The Gated community in The Tortilla Curtain and The Simpsons | Dirk Vranken - badz.info
Women Behind the Curtains: The Role of Wives in "The Tortilla Curtain" As On the other hand, América, wife of Cándido Rincón, has the charateristics that are The contrasts between Kyra Mossbacher and América Rincón do not . as something sacred, something that is vital to the relationship of a husband and a wife. Need help on characters in T. Coraghessan Boyle's The Tortilla Curtain? Cándido is América's husband and the father of Socorro. President of the Arroyo Blanco Estates Property Owners' Association, and Delaney and Kyra's neighbor. Each chapter is further illustrated with examples from The Tortilla Curtain and The immigration is important to depict how Cándido and América came to the city. . So in short, the relationship between residents of gated communities and the.
In the following chapter I discuss how the overflow of immigrants became visible to the suburban residents and how they felt that the safety of the gated community became threatened.
This fear, which is the topic of the fourth chapter, led to discussions in the gated community which would eventually lead to the construction of walls which will be discussed in the fifth chapter.
Each chapter is further illustrated with examples from The Tortilla Curtain and The Simpsons Episode 21 from season Mexican immigration and suburbanization In order to discuss the influence of the Mexican immigrants, let us have a look at the history of the suburban process and at the evolution of the Mexican immigration.
During the period of industrialization in the 19th Century and the first half of the 20 th Century, the markets expanded and there was an increase of production Hirschl The Second World War proved to be the main event to activate the process of gentrification, as the war fired up the economy and put both men and women at work. After the war, the United States turned into a consumerism republic and the economy continued to grow. The development of shopping malls as well as refrigerators created an opportunity for inhabitants to move out to the suburbs.
The introduction of these shopping malls, in which banks, doctors and other important needs were present, created an opportunity for city inhabitants to flee the criminal cities.
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People were able to start anew, to create a society in which other people could be left behind. Los Angeles was the first example of suburbanization and became known as the sixty-mile city. Many residents of these major cities, who worked within the central urban area, chose to move to suburbs and commute to work via automobile, mass transit, or at home Suburbanization.
To understand the process of suburbanization, we must look at the various factors which influenced the residents into migrating.
On the one hand there are push factors which make residents leave the central cities. This includes the congestion and population density of the cities, the pollution caused by industry and numerous traffic jams. Families also considered the lower quality of life and the high rates of mortgage loans to be important factors.
Perhaps the most important factors in the mass flight to the suburbs were the improvements in transportation and communication technology. As transportation developed more, people could commute to the nearby town or city to work.
Next to cars, railways and bus routes became equally important to commute to work, as the number and size of highways grew. A decisive factor for businesses to move to the suburbs was the rise of efficient package express delivery systems, such as FedEx and UPS, which took advantage of computer systems and air transportation systems Suburbanization.Eddie from Ohio -Candido & America
American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs: Each period brought distinct national groups, races and ethnicities to the United States. As Mexicans dominated the post epoch, we will focus on this period Immigration to the United States. The economic, social, and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding ethnicity, economic benefits, jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobility, crime, and voting behaviour Immigration to the United States.
In a late s study, economists overwhelmingly viewed immigration, including illegal immigration, as a positive for the economy.
The Tortilla Curtain Reader’s Guide
The NRC report found that although immigrants, especially those from Latin America, caused a net loss in terms of taxes paid versus social 3 services received, immigration can provide an overall gain to the domestic economy due to an increase in pay for higher-skilled workers, lower prices for goods and services produced by immigrant labour, and more efficiency and lower wages for some owners of capital. Immigration to the United States When one considers that the majority of Americans now live in the suburbs, it should come as no surprise that the battle over immigration is being waged not in the city but in the nation's suburbs.
The census data indicates that immigrants are now bypassing the central cities and moving directly to the suburbs; more than half of the nation's Latino immigrants now live in the suburbs, having followed the jobs created by the suburban population explosion of the last thirty years, filling low-paying service jobs in lawn care, housecleaning, child and elderly care.
In other words, the notion of the suburbs as belonging exclusively to the white middle class no longer applies. Where had they all come from? What did they all want? Of course, the reader, if not Delaney himself, recognizes that he has answered his own question: The novel depicts how four characters, two on both sides of the border, deal with immigration.
On the one hand, Boyle describes the lives of Delaney and Kyra Mossbacher, who moved to the gated community on top of Topanga to be closer to nature. Kyra is a successful real estate agent whereas Delaney writes a column on nature while staying at home with their son. This upscale hilltop community was safe from the Mexican immigrants which came in great numbers through the borders Coates After a period of unemployment, he tries to find work in the city.
In The Simpsons episodea similar path is recognizable. But the Springfield inhabitants become sick and the Ogdenville inhabitants are blamed.
Forced to leave their own homes, they try to find work in the suburb of Springfield, the representation of a suburban community. The American Dream and cheap labour forces It is because of the reasons I have discussed in the previous chapter that Mexican immigrants were welcomed to Araya Blanco. After the high rates of unemployment in Mexico, Mexican immigrants searched for the American Dream, the myth that everybody can become rich through hard work and determination.
