Foundations of Relationships
He developed a theoretical model for relational enhancement which routes the Intensifying – In this stage the relationship intensifies and becomes less formal. The first stage in the development of romantic relationships is No Interaction. The fourth stage of romantic relationships is Intensifying Communication. .. example, Julie, a Christian Scientist, does not believe in seeking medical intervention. from the experimenting to intensifying stage, reinitiating family relationships . Knapp's Stages of Relational Development due to its fluid progression from step to step. Sexting as an intervention: Relationship satisfac- tion and motivation .
Pearson, Initiating In the initiating stage Relational interaction stage where people size each other up and try to present themselves favorably.
- Knapp's relational development model
- Survey of Communication Study/Chapter 9 - Interpersonal Communication
- Communication and Relational Dynamics Chapter Summary
Whether you run into someone in the hallway at school or in the produce section at the grocery store, you scan the person and consider any previous knowledge you have of them, expectations for the situation, and so on.
Initiating is influenced by several factors. A quick passing calls for a quick hello, while a scheduled meeting may entail a more formal start. For example, if you see a friend from high school while home for winter break, you may set aside a long block of time to catch up; however, if you see someone at work that you just spoke to ten minutes earlier, you may skip initiating communication. The setting also affects how we initiate conversations, as we communicate differently at a crowded bar than we do on an airplane.
Even with all this variation, people typically follow typical social scripts for interaction at this stage. Experimenting The scholars who developed these relational stages have likened the experimenting stage Relational interaction stage where people exchange information and often move from strangers to acquaintances. Pearson,38— A basic exchange of information is typical as the experimenting stage begins.
For example, on the first day of class, you may chat with the person sitting beside you and take turns sharing your year in school, hometown, residence hall, and major. Then you may branch out and see if there are any common interests that emerge. Louis Cardinals fans could then lead to more conversation about baseball and other hobbies or interests; however, sometimes the experiment may fail.
Experimenting continues in established relationships. Small talk, a hallmark of the experimenting stage, is common among young adults catching up with their parents when they return home for a visit or committed couples when they recount their day while preparing dinner.
Small talk can be annoying sometimes, especially if you feel like you have to do it out of politeness. I have found, for example, that strangers sometimes feel the need to talk to me at the gym even when I have ear buds in.
Intensifying As we enter the intensifying stage Relational interaction stage where people indicate that they would like or are open to more intimacy, closeness, or interdependence. This incremental intensification of intimacy can occur over a period of weeks, months, or years and may involve inviting a new friend to join you at a party, then to your place for dinner, then to go on vacation with you.
In order to save face and avoid making ourselves overly vulnerable, steady progression is key in this stage. Aside from sharing more intense personal time, requests for and granting favors may also play into intensification of a relationship. For example, one friend helping the other prepare for a big party on their birthday can increase closeness. However, if one person asks for too many favors or fails to reciprocate favors granted, then the relationship can become unbalanced, which could result in a transition to another stage, such as differentiating.
10 Stages Of A Relationship
Successfully managing this increasing closeness can lead to relational integration. Even though this stage is most evident in romantic relationships, there are elements that appear in other relationship forms.
Some verbal and nonverbal signals of the integrating stage are when the social networks of two people merge; those outside the relationship begin to refer to or treat the relational partners as if they were one person e. Even as two people integrate, they likely maintain some sense of self by spending time with friends and family separately, which helps balance their needs for independence and connection.
Bonding The bonding stage Relational interaction stage that includes a public ritual that announces a formal commitment. These types of rituals include weddings, commitment ceremonies, and civil unions.
Obviously, this stage is almost exclusively applicable to romantic couples. In some ways, the bonding ritual is arbitrary, in that it can occur at any stage in a relationship. However, bonding warrants its own stage because the symbolic act of bonding can have very real effects on how two people communicate about and perceive their relationship.
For example, the formality of the bond may lead the couple and those in their social network to more diligently maintain the relationship if conflict or stress threatens it.
The bonding stage eventually leads to the terminating stage for many relationships, as about 50 percent of marriages in the United States end in divorce. Differentiating is the reverse of integrating, as we and our reverts back to I and my. People may try to reboundary some of their life prior to the integrating of the current relationship, including other relationships or possessions.
Circumscribing To circumscribe means to draw a line around something or put a boundary around it. Oxford English Dictionary Online, accessed September 13,http: So in the circumscribing stage Relational interaction stage where communication decreases and certain areas or subjects become restricted as individuals verbally close themselves off from each other.
Passive-aggressive behavior and the demand-withdrawal conflict pattern, which we discussed in Chapter 6 "Interpersonal Communication Processes"may occur more frequently in this stage.
Once the increase in boundaries and decrease in communication becomes a pattern, the relationship further deteriorates toward stagnation. Stagnating During the stagnating stage Relational interaction stage where the relationship may come to a standstill, as individuals wait for the relationship to end.
Fully committing to another person is a big step, and it means you have both navigated small and large hurdles in your developing relationship to reach this point. Having a bonded, loving, intimate relationship is not only deeply satisfying but adds to your health and longevity.Knapp's Model of Relationship Development
Now your mission is to maintain your close connection and protect it from the inevitable challenges couples face in their lives together. Be sure you are both committed to putting your relationship first, and that you have a plan in place to nurture your relationship and manage conflict in healthy ways. Coming Apart Phase 6. Differentiating Stage As time goes on and the years go by, the two of you begin to see one another more as individuals than as a couple.
This happens as the demands and pressures of life pull you in different directions and create stress and resentments. The bubble of romance and infatuation has burst or is not longer impenetrable, and conflicts become more regular. If you are in the differentiating stage. It's very difficult to escape this stage, especially if you're a busy couple with children and career demands. Differing needs and pressures compel you to take out your stresses on one another and protect your turf.
It's imperative for the health of your relationship that you take action to heal the rifts and address the triggers for conflict.
10 Stages Of A Relationship From Hello to Goodbye
This is a great time to find a licensed relationship counselor to help you get back on track and save your relationship. Circumscribing Stage At this stage, you begin to pull apart even more.
You set protective boundaries for yourself, communication devolves and becomes less and less intimate. You may have your own lives, separate friends and activities, and separate spaces in your home.
Arguments push you further apart, and you may avoid arguments because they are so painful, even though the problem or issue stills exists between you.
Knapp’s Relationship Model
If you are in the circumscribing stage. This is a very painful and lonely time in a relationship. The couple has pulled so far apart they have lost their original intimate connection and respect for one another.
If you want to save your relationship, it is essential you work together with a counselor to heal the damage and define a new way of relating and reconnecting. You both will need to move past defensiveness, blaming, and resentments in order to build a stronger connection. If one of you is unwilling, there isn't much hope for saving the relationship. Stagnation Stage When your relationship has stagnated, you've reached the point where separation is virtually complete.
However, the relationship persists, for reasons of convenience or necessity. You may feel apathetic and disengaged, but at this point, you don't see a compelling reason to end the relationship.
Communication and Relational Dynamics Chapter Summary
At this stage, couples may stay together because they have children, even though their relationship has tanked. If tension and conflict continue, it's hard to discern whether separation is best or worst for the children.
If you are in the stagnation stage. It's time to get counseling for yourself. You need help in navigating this very painful time and deciding the best course of action. You may have financial issues to figure out, as well as coping with the emotional pain of ending this bond.
Even if the relationship has hit rock bottom, the two of you are still intertwined in many ways. Avoidance Stage Whether you're living under the same roof or one of you has moved out, now you are truly separated.