The Somaliland team meets with civil society leaders in Boroma, Somaliland ( photo courtesy of Eugene Yi). ABOUT THE Appendix D: Profile of Electoral Conflict in badz.info License. 1Department of ICT/Voters' Registry, Independent National Electoral Commission , As years pass by, INEC gets more sophisticated with its technologies in order to meet up with .. Jega AM () Report on the General Elections. Consensus after Con ict: The People's Assembly elections. 8 . Given these developments, as members of the Constituent Assembly meet.
If more people collaborate online with more development institutions and initiatives, this will imply an increase in person-hours dedicated to development cooperation at essentially no additional cost.Presidential Election News Coverage (November 6, 2012, 11PM)
This is the most visible effect of online volunteering for human development. The former describes phenomena such as the divided users demographics that make up sites such as Facebook and Myspace or Word Press and Tumblr.
Each of these sites host thriving communities that engage with otherwise marginalized populations. An example of this is the large online community devoted to Afrofuturism, a discourse that critiques dominant structures of power by merging themes of science fiction and blackness. Social media brings together minds that may not otherwise meet, allowing for the free exchange of ideas and empowerment of marginalized discourses.
The Gates Foundation focused on providing more than just access, they placed computers and provided training in libraries. In this manner if users began to struggle while using a computer, the user was in a setting where assistance and guidance was available. Further, the Gates Library Initiative was "modeled on the old-fashioned life preserver: The support needs to be around you to keep you afloat.
Prior conditions in Kenya—lack of funding, language and technology illiteracy contributed to an overall lack of computer skills and educational advancement for those citizens. This slowly began to change when foreign investment began.
Those resources enabled public libraries to provide information and communication technologies ICT to their patrons. Inpublic libraries in the Busia and Kiberia communities introduced technology resources to supplement curriculum for primary schools. Bythe program expanded into ten schools. CI is concerned with ensuring the opportunity not only for ICT access at the community level but also, according to Michael Gursteinthat the means for the "effective use" of ICTs for community betterment and empowerment are available.
Social capital is acquired through repeated interactions with other individuals or groups of individuals. Connecting to the Internet creates another set of means by which to achieve repeated interactions. ICTs and Internet connectivity enable repeated interactions through access to social networks, chat rooms, and gaming sites. Once an individual has access to connectivity, obtains infrastructure by which to connect, and can understand and use the information that ICTs and connectivity provide, that individual is capable of becoming a "digital citizen".
Without Internet access, students are unable to cultivate necessary tech skills in order to understand today's dynamic economy. Their study shows that the rapid digital expansion excludes those who find themselves in the lower class.
Registration of voters was done manually. Registrant details were written with pen on a form provided by INEC.
The Impact of ICT in the Conduct of Elections in Nigeria
The filled forms were collected and eventually used for the general election. The foundation of any election process is a credible Voters Register. The Voters Register is the basis for determining who is eligible to vote and who is not on Election Day. While the Manual Register of Voters used in the and elections served its purpose, it has become outdated with the passage of time [ 6 ].
The Impact of ICT in the Conduct of Elections in Nigeria | Insight Medical Publishing
This involves the compilation on the form EC. The information so obtained is then transferred and shaded on computer readable OMR Forms, which were later, scanned into database on completion of field operation, and processed to produce the Register of Voters.
The database of voters was also created. The advantages of OMR technology over the previous one are as follow: The limitations of OMR technology include the following: No technology was used for accreditation of voters, voting, sorting and counting, collation and transmission of results. Meanwhile, the build-up to the general election marked the beginning of a new era in the history of Nigeria electoral system.
DDCM was introduced to eliminate double registration, double voting and other electoral malpractices. The DDCM components include: It was recorded that 13, integrated data capture systems were deployed by INEC for the voters registration exercise, 22, Direct Data Capturing DDC machines, and 18, devices for revalidation of voters register for electorates thereby giving enough room for the registration of over 61 million voters with 40, DDCs on the whole with data and the printer units accessories at the end of the exercise.
Registration of voters was conducted for 81 days due to limited supply of DDCMs to the states. Also, it is believed that the development of an electronic voters register was a giant stride in eliminating double registration and double voting in the history of Nigeria electoral system.
Very Small Aperture Terminal V-SAT was installed in all the INEC local government offices and state headquarter offices to enable the smooth transmission of election results from various local government areas.
Digital divide - Wikipedia
Although, these gadgets were not used effectively due to lack of proper training and the issues of nontransparency that trailed general election. It consists of senators with each senator serving a 6-year term.
The elections are conducted triennially for half the seats in the senate. This staggered nature of the terms means that at any given time senators from two different elections are serving in the Senate.
The electoral process is based on an indirect single transferable vote. This is in contrast to the methodology of direct first-past-the-post voting used in all other parliamentary elections in the country. Thus, effectively, the senators in Pakistan are voted for by serving members of the country's National and Provincial Assemblies and not the public.