Both look for a better life than the one they had in Mexico. Although they are caught by the border patrol and are thrown back several times, they never lose hope and keep trying to succeed in their American Dream. This also indicates how horrible their living conditions in Mexico must have been Symbolism. It was in both their interest to maintain invisible. The only moment in which the workers became visible was when they went home Knapp This is also depicted in The Simpsons episode, in which the Ogdenville Norwegian nanny has to take care of Maggie and the men have to fix the house.
Homer finds these cheap work forces on a parking lot, which represents the labour exchange. They even take care of Selma, which, according to Homer, is their best accomplishment. In the earlier part of the episode, they are only visible when they are working. Afterwards, they start becoming visible outside of the working environment as well, which will be discussed in the next chapter.
Control and in visibility Whereas the previous chapter dealt with how suburban residents were eager to use illegal immigrants to do jobs nobody else wanted to do, this chapter focuses on how control and visibility plays an important role in the gated community. As we discussed in our previous chapter, homeowners felt secure enough to hire Latinos to care for their children and their aging parents as well as clean their homes, inside and out.
But despite all these responsibilities, they still needed to install a gate and a wall in order to protect themselves from crime Knapp This gated community is part of a national trend toward privatization. These gated communities function as a segregation in which upper- middle class people are isolating themselves from the other class groups which do not correspond with regards to income Knapp In other words, if you live in Arroyo Blanco, which means white river, you can be only white, as difference is simply not tolerated.
As the community is very restrictive, residents cannot hang laundry nor can they park pick-up trucks on the streets. There are no basketball 6 courts as it would attract unsavoury people from other places Knapp So in short, the relationship between residents of gated communities and the illegal immigrants is an economic one, as well as a superior one Knapp These gates function symbolically to isolate the poor from contact with the mainstream society, thus further making it difficult to improve their situation Knapp She is a sophisticated, consciously independent woman with her own set of values and beliefs that she holds on to so strongly and only shake when something that is stable or constant within her life alters.
They were both perfectionists, for one thing. They were joggers, nonsmokers, social drinkers, and if not full-blown vegetarians, people who were conscious of their intake of animal fats. In religious matters, they were agnostic.
The Tortilla Curtain- Character Comparison
In the matters of home life, she is the breadwinner of the family, a role rarely assumed by regular housewives even in the 90s. Many women work, but not all who work are breadwinners. She lets Delaney stay at home and assume the housewife role instead, and they are both content with that. If anything, her position within the household is higher than Delaney, who in terms of occupation and amount of salary earns less than his wife.
Her presence amongst the men in the labor exchange shocks them so much she may have left and impressions of a womanly uprising. She has made an impression of her own strength in society and in her household. Kyra, in the meantime, has always been the center of the family.
She is the head, the one who determines what to eat, everything. Respected by her community and her workmates, she is dominant without being a dictator, because she is intelligent. Toward the plot or storyline, both play significant roles as the two main wives within the story: You didn't ask questions. You got in the back of the truck and you went where they took you.
Boyle is convincing, and even stirring, in his telling of Candido and America's story, bringing to it an agitprop artist's perspective on both society's injustices and the cold implacability of the privileged classes, as well as a Brechtian vision of how those cast to the bottom of society blindly victimize one another. Indeed, the journey of the Rincons -- from their desolate Mexican village to the terrors of exploitation on the undocumented edge of American society and finally into the whirling, pyrotechnically presented catastrophe toward which the story builds -- more than confirms Mr.
Boyle's reputation as a novelist of exuberance and invention, gained with such pop extravaganzas as "World's End" and "The Road to Wellville.
Boyle was clearly not interested in merely writing a novel about illegal aliens scrabbling for a living. For he has divided his considerable narrative and stylistic gifts between the Rincons' story and that of Delaney and Kyra Mossbacher, the rather contemptible yuppie couple whose deeply unremarkable experiences are set in opposition to the Rincons'.
It is here, alas, that Mr. Delaney is described on the very first page as "a liberal humanist with an unblemished driving record and a freshly waxed Japanese car with personalized plates. Boyle's earlier work, a kind of comedy that finds its roots in sarcasm. Boyle's case, this sarcasm is often taken for buoyancy and even daring, but in "The Tortilla Curtain" it rings hollow. When a character is described in terms of his driving record and his vanity plates, the reader can only hope that character is a minor one, a walk-on.
But when you realize that you are being asked to read on and on about someone the author obviously doesn't care deeply about and has, in fact, just trashed with the flick of an easy laughyour heart begins to sink.
Even when the novel's plot begins to activate Delaney and sour his usually beatific goofy world view, our reaction to the transformation is interrupted by the necessity of coping with Mr. Boyle's persistent elbow in our ribs: It seemed he was always in a rage lately -- he, Delaney Mossbacher, the Pilgrim of Topanga Creek -- he who led the least stressful existence of anybody on earth besides maybe a handful of Tibetan lamas.