The relationship between nursesspiritual intelligence and happiness in iran

the relationship between nursesspiritual intelligence and happiness in iran

activities with happiness of midwives working in hospitals of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. 2 MSc in relationship between nurses' spiritual intelligence. It results in an increase in psychological well-being of individuals as well as between nurses' spiritual intelligence and happiness in Iran. Spritual intelligence (Concepts, Assessment and Applications). Tehran: The relationship between nurses' spiritual intelligence and happiness in Iran.

At first, different wards were divided into four groups: General, Special, Intensive care, and Emergency. Then, 48 wards were selected randomly from all the hospitals. The number of nurses was based on the hospital size. Sheikh Hospital, and 19 from Hashemi Nejad Hospital were selected.

Based on the grouping of wards, 58 nurses from general, 61 from special, 61 from intensive care, and 32 from emergency were selected. By the permission of head nurses, the nurses were selected randomly from each ward. Then, they were given research consent, necessary explanations, and a brief introduction of the research objectives. The inclusion criteria for the nurses included: The questionnaires were kept anonymous and confidential. Also, the selected nurses were assured that their responses had no effect on their organizational evaluation, so they were asked to answer all the questions honestly and precisely.

Then, at the second stage of the research, the nurses and head nurses were instructed to complete the competency questionnaires.

the relationship between nursesspiritual intelligence and happiness in iran

The questionnaires were presented at the beginning of the work shift when the workload was low and the nurses were fresh. They were asked to fill the questionnaires separately. The coded questionnaires of clinical competency were given to the head nurses to be completed under their direct supervision. The questionnaires were collected after the end of each shift.

In case of lack of time, they were collected in the next shift. Demographic, clinical competency, and spiritual intelligence [ 19 ] questionnaires were used for data collection. I am not competent 0 I am less competent 1 I am roughly competent 2 I am sufficiently competent 3 I am highly competent 4.

Spiritual intelligence questionnaire contains 97 questions which evaluated the eight aspects of patience, beliefs, spiritual religious practices, meaning and goal in life, divinity and slavery, internal peace, spiritual experience, self-cognition, and forgiveness.

Its total score was between 97 and Table 1 demonstrates their demographic data [ Table 1 ]. The increased level of happiness and reduced level of stress can decrease the fear of childbirth and reduce a lot of unnecessary cesarean sections requested by mothers.

Taking into consideration the above-mentioned relations, this study aimed to investigate the spiritual intelligence and its relationship with happiness and fear of childbirth. It is worth mentioning that few studies have been conducted in Iran to assess the effects of spiritual intelligence, happiness, and fear of childbirth during pregnancy on pregnant women.

the relationship between nursesspiritual intelligence and happiness in iran

Materials and Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on pregnant women during June till September The inclusion criteria were the followings: Based on the exclusion criteria, mothers who did not meet the above-mentioned criteria or were not willing to participate in the study were excluded from the study.

We only included mothers with a gestational age between 20 and 34 weeks because the risk of miscarriage is removed after the 20th week of gestation.

Relation between spiritual intelligence and clinical competency of nurses in Iran

In addition, after the 34th week of gestation, the risk of preterm labor and pregnancy complications and diseases may increase; hence, after the 34th week of gestation it is difficult to select samples with low-risk pregnancy.

We used multistage random sampling method to select the subjects from among the mothers who visited their health care centers. The samples were selected from three centers out of 11 health centers, so that the selected samples were most similar to the general population of pregnant women. After selecting the subjects, according to an interview, the mothers with inclusion and exclusion criteria signed a written consent form for participation to the study.

The study goals and procedures of the research were explained by researcher. Then a medical and demographic form was filled out, including mother's age, education, and history of utilization of midwifery services via an interview by an expert midwife. Then the mothers filled out the questionnaires.

We used childbirth attitude questionnaires CAQwhich is an instrument used to measure fear of childbirth. It has 16 items that are scored on a four-point Likert scale.

The fear of childbirth was scored between 16 and 64, and its middle point, i. A higher score on this scale means that the person had more fear of childbirth. The Persian version of this questionnaire has logical and content validity; in addition, its reliability have been confirmed by researchers. This questionnaire has 24 items and is used to measure the spiritual intelligence based on a five-point Likert scale.

Relation between spiritual intelligence and clinical competency of nurses in Iran

Its score ranged between 0 and Spiritual intelligence has the following four subscales: This questionnaire was used for pregnant women. Many various tools have been developed so far to measure happiness, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire is one of the most common tools. This questionnaire has 29 items and each question is scored between 0 and 4. Accordingly, the score of happiness for every person consisted of the sum of scores of all questions for that person.

Thus, the maximum score was and the minimum score was 0. The happiness score was divided into several categories: This questionnaire has been used in numerous studies conducted on pregnant women.