International relations | South African Government
As international dynamics change and Africa becomes an increasingly crucial player in global politics, the relationship between the EU and South Africa exerts a. Besides its membership of the G20 South Africa is also, together between National Treasury (Economic Policy) and EU's. South Africa enjoys a special relationship with the countries of the region. Bilateral trade between South Africa and Europe amounted to about R billion in.
South Africa–European Union relations
And what is the European response? He first entered government service in as Deputy Foreign Secretary of Ghana, going on to serve as a Member of Parliament from to and as Deputy Minister for Education in charge of Tertiary Education from to From toDr. Madonsela is a human rights lawyer and equality expert, currently chairperson of the Centre for Reconciliation and Equality Studies.
She served as South Africa's Public Protector from to She is one of the eleven technical experts who helped the Constitutional Assembly draft the final South African constitution in and In she was chosen as one of BBC's Women.
TIPS - South Africa Trade Relations with the European Union and Asia
Madonsela was awarded a Doctor of Laws degree, LL. Honoris causa from the University of Stellenbosch. She was further awarded another Doctor of Laws degree, LL. In this respect, SADC governments should take a lead in using policy tools allowed by WTO provisions - such as compulsory licensing and parallel importing of vital drugs - in order to improve access to cheaper generic drugs.
It is unacceptable that EU governments and companies have pressurized governments in the region who have attempted to adopt these measures.
Promoting Gender Equity The implementation of neo-liberal policies has placed a disproportionate burden on women as family providers and carers. Women continue to be excluded from policy and decision making processes by their under-representation in leadership positions.
The changing relations between Europe and North Africa
This situation applies at the national level, but is also relevant to the institutions set up in the Cotonou Agreement. It has been recognized that efforts to mainstream gender in programmes and policy making remain inadequate. We recommend that governments and the EU, in consultation with civil society: Rethinking Economic Cooperation The neo-liberal policies pursued with the support of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund have caused serious hardships for SADC countries and communities, and have eroded the progress made in social and human development after independence.
While there have been attempts to promote stakeholder participation and national ownership of programmes under the PRSPs, they remain conditional and donor driven, as they operate under tight deadlines which undermines consultations. Considering the close correlation between debt cancellation and poverty reduction, the EU countries must lead other creditor governments in unconditionally writing off debt owed by African countries in order to release resources for development.
In the absence of an effective resolution of the debt problem, repudiation by indebted countries is then a legitimate option. Any future loans should be approved by national bodies where all stakeholders are represented, and the aims and terms scrutinised and subject to endorsement by national Parliaments.
Relations between Africa and the European Union in the 21st Century
The EU should not tie aid to their own national and corporate economic interests, and all aid should be targeted towards the building and strengthening of productive capacity in SADC as determined by the national priorities of the member states and regional programmes.
SADC agreements should aim to ensure that all investment policies at the national and regional levels are appropriately regulated and coordinated to avoid counter-productive intra-regional competition through competing foreign investment policies and incentives.
We note that while the Cotonou Agreement undertakes to promote EU investment into our countries, we call for priority to be given to national and regional investment.
Investment strategies should focus on enhancing local productive capacities and diversifying production with a view to achieving broad-based economic empowerment.
Orientating towards Development The global trade strategy of the EU is inimical to our development interests and aspirations.
Trade arrangements should be driven by development imperatives rather than by the dogmatic objective of "integrating ACP countries into the world economy" through indiscriminate trade liberalization. SADC member states must respond jointly to the EU's proposals to establish free trade areas, in order not to allow the EU to divide and rule by exploiting the real and perceived differences between them. In this context, too, all SADC member states must share information on all exchanges that they hold on a national basis with EU officials and negotiators with respect to the Cotonou processes.
- Africa Europe relations. New realities, shifting priorities
- International relations
- Dossier: The changing relations between Europe and North Africa
Strategic assessments at the national and regional level must be undertaken prior to engaging in trade negotiations with the EU. We encourage governments to mobilize and use to its full potential local and regional expertise available within civil society and academic institutions to ensure that their negotiating positions are informed by rigourous research.
There are indications that the EU is already proposing that the member states of the ACP should decide - in the next few months by April - the political bases or geographical groupings within which they will enter into negotiations with the EU scheduled to begin in September There are not mere procedural matters but substantive strategic questions requiring research and analysis, appropriate inter-governmental negotiations and wide-ranging consultation.
The EU must not impose the framework for negotiations.
The EU and SADC countries must commit themselves fully to the effective control of illegal trade in natural resources and arms. SADC governments and civil society must advocate for trade arrangements that link access to our markets to the attainment of clearly defined development thresholds rather than to arbitrary time frames that neither reflect, nor take into account our development realities.