Cultural Information - Philippines | Centre for Intercultural Learning
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Conservative dress is expected though the degree of formality differs depending on the workplace. In general, the dress code is relatively informal. In meetings with dignitaries or government representatives it is generally expected to be more formal though this does not necessarily mean a suit, usually a dress shirt.
Outside of the main cities dress is relatively casual and it is common for staff to wear jeans and polo shirts. While punctuality is appreciated, activities and meetings rarely start on time. In Manila in particular, significant traffic may cause delays which is a widely shared challenge. There is not a general acceptance of working from home, and many people travel long distances through heavy traffic in order to get to work.
As such, a degree of flexibility is expected with start and end times. The workweek is Monday to Friday, though in some industries there may also be an expectation to work part of Saturday. If there are government representatives or foreigners in the meeting the structure is often quite formal with a number of preliminaries which sometimes includes prayer, an opening address and sometimes brief speeches from key players before getting into the business of the day.
As a foreigner it may be expected that you will say a few words of introduction and appreciation. How will I know how my staff view me? Filipinos value their work so they are generally cautious and not risk-takers.
Generally, Filipino subordinates will not volunteer information on how they view the supervisor unless directly informed that the supervisor is open to suggestions. Level of education is highly regarded, and degrees from foreign universities are particularly respected.
An ability to coach and provide feedback without being critical is also appreciated, helping staff to build capacity in a way that is engaging and empowering. If you are working outside of the main cities, team members may have travelled from different parts of the country to live and work where your operation is located. This means that they are often living away from family and friends and strive to forge strong bonds with their work mates who become their family away from home.
There is a tendency to work long hours and have little separation from the work environment and so it is especially important as a manager to understand these dynamics and foster a supportive work place. It is challenging at times to know how staff view you, especially as there is a tendency to avoid directness and hesitation to address issues or concerns. However, the more you engage with your staff, build trust and foster strong relationships, the more likely they will be to speak openly with you.
In the workplace, how are decisions taken and by whom? Is it acceptable to go to my immediate supervisor for answers or feedback?
There is an expectation that one would respect the structure of hierarchy in an office setting. So supervisors expect that matters are discussed with them first instead of with their subordinates. It is acceptable and expected that employees approach their immediate supervisor and not the upper management for answers or feedback. Filipinos put a tremendous value on consensus. They prefer decision-making within the group and to solicit advice from someone senior in position, social standing, or age.
While discussions are held to collectively reach certain decisions, the general pattern of decision-making is still a top-down approach.
In general, it is acceptable to go to your immediate supervisor for answers or feedback. The hierarchy and decision making of an organization varies widely depending on the type and size of business. Gender, Class, Religion and Ethnicity. What impact would the above attitudes have on the workplace?
The Philippines has a matriarchal society. Women occupy high positions in society, politics, the academe and in the professional world.
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The Philippines have had two lady Presidents. While there is gender equality in the Philippines, there is great appreciation for gentlemanly manners of giving way to women while walking or offering seats.
Based on income and wealth, Filipinos, can generally be classified into upper class, middle class and the lower class or the poor. While the very rich or upper class comprise of a very small percentage of the population, they own or earn the majority of the wealth of the country. A sizable amount of Filipinos employed overseas are able to sustain their family through overseas remittance.
The Philippines is predominantly Roman Catholic. There are Catholic Chapels and Mosques in the shopping malls. During those times, people are involved in church activities and family life so do not expect them to do business or work. The Philippines is one of the most ethnically diverse population in the world. With 7, islands, about eleven languages and eighty-seven dialects are spoken in the Philippines.
There are strong ties for people of the same ethnic groups. There are also varied pockets of indigenous population in remote hilly and mountain areas. However, there is still work to be done to achieve true gender equality, and it is particularly challenging to address among families with limited resources who tend to prioritize opportunities for their sons over their daughters.
Filipino society can be broadly categorized into three classes; the powerful and affluent elite, the small but growing middle class, and the lower class. The poor and lower income classes make up over a half of the households of the Philippines but account for less than a quarter of the wealth.
The Philippines is a deeply religious country, with a large majority of the population being Roman Catholic. There are a number of other Christian groups along Hindus, Buddhists and non-religious groups. Religion is extremely important to Filipinos, and it permeates many aspects of both personal and work life.The Weirdest Things About Jason Momoa's Relationship
Prayers are common before events, conferences and some meetings. Sunday is a day for religion and family and it is disrespectful to ask someone to work this day. The Philippines is one of the most diverse countries in terms of ethnicity. Ethnic identity is based on a number of factors, two of the most significant being regionality and language. While Filipino based on Tagalog and English are the national language, the Philippines has over different languages.
Locals often speak their mother tongue depending on what region they are from amongst one another but will switch to Filipino or English depending on who is present. It is also common to hear mixing both English and Filipino. How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business? Building personal relationship is very important to Filipinos. Trust is key in establishing work or business relationships.
Spending time with colleagues during coffee break and lunch times is a good opportunity to get to know more about the staff. Not only will the staff be at ease and relaxed in such an informal situation but Filipinos generally enjoy eating and taking snacks. Filipinos like to be addressed formally with their titles such as Attorney, Doctor, Professor, Director, etc.
It is important to establish an amiable relationship before getting to business.
Building trust is essential before you can expect to have effective work relationships. Showing respect for the other, and humility, is important in building trust. Take opportunities to engage in informal conversations with your team members, for example during breaks or if you are invited to social events. Answers is not very deep. Answers' reputation of being a source of entertainment rather than a fact based question and answer platform,   and for the reliability, validity, and relevance of its answers.
A study found that Yahoo! Answers is suboptimal for questions requiring factual answers and that the quality decreases as the number of users increases. Answers provides, particularly the persistence of inaccuracies, the inability to correct them, and a point structure that rewards participation more readily than accuracy, all indicate that the site is oriented towards encouraging use of the site, not offering accurate answers to questions.
Answers itself indicate that Yahoo! Answers attracts a large number of trolls.
The site does not have a system that filters the correct answers from the incorrect answers. Answers, once the "best answer" was chosen, there was no way to add more answers nor to improve or challenge the best answer chosen by the question asker; there is a display of thumbs down or thumbs up for each answer, but viewers cannot vote. In Aprilthis was changed to allow for additional answers after a best answer is chosen, but the best answer can never be changed.
Also, while "best answers" can be briefly commented upon, the comment is not visible by default and is hence hardly read. If the best answer chosen is wrong or contains problematic information, the only chance to give a better or correct answer will be the next time the same question is asked. The older answer will likely get higher priority in search engines.