Crimea profile - BBC News
- - Russia acquires Crimea as well as parts of Poland .. breakaway regions and its ties with Nato, Moscow's relations. While Ukraine and Russia share common historical origins, the west of the country has close ties with its European neighbours, particularly. David Keys takes a look at the remarkable history behind the relationship between Russia and Ukraine over Crimea.
He appeals but succeeds only in having sentence cut by a year. He is later sent to serve it in a Siberian penal colony.
Russia withdraws from border treaty signed with Estonia after the Estonian parliament introduces reference to Soviet occupation before ratifying. At least 10 Russian servicemen die in bomb blast in Dagestani capital, Makhachkala.
Russia thanks UK rescue team. Gazprom gains overwhelming control of Sibneft oil company by buying out businessman Roman Abramovich for 13 billion dollars. Caucasus clashes October - Dozens are killed during clashes between police and militants in Nalchik, the capital of the North Caucasus republic of Kabardino-Balkaria.
Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev issues statement saying he was in overall command of rebel forces. Russia cut gas supplies to Ukraine, citing market rules. Mr Yushchenko secured the transparency of the democratic process, the rule of law and media freedom, but his efforts to move towards Nato and EU membership made slow progress in the face of Western reluctance to antagonise a resurgent Russia and a divided public opinion in Ukraine itself.
Rivalry with his prime minister, Yuliya Tymoshenko, soured into open antagonism, and neither proved able to cope with the worldwide economic downturn after Their opponent in the Orange Revolution, Viktor Yanukovych, won the presidential election. He swiftly re-oriented foreign and trade policy towards Russia and clamped down on media freedom. He also had various oppenents, most prominently Ms Tymoshenko, imprisoned in trials regarded at home and abroad as politically-motivated.
Although trade with EU countries now exceeds that with Russia, Moscow is the largest individual trading partner.
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Ukraine depends on Russia for its gas supplies and forms an important part of the pipeline transit route for Russian gas exports to Europe. Gas disputes A dispute over price rises prompted Russia briefly to cut supplies for use by Ukraine in January and raised concerns across Europe too.
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Russian companies are one of the largest investors in Ukraine, accounting for 7 percent of total foreign investment inaccording to offici al Ukrainian statistics. But on Friday Moscow said it was taking a wait-and-see approach to the events unfolding across the border.
Ukraine is also a key component of Russia's plans for a Eurasian customs union with some other former Soviet states. But as Steven Pifer, former U. Should it look westward toward the EU or maintain close ties with Russia?
Ukraine was the victim of the famine induced by Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin. Later, it was among the Soviet republics that bore the brunt of the Chernobyl disaster. Those events undoubtedly resonated in the public memory for years: