Family relationships vocabulary - LinkNotions
nephew – somebody's brother's or sister's son; your husband's or wife's brother's or sister's son 4. marriage – legal relationship between a husband and wife My father was 29 and my mother was 25 when they got married. My mother doesn't like that I go out with Tom; she says he's too old for me. Comprehensive list of synonyms for sons and daughters and nephews and the child, daughter, brother etc who is between the oldest and the youngest in age. The family relationships vocabulary is useful to see who is who for me in my family. My father's brother's son = The son of the brother of my father. My father's.
These cousinly relations all assume that the generations trace back to full siblings B0 and C0 in the diagramwho had both parents H and W in common. Types of First Cousins please click to donate! Because this article helps you, please donate at OakRoadSystems.Chiranjeevi Family With Parents, Wife, Brother, Son and Daughter Photos
First cousins can be classified two ways: While ortho-cousins are children of two brothers or two sisters; cross-cousins are children of a sister and brother. Note that these terms depend on the sexes of the parents, not of the cousins. A table and some examples should make the terms clear: What relation are they? C2 is the child of C1, and C1 and B1 are first cousins. Therefore B1 and C2 are called first cousins once removed, the most common example of a relationship designated removed.
For instance, B2 and C4 are second cousins twice removed, not fourth cousins twice removed. In the chart above, the first cousins B1 and C1 must be your mother and her cousin.
You are then B2, the child of your mother. You B2 are second cousin to C2; Joe is twice removed, or two generations below C2. My friend B2 and his relative C3 are second cousins once removed.
Sometimes they are used interchangeably, but they have distinct and well-defined meanings. The key distinction is that half siblings have one parent in common but not both; stepsiblings have no parents in common. Mark and Sue died or the marriages ended in divorce. Harry met Sally; they married, and had a daughter named Amelia. The children from a previous marriage are stepsons and stepdaughters generically, stepchildren. You are my stepbrother or stepsister if we have no parents in common but our parents have married each other.
There are two ways you could be my stepsister: If my mother marries a second time, and her new husband my new stepfather already has a daughter from a previous marriage, that daughter is my stepsister because one of her parents is married to one of my parents.
If my father marries a second time, and his new wife already has a daughter, that daughter is again my stepsister. A similar rule gives the two ways for you to be my stepbrother. Amelia is not stepsister but half sister to both John and Amanda, because she shares one parent with each. Half Relations You are my half brother or half sister if we have one parent in common but not both.
For instance, if my parents divorce or my father dies and my mother remarries, her new husband is my stepfather. If she and my stepfather have a daughter, that daughter is my half sister because we have the same mother but different fathers.
The same is true if my father remarries and has a daughter with his new wife: Similarly, Amelia and Amanda are half sisters through their common father Harry.
Do you see the difference? If you are the child of my stepparent, you will be either my stepsibling or my half sibling. Half siblings have one parent in common; stepsiblings have no parents in common. Consanguinity, or Degree of Kinship Degrees of consanguinity are used to compare the closeness of relationships in a legal context. For instance, if a person dies without leaving a will, his estate will be divided according to a legally prescribed order.
Also, incest taboos prevent people marrying who are too closely related. Consanguinity can be lineal, where one person is an ancestor of the other, or collateral, where the two people have a common ancestor but neither one is an ancestor of the other. Computing lineal consanguinity is easy: Thus a father and son are related in the first degree, a grandfather and grandson in the second degree, and so on.
Family Relationships in English And Phrases About Family
The Roman method or civil law counts up from one person to the common ancestor, then down to the other person. B0 and C1 uncle and niece are related in the third degree. The Germanic method was used by Catholic canon law until and also historically by English and American law. It simply counts the length of the longer branch. On this system uncle and niece such as B0 and C1 are related in the second degree, exactly the same as first cousins such as B1 and C1.
Recent editions of the Britannica go into computation of consanguinity on the basis of shared DNA. Life Changes, Relationship Changes The terms given above have a long tradition behind them, but they came into use when society was a lot less mobile than it is today.
Professional genealogists do it with diagrams and symbols, but how do various life events change the terms the rest of us use for relationships? The rule here is simple: Whether your sister adopts a little girl or gives birth to one, that little girl is your niece. Whether or not little Jennifer knows she was adopted, you are her Aunt Helen and she is your niece. Most adoptions occur when the children are very young. Their adoptive parents are most likely the only ones they know, and are usually referred to as mother and father.
The woman who actually gave birth to the child is called, logically enough, the birth mother. Almost everyone would agree that they are. The son or daughter of an uncle or aunt. The child of your aunt or uncle. People who have the same great-grandparents, but not the same grandparents. Third, Fourth, and Fifth Cousins: Your third cousins have the same great-great-grandparents, fourth cousins have the same great-great-great-grandparents, and so on.
Distant by degrees in relationship; as, a cousin once removed; means from different generations. The words "once removed" mean that there is a difference of one generation. Twice removed means that there is a two-generation difference. Abrieviations for the various combinations of cousin relationships. Top-of-Page 2G, 3G, etc: Cross cousins are the children of a brother and a sister.
Parallel cousins are the children of two brothers or two sisters. Regular first cousins share only one set of common ancestors, while double first cousins share all lineal and collateral relatives. One who begets, or brings forth, offspring; a father or a mother.
Family words in Hindi
One who has begotten a child, whether son or daughter; a generator; a male parent. Of or pertaining to a father; Received or derived from a father; hereditary; as, a paternal estate. A female parent; especially, one of the human race; a woman who has borne a child. Of or pertaining to a mother.
A parent of one's mother or father; grandfather or grandmother. A father's or mother's father; an ancestor in the next degree above the father or mother in lineal ascent. The mother of one's father or mother. The father of one's grandfather or grandmother. And the mother of one's grandfather or grandmother. A son or a daughter; a male or female descendant, in the first degree; the immediate progeny of human parents. A male child; the male issue, or offspring, of a parent, father or mother.
The female offspring of the human species; a female child of any age. A son's or daughter's son. And the daughter of one's son or daughter. A person's brother or sister. A male person who has the same father and mother with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case he is more definitely called a half brother, or brother of the half blood. A female who has the same parents with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case, she is more definitely called a half sister.
Family Relationships in English And Phrases About Family
The correlative of brother. The brother of one's father or mother; also applied to an aunt's husband; -- the correlative of aunt in sex, and of nephew and niece in relationship. The sister of one's father or mother; -- correlative to nephew or niece. Also applied to an uncle's wife. Top-of-Page Granduncle or Greatuncle: A father's or mother's uncle. Top-of-Page Grandaunt or Greataunt: The aunt of one's father or mother. The son of a brother or a sister, or of a brother-in-law or sister-in-law.
A daughter of one's brother or sister, or of one's brother-in-law or sister-in-law.