the leading commercial, naval, and imperial force in the middle of the seventeenth century.
A typology between Spanish cruelty to the Natives in the New World and abuses in the Netherlands became a bitter weapon in a propaganda war with Spain. Even as Spain declined, the ghost of its former glory could still be found in English and French writings into the eighteenth century and beyond.
The arc of this pursuit of Spain is the matter of what follows. Flauius Constantine, syrnamed the great, King of the Britaines after his father, and Emperour of the Romanes, borne in Britainie of Helena his mother, and there created Emperour made his natiue countrie partaker of his singular glorie, and renoume.
Hauing conquered and put to flight the Almanes, Spaniards, Frenchmen, and their Kings for a spectacle throwne out to wilde beastes, he held France it After Spain 13 selfe as subiect vnto him: The classical past becomes a way of forging an argument for colonization in the present and for imperial power in the future out of, for England, an insecure power in Europe and various disappointments and failures in settling the New World.
The need to precede the Spanish and Portuguese was a challenge to the French and the English both. The French made claims, not too dissimilar to those of the English, that they in fact had discovered America. Rivalries with Spain had an uneven development: The Portuguese themselves had used this principle of terra nullius in Africa in the fifteenth century, so that they, and the Spanish, were now going to deny this legal interpretation in the New World. France claimed Milan and other parts of Italy, and a war with Spain began in The French joined the English and Spanish in the search for a northwest passage.
Verrazzano was a Florentine living in Rouen and a part of a network of Italian merchants, principally from Florence, who lived in Lyon, Paris, and Rouen, who traded under the French flag.
While the Spanish wrote extensively 14 Contesting Empires about their experiences in the New World, the English did not produce narratives about their early voyages.
Guide to the John Steiner Collection
The first book to appear in English about voyages was Of the newe landes. England lagged behind its rivals in empire. In the first few decades following the Columbian landfall, the English did not always pursue their best interests.
In A new interlude of the four elements, Rastell has Experience describe the New World and successful voyages to its northern parts, represents a call for more English exploration and for an overseas empire, and revisits the question of origins and regret. Even in this period, both the English and the French relied heavily on the translation of Spanish works on their colonies to build their own library of empire and to help to establish permanent settlements overseas.MARVELL - I'M ON ONE REMIX (MARVELL MONDAY)
This Spanish match caused anxiety, especially amongst Protestants, in England. For a brief moment, there was, however, the possibility of the union of Spain and England and an heir for Mary and Philip.
However much time did not bear out that great imperial theme, and actually embodied a greater split between the Spanish and English nations, some hope of a greater glory affected a writer, like Richard Eden, who in his own career moved ambivalently between support for and suspicion of the idea of union and the imperial marriage itself.
Eden also tried to bring the English up-to-date on geography and exploration: By implication, the best way would be to embrace the marriage of Mary and Philip. This hope would not be pursued for long: Eden was removed from office for heresy, and even before Mary died without an heir, it seemed that Philip, whose father Charles had arranged the marriage, had lost interest. England was neither destined to be Catholic nor to be united with Spain.
Instead, a great series of conflicts would brew between England and Spain in Europe and in the New World. II The promotion and critique of empire that existed in Spain was transmitted through translations in French and English. Writers like Eden, Thevet, and Hakluyt used the relation between European and Native to define their imperial and national identities.
As much as the French had looked at the riches of Spain as an example to be emulated and envied, France made early inroads into the authority of Portugal and Spain in the New World. Trade and religious ideals sometimes clashed among the French as they had among the Spanish.
The first voyage was to the site of Rio Janeiro inunder the direction of Nicolas Durand, chevalier de Villegagnon and vice admiral of Brittany.
Inthe Portuguese captured the French base but were not able to eliminate the French from After Spain 17 Brazil untilwhen they were in a political union with Spain. Even the religious ideals were intricate because in the s Geneva Calvinists in Brazil and in the s French Protestants in Florida had tried to build permanent settlements to rival Spain and attempted to convert the indigenous population but had failed. The Church of England was a national Church with the monarch at its head, so that the political rivalry with Catholic Spain was necessarily religious.
France, which experienced terrible internal strife between Catholics and Protestants, displayed a two-part rivalry with Spain. The Huguenots opposed the authority of the papacy and Spain while French Catholics often thought of France as the eldest daughter of the Church whose place Spain and Portugal had usurped with the discovery of the New World.