Introduction: Philosophy of Education and Philosophy - Oxford Handbooks
The basic relationship between philosophy and education can be analyzed as The Major Branches of Philosophy are: (a) Metaphysics or the discussion about. Philosophy helps teachers to reflect on key issues and concepts in education, usually through such Branch, Metaphysics: What is the nature of reality?. Axiology is that branch of philosophy which deals with the study of value. It deals with the relationships and obligations of people in a state and their It tries to understand and explain the nature and need of education.
So our whole educational set up aim is the creation of that kind of person and that aim is set by Islamic Philosophy. If Plato wants an ideal state so he uses education as an instrument and set aims and objectives to be achieved by his ideal educational plan.
What should be the teaching methodology?
And what kind of teacher should be? And what kind of curriculum be taught to the students? All the answers are given by philosophy. So education is dependent on philosophy for guidance in various of areas. Philosophy of Education There is a separate branch of philosophy which is called philosophy of education.
The branch investigates that what should be the nature of education? Whether the educational aims be based on specific religion, social, moral, scientific basis. And how these aims can be achieved? Education is the Dynamic Side of Philosophy Here the great scholars like Ghazali, Iqbal, Plato, and Aristotle wanted that their philosophies should be given practical shape.
What You Need to Know as an Educator: Understanding the 4 Main Branches of Philosophy
Andrew believed that, it is the active aspect and the practical means of realizing the ideals of life. Education is a sacred necessity of life, both from the biological and sociological point of view.
Deducing from the above discussion, it is therefore true that education works like a catalyst for a better life, a social desirable life. As a pot is made out of clay and a finished product comes out of raw material, so also from the immature child comes out the civilized man through education.
Education as Timothy indicates renews and re-builds the social structure in the pattern of philosophical ideals. This implies that, in each of the social institutions, philosophy is needed for the explanation of certain realities of life.
Human being, who is born and grows up with inherited tendencies and inclination, determines the basic trails of man, but education paves a long way for the achievement several success in life Timothy,p.
Introduction to Philosophy/The Branches of Philosophy - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Rather, it is the initiation into the life of spirit, a training of human souls in pursuit of truth and the practice of virtue. The basic relationship between philosophy and education can be analyzed as follows. It is philosophy, that provides the purpose or the aim and it is education which makes it practical.Relation between philosophy and education 《badz.info and badz.info》
Godfrey-Smith held the opinion that, Philosophy shows the way and education moves on in that direction. When we define education as the modification or behaviour, the direction in which, modification to be carried out is determined by philosophy. Thus philosophy deals with the end and education with the means. In fact, we can observe that the great philosophers of all times have been also great educators.
For example, Socretes and Plato, the great philosophers, were also famous educators. According to Thomson, every teacher should realize the importance of philosophy in education. Good philosophy thus would not only imagine the type of society which is needed in the society. It is philosophy which would give to the teachers a sense of adventure. The choice of students must cater to the principles and purposes of philosophy. Choice of curriculum needs philosophers or leaders of thought.
With the change of time and circumstances, the curricula also changes and this change can be brought out by philosophers alone Godfrey-Smith, The necessary conditions should be fulfilled so that the child is allowed to go in a free atmosphere with the ultimate aim of becoming a happy and a rightly adjusted person of the society.
The learning process is an active way of doing things; hence the curriculum for the child should concern itself with the realities of life. Bernard put across the explanation that, as far as the methods of teaching are concerned, it can be said that the child is influenced; to give a particular shape to his life by the way he is taught.
The philosophy of the teacher is reflected in the child by his method of teaching. So the course of life of the child is definitely influenced by philosophy. This therefore implies the utility of philosophy is much more experienced in the educational perspective.
Branches of Philosophy and Their Role in Contemporary Affairs
The Education- philosophy relationship may be further pointed out as given below: According to Alfred Weber "Philosophy is a search for comprehensive view of nature, an attempt at a universal explanation of the nature of things a person who searches into the reason and nature of things, who tries to arrive at a general principle, and who attempts to apply those principles to daily conduct of life, acts like a true philosopher.
According to John Dewey, philosophy is "critical reviewing of just those familiar things. To discover the general truth that lies behind the particular facts, to discern also the reality that lies behind appearances. What is man's origin? What is man's destiny or goal?
These are some of the questions of philosophical enquiry.
Different philosophers try to answer these questions according to their own mature reflection and thinking. These different answers lead to different philosophies.
Branches of Philosophy and Their Role in Contemporary Affairs
The Major Branches of Philosophy are: Philosophy influences even the daily life of every individual. Andrew further argues that, an educator not only holds certain beliefs and ideals of life, he also tries to convert his pupils to his own views and his own way of life.
The influence of a person, holding a vital belief, brought to bear upon another person with the object of making him also to hold that belief, is education. Thus education means to lead out, through the modification of the native behavior of the child.
In his analysis, Andrew reveals that, Education is a laboratory where philosophic theories and speculations are tested and made concrete. Education may, therefore, be rightly called applied philosophy. Philosophy is wisdom; education transmits that wisdom from one generation to the other. Philosophy is in reality the theory of education. In other words, education is the dynamic side of philosophy, or application of the fundamental principles of philosophy.
Philosophy formulates the method, education its process. Philosophy gives ideals, values and principles, those ideals, values and principles.