Is EU in decline? Ever-closer Finland and Estonia beg to differ. - badz.info
Jun 28, The zero point in Estonian-Finnish relations . Soviet) did not mention any past problems in Estonian-Finnish relations, but emphasized the. Aug 13, What is the status of Finnish/Estonian relations? Are they warm or Relations are cordial and genuinely friendly, but not without problems. Finland-Estonia relations are foreign relations between Finland and Estonia. Both countries restored diplomatic relations on August 29, Finland has an.
The zero point in Estonian-Finnish relations In his obituary, Bahovski focuses on Januarywhich naturally excites Estonians most. The context is that Koivisto had subordinated his Baltic policy to the primary goal of maintaining friendly relations with Gorbachev and the leadership of the USSR at the time. This was not a unique position; it was in tune for example with the line taken by the US President George H.
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Bush with whom Koivisto was conferring regularly. The stability of the USSR trumped support for democratic national movements, including those in the Baltic Soviet republics.
This policy was naturally resented by the nationalists.
In January Koivisto decided to make two public statements and give interviews: On the first occasion, Koivisto said that Finland had sympathy for Baltic independence movements, but Baltic leaders should negotiate with Moscow on the basis of the Soviet constitution.
Koivisto accused the Baltic governments for the failure of those negotiations. Tallinn, Riga and Vilnius had repeatedly tried to launch negotiations, but they could not abandon the position that their countries had been illegally annexed. This was not particularly fair, because Tallinn, Riga and Vilnius had repeatedly tried to launch those negotiations, but they could not abandon the position that their countries had been illegally annexed.
Moscow, however, preferred to treat the three countries as having joined the USSR on their free will in and therefore had to secede from the Union. In AugustHelsinki would retract and recognize the Baltic states on the basis of state continuity and not as new countries. Furthermore, Koivisto went on record by saying that he did not expect any violence to occur in the region.What do Estonians think of Finland PART 2
Just three days later, on 13 January, fourteen people died in Vilnius as a result of an ill-conceived police operation by the Soviet military and special forces. Koivisto furthermore charged the press for giving Baltic matters excessive publicity. A few days later, more people died in Riga as a result of a shoot-out instigated by the Soviet police. After reminding the readers of those controversial episodes, Bahovski continues on a more positive note. After finally recognizing Baltic independence, Koivisto was the first Western head of state to visit Estonia.
After finally recognizing Baltic independence, Koivisto was the first Western head of state to visit Estonia, in March Indeed, in this field the risk of jeopardizing bilateral relations with Moscow was much lower, as the Soviet Union had actually encouraged Finland to engage in direct relations with the Estonian SSR.
Of course, the USSR was fishing for economic gains at the same time as it was hoping that this would not destabilize Communist power. The Soviets apparently expected that Finnish support would prop up the waning popularity of the communist party in Estonia. Koivisto agreed to play the Soviet game, but the strategy collapsed in spring when people voted communists from power.
The new popular-front government led by Edgar Savisaar began to move toward independence. The interviews were conducted by trained interviewers of Statistics Finland. The survey was a nationally representative study on human relations, sexual attitudes and lifestyles. One third of the questions were repeats from the survey. New questions covered the sexual life of single persons, relationships with foreigners and colleagues, sexual advances and harassment, sexual minorities, impact of illnesses and medical treatments on sex life, sex education and sexual counselling received by adults in health care.
Attitudes towards a number of sexual issues, the corresponding legislation, sexual problems, sexually transmitted diseases, infidelity and commercial sex were charted.
Finland and Estonia agree on most things—but not Russia | Yle Uutiset | badz.info
Social change and culture gap in Russia The survey in St. Petersburg in formed a part of the research project Social Change and Cultural Gap. It was a joint project of the sociology and social policy departments of the University of Helsinki. Elina Haavio-Mannila was in charge of the project. The data were collected by the local Gallup.
The number of respondents was and the sample was representative of the general population.
Each respondent was first interviewed face-to-face and after the interview they completed a self-administered questionnaire containing questions on their sexual life. Most questions in this survey were repeats from the Finnish survey. Questions covered family and sexual life, socio-demographic background, education, occupation, working community, economic situation, social networks, main activity, lifestyles, health and consumption.
Sexual behaviour in Estonia The aim of the Estonia survey, conducted by Elina Haavio-Mannila inwas to study the differences in sexual behaviour between the Russian and Estonian population living in Estonia. She also wanted to compare the sexual behaviour of people living in Estonia, Finland and Russia St.
The market research organization Emor carried out the Omnibus surveys, selecting a representative sample of Estonian residents aged On both sides of the Gulf of Finland, states are well aware that Russia is trying to achieve maximum influence in its neighbourhood and uses a wide selection of tools for it.
Despite this, Finland has strengthened its defence cooperation with Western partners, including the US, without much fuss but to a significant degree, at the same time also underlining the continuity of its foreign policy. So much about being straightforward. In this respect, Estonia has nothing to learn from Finland: However, Estonia could learn a thing or two from Finnish traditions of communication with Russia. Finland tries to maintain a dialogue with its eastern neighbour in all circumstances.
It is a complicated and dangerous game.
Russia is striving to exploit its bilateral relations with EU member states to fragment European unity and disseminate its interpretations. Estonia views the Finnish-Russian dialogue with well-substantiated scepticism.
Estonia has no reason to strive for similarly close contacts with Russia; it has neither the prerequisites nor the need for it. Nevertheless, Estonia would benefit from closer dialogue with our eastern neighbour